Judicature

A forum for fact and opinion relating to all aspects of the administration of justice and its improvement. Contains articles, news, and letters related to legal field.

Articles from Vol. 87, No. 4, January/February

A Cooperative Model for Preventing WRONGFUL CONVICTIONS
The AJS conference on preventing the conviction of innocent persons brought together diverse actors in the criminal justice system who are now collaborating to prevent such wrongful convictions in the future.Editor's note: This article is the first of...
Adding Pieces to the Puzzle
Adding pieces to the puzzle Popular Justice: Presidential Prestige and Executive Success in the Supreme Court, by Jeff Yates. State University of New York Press. 2002. 131 pages. $54.50. $17.95 (paperback).Understanding how justices of the U.S. Supreme...
Britain Appoints First Woman Law Lord
Twenty-three years after President Ronald Reagan appointed Sandra Day O'Connor as the first woman on the U.S. Supreme Court, Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs (and Lord Chancellor) Lord Falconer announced on October 23, 2003, that Dame Brenda...
CLOSE ENCOUNTERS of the First Kind
A first-hand look at wrongful convictions, how they occur, and what they cost.Editor's note: This article is adapted from remarks delivered at the National Conference on Preventing the Conviction of Innocent Persons held January 16-19, 2003 in Washington,...
Judicial Discipline in 2003
In 2003, as a result of state judicial discipline proceedings, 12 judges (or former judges) were removed from office, 20 resigned or retired in lieu of discipline pursuant to agreements with judicial commissions that were made public, and one judge resigned...
Leave No Innocent Behind
If we are to be faithful to our constitutional heritage, we must make every reasonable effort to correct and prevent the grave injustice of convicting the innocent.When a person has been accused of committing a crime, the function of the criminal justice...
Preserving Public Trust and Confidence in the Criminal Justice System
If word leaked out that a local garage failed to fix the brakes on a few customers' cars, and the customers were involved in fatalities when their brakes failed, it would not take long for the garage to lose business. If it was established that a surgeon...
Preventing the Conviction of the INNOCENT: A COMPELLING AND URGENT NEED
The problem of wrongful conviction is a human problem that affects us all.Editor's note: This article is adapted from remarks delivered at the National Conference on Preventing the Conviction of Innocent Persons held January 16-19, 2003 in Washington,...
The DISPARITY between the Number of Grand Jury Sessions Convened and the Number of Defendants Indicted
The types of crimes for which federal prosecutors seek indictments and the provisions of the Speedy Trial Act of 1974, not the number of grand juries convened, are the primary determinants of how many individuals will be indicted.A major task of the...
The RELATIONSHIP between Judicial Performance Evaluations and Judicial Elections
A study in Washington state suggests evaluation programs can be effective in informing voters, helping judges, and promoting judicial independence.The quality of our justice in America patently hinges, in large measure, on the quality of our judges."1The...