Canadian Journal of Public Health

This bimonthly journal publishes articles on all aspects of public health, including health promotion and protection and disease prevention.

Articles from Vol. 90, No. 4, July/August

A Program to Reduce Pesticide Spraying in the Indoor Environment: Evaluation of the 'Roach Coach' Project
ABSTRACT Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of a pilot intergrated pest management (IPM) program in controlling cockroaches in an apartment complex, without pesticide sprays. Methods: A brief educational session and booklet were provided to tenants....
Before Early Childhood: Prenatal Influences, Risks and Opportunities
The crucial significance of early childhood for health and well-being in later life, and for the well-being of society, is steadily gaining recognition, nationally and globally. The desire to ensure Canadian children grow up in optimal conditions is...
Do Ontarians Drink in Moderation? A Baseline Assessment against Canadian Low Risk Drinking Guidelines
ABSTRACT WE used the 1997 Ontario Drug Monitor, a population-based, random-digit dialing survey of 2,776 adults, to obtain a baseline assessment of alchol drinking by Ontarians against the 1997 low-risk drinking guidelines of the Addiction Research Foundation...
Eighteen-Month Follow-Up of Infants Fed Evaporated Milk Formula
ABSTRACT In parts of Canada including Newfoundland and Labrador and among Aboriginal peoples, infants still consume evaporated milk (EM) formulas for cultural and economic reasons. At 3 and 6 months, full-term infants fed EM (n=30) received low intakes...
Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure Patterns: A Subanalysis of the Canadian Human Time-Activity Pattern Survey
ABSTRACT This subanalysis of the Canadian Human Activity Pattern Survey examines environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in non-smoking respondents relative to age, sex, socioeconomic status and prevalence of asthma. 2,381 respondents (response rate...
Evaluation of the Completeness of Reporting of Invasive Meningococcal Disease
In Quebec, the annual number of reported cases of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) increased from 37 in 1984 to 124 in 1990.1 The increase and the emergence of a virulent strain of serogroup C prompted the Ministere de la Sante et des Services sociaux...
How Many Visits by Health Professionals Are Needed to Make a Difference in Low Birthweight? A Dose-Response Study of the Toronto Healthiest Babies Possible Program
ABSTRACT The association of risk factors such as smoking, nutrition and adolescence with low birthweight has been well documented. What is less known is the extent to which certain program interventions can mediate the impact of these risks on low birthweight...
Learning Needs as Perceived by Women Less Than or Equal to 16 Weeks Pregnant
ABSTRACT In April 1997, 120 women <=16 weeks gestation responded to a survey conducted by the Middlesex-London Health Unit, which identified learning needs of women in their first trimester of pregnancy. This survey was part of a larger community...
Low-Risk Drinking Guidelines: The Scientific Evidence
ABSTRACT In 1997 the Addiction Research Foundation of Ontario and Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse released updated guidelines for low-risk alcohol consumption. This paper presents the scientific rationale behind this statement. Important comprehensive...
Maternal Outcomes Associated with Weight Change between Pregnancies
A B S T R A C T Objective: Weight change between pregnancies was examined to determine if there were an association between weight gain (or loss) and delivery by cesarean section, gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced hypertension. Methods: A cohort...
On the High Road: Driving under the Influence of Cannabis in Ontario
ABSTRACT While cannabis is the most frequently found illegal drug in drivers killed or injured in motor vehicle collisions, little is know about driving under the influence of cannabis (DUIC) in the general population. We report information on the incidence...
Prevalence of Neural Tube Defects in the Province of Quebec, 1992
ABSTRACT A retrospective study of neural tube defects (NTDs) was carried out among elective terminations of pregnancies, stillbirths and live births to women residing in two regions of Quebec, in 1992. Primary data sources included the hospital administrative...
Proposed Air Quality Objectives for Fine Particulate Air Pollution
Canada is now considering recommendations of the Federal-Provincial Working Group on Air Quality Objectives and Guidelines to adopt objectives for fine particulates that will be among the most stringent anywhere in the world and that may be technically...
Supporting Public Awareness Initiatives on the Health Effects of Climate Change and Air Pollution
This column features important events and notes of interest occurring at the Canadian Public Health Association National Office. Cette rubrique porte sur les evenements importants et publie des notes d'information sur ce qui se passe au siege social...
The Clustering of Severe Behavioural, Health and Educational Deficits in Canadian Children: Preliminary Evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth
ABSTRACT This study identifies a high-risk subpopulation of children with a markedly antisocial behavioural profile in a national sample of Canadian children. We examine a broad array of environmental and child factors that may be associated with this...
Xenotransplantation and Public Health: Identifying the Legal Issues
ABSTRACT The debate over the acceptability of clinical trials for xenotransplantation has focussed primarily on analyses of: 1) the medical benefits that might accrue to individual patients in need of organ replacement therapy; 2) the risk of introducing...