Canadian Journal of Public Health

This bimonthly journal publishes articles on all aspects of public health, including health promotion and protection and disease prevention.

Articles from Vol. 97, No. 1, January/February

Canada and Global Health Research: 2005 Update
ABSTRACTFrom a global perspective, large disparities persist between the focus of health research investments and the global burden of illness. Over the past four years, Canadian efforts to address these disparities have steadily increased. The objectives...
Coordinating Canada's Research Response to Global Health Challenges: The Global Health Research Initiative
ABSTRACTThe Global Health Research Initiative (GHRI) involving the Canadian International Development Agency, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Health Canada and the International Development Research Centre seeks to coordinate Canada's research...
Critical Public Health Ethics and Canada's Role in Global Health
ABSTRACTThis commentary introduces critical public health ethics as an innovative lens for considering Canada's role in global health. Arising from the relatively young field of public health ethics, this analytic perspective sheds light on questions...
CRTs - Cluster Randomized Trials or "Courting Real Troubles": Challenges of Running a CRT in Rural Gujarat, India
ABSTRACTThis paper addresses the logistical challenges of implementing public health interventions in the setting of cluster randomized trials (CRTs), drawing on the experience of carrying out a CRT within a community-based health insurance (CBHI) scheme...
Economic Gains of a Home Fortification Program: Evaluation of "Sprinkles" from the Provider's Perspective
ABSTRACTIntroduction: This paper models the effects of a home-fortification program (using Sprinkles which contain zinc and iron and other micronutrients), in Pakistan, a country with high levels of infant mortality, anemia, and diarrhea. It uses the...
Globalization, Poverty and Women's Health: Mapping the Connections
ABSTRACTPoverty and other forms of inequity undermine individual and population health and retard development. Although absolute poverty has reportedly declined in recent years,1 research suggests that relative poverty or the gap between the rich and...
Learning Together: A Canada-Cuba Research Collaboration to Improve the Sustainable Management of Environmental Health Risks
ABSTRACTObjective: To build a national Cuban capacity for training environmental health professionals directly linked to the needs of policy-makers and communities.Participants: The University of Manitoba and University of British Columbia collaborated...
Making the Connections: AIDS and Water
ABSTRACTObjective: Acknowledging AIDS as a crosscutting development issue, a Zambian rural water supply project that provides safe accessible water to rural communities embarked on a new initiative to mainstream AIDS into the water sector.Setting and...
Mapping the Future of Public Health: Action on Global Health
ABSTRACTWe are challenged to develop a public health approach that responds to the globalized world. The present global health crisis is not primarily one of disease, but of governance: its key characteristic is a weakening of public policy and interstate...
Predictors of Intention to Quit Smoking among Jordanian University Students
ABSTRACTPurpose: To identify predictors that influence tobacco smoking cessation among Jordanian college students and to test the utility of the Trans-Theoretical Model for future cessation programs in this population.Method: A cross-sectional survey...
Rapid Assessment Procedures in Environmental Sanitation Research: A Case Study from the Northern Border of Mexico
ABSTRACTBackground: There is a need to enhance the quality and sustainability of environmental health programs in Mexico. What socio-cultural factors influenced the adoption or rejection of Clean Water in Homes programs in this population? We applied...
Sustainability: The Elusive Dimension of International Health Projects
ABSTRACTObjective: The Canada-China Yunnan Maternal and Child Health Project (1997-2003) sought to improve the quality of village life and promote development of productivity and social prosperity in Yunnan province, China.Participants: The project targeted...
The BIAS FREE Framework: A New Analytical Tool for Global Health Research
ABSTRACTObjective: To test the applicability of the BIAS FREE Framework in African settings.Participants: Researchers from the Tanzanian National Institute for Medical Research, university and community-based researchers from Tanzania, the Gambia and...
The G8 and Global Health: What Now? What Next?
ABSTRACTThe policies of the C8 countries (the G7 industrialized countries plus Russia) matter for population health and the determinants of health worldwide. In the years before the 2005 Summit, relevant G7 commitments were more often broken than kept,...
The Global Public Health Intelligence Network and Early Warning Outbreak Detection: A Canadian Contribution to Global Public Health
ABSTRACTThe recent SARS epidemic has renewed widespread concerns about the global transmission of infectious diseases. In this commentary, we explore novel approaches to global infectious disease surveillance through a focus on an important Canadian...
The Long-Term Health and Economic Benefits of DOTS Implementation in Ecuador
ABSTRACTBackground: Between April 2001 and March 2004, the Directly Observed Therapy-Short course (DOTS) program was successfully implemented by the National Tuberculosis control program, with assistance from the Canadian Lung Association, in three provinces...