Canadian Journal of Public Health

This bimonthly journal publishes articles on all aspects of public health, including health promotion and protection and disease prevention.

Articles from Vol. 92, No. 1, January/February

Alcohol-Related Policy Measures in Ontario: Who Supports What and to What Degree?
ABSTRACT Using 1998 provincial survey data (n = 1,205), the authors examine responses to 7 items concerning public opinion on alcoholrelated policy in Ontario. The purpose of the study is to get a sense of overall public opinion on certain topical policy-related...
A Serological Survey of Rural Dogs and Cats on the Southwestern Canadian Prairie for Zoonotic Pathogens
A B S T R A C T A survey for antibodies against agents of plague, tularemia, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), and against Sin Nombre hantavirus (SNV), Bartonella henselae and B. clarridgeiae was conducted in the summer of 1995 using serum from...
Assessing the Efficacy of a School-Based Asthma Education Program for Children: A Pilot Study
Nancy L. Young, PhD, Anne M. Foster, RA,2 Patricia C. Parkin, MD,1 Joseph Reisman, MD,3 Ian MacLusky, MD,3 Milton Gold, MD,3 William Feldman, mD 1 Asthma has been of increasing concern in recent years because of increasing prevalence, and associated...
Cancer Prevention in the Community: A Survey of Community Residents
ABSTRACT Lifestyle exposures account for the greatest proportion of risk factors for cancer, yet these exposures have proven most difficult to alter. Despite intensive intervention efforts, many behaviour change programs are ill suited to the community....
Completing the Picture: Adolescents Talk about What's Missing in Sexual Health Services
A B S T R A C T This qualitative study was conducted to learn adolescents' opinions about sexual health services and strategies to improve their delivery. Sixteen 1.5-hour, same-sex focus groups were conducted in one rural and one urban high school in...
Controlling the Ischemic Heart Disease Epidemic: Strategies for the 21st Century
The twentieth century has been a time of remarkable success in public health. Improved living conditions and prevention of infectious diseases have increased life expectancy by almost 30 years.1 Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is now the most common cause...
Descriptive Analysis of Endemic Cryptosporidiosis Cases Reported in Ontario, 1996-1997
ABSTRACT Endemic cryptosporidiosis in Ontario was studied using notifiable disease data from the Ontario Ministry of Health for the years 1996-1997 inclusive. For this study period, 451 endemic cases were identified, corresponding to a provincial mean...
How Canadian Legislators View Health Promotion: Does Party Affiliation Matter?
Legislators are ultimately responsible for enacting policies that bear directly on health promotion in the population. Yet, research into what determines legislators' views of health promotion and their perceptions of the role of government has been...
Mothers' Efforts to Protect Their Infants from Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Infant exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is reported to be associated with abnormal neonatal airway structure, lower respiratory illness, chronic bronchitis, asthma, recurrent otitis media, and sudden infant death syndrome.1-5 In light of...
Mothers' Perceptions of Childhood Immunizations in First Nations Communities of the Sioux Lookout Zone
ABSTRACT Objective: Low uptake of childhood immunizations is a problem in many First Nations communities. This article describes the results of a study that examined mothers' perceptions of childhood immunizations and the factors that influence uptake....
Some Reflections on the Relationship of Risk, Harm and Responsibility in Recent Tobacco Lawsuits, and Implications for Public Health
Tobacco smoking is a major cause of death and disease around the world.1,2 A series of recent civil law suits by groups of individuals as well as governments has resulted in multi-billion-dollar verdicts against tobacco companies in the US, and many...
The New International Trade Regime: Problems for Publicly Funded Healthcare in Canada?
Since the early 1970s and the demise of the Bretton-Woods agreement, economies have increasingly moved towards globalization as markets internationalize and deregulate a process that has been facilitated by the World Trade Organization (WTO), with new...
The Use of Population Health and Health Promotion Research by Health Regions in Canada
ABSTRACT This study examined the use of population health and health promotion (PH&HP) research by health regions in Canada. An 11 item survey was faxed to 137 (of 140) health regions. Eighty-three completed questionnaires were returned (60.8%)....
Three Top Canadian and Personal Health Concerns of a Random Sample of Nova Scotian Women
ABSTRACT We sought to understand the subjective reports of women's health concerns. A randomly dialled telephone survey was conducted resulting in a sample of 458 women (Caucasian/European = 302, Native/ Aboriginal = 81, Black = 75), aged 18-81. Women...
Tobacco Industry Litigation and the Role of Government: A Public Health Perspective
We welcome this opportunity to comment on issues raised by our colleagues on the role of government in tobacco industry litigation. Fischer and Rehm (pp. 7-8, this issue) argue that it is hypocritical and may be inappropriate for the state to initiate...
Work-Related Population Health Indicators
Population-level indicators help us to monitor the condition of a population. When it comes to monitoring health, we face a dilemma: should we monitor the health status of the population or should we monitor the factors that give rise to a given level...