Population Bulletin

Population Bulletin is a magazine focusing on Social Sciences

Articles

Vol. 68, No. 1, June

The Effect of Educational Attainment on Adult Mortality in the United States
In 2011, U.S. mortality rates reached record lows for both women and men; as a result, life expectancy at birth reached record highs: 81 years for women and 76 years for men.1 These are impressive figures.As recently as 1960, women's life expectancy...
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Vol. 67, No. 2, December

Achieving a Demographic Dividend
One of the goals of development policies is to create an environment for rapid economic growth. The economic successes of the "Asian Tigers" during the 1960s and 1970shave led to a comprehensive way of thinking about how different sectors can work together...
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Vol. 67, No. 1, September

Household Change in the United States
The number of households in the United States more than tripled between 1940 and 2010 - from 35 million to 117 million - and household growth outpaced population growth in every decade across this time period.Accompanying this growth in the number of...
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Vol. 66, No. 2, July

The World at 7 Billion
WORLD POPULATIONGROWING AT RECORD SPEED8 BILLION World population may reach 8 billion in 2023.Today, most population growth is concentrated in the world's poorest countries, and within the poorest regions of those countries.Even though the world population...
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Vol. 66, No. 1, February

America's Aging Population
In 2011, the oldest baby boomers - Americans born between 1946 and 1964 - will start to turn 65. Today, 40 million people in the United States are ages 65 and older, but this number is projected to more than double to 89 million by 2050. Although the...
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Vol. 65, No. 2, July

World Population Highlights: Key Findings from Prb's 2010 World Population Data Sheet
WORLD POPULATIONBY CARL HAUBWorld population has reached a transition point: The rapid growth of the second half of the 20th century has slowed. But factors such as continuously improving mortality and slower-than-expected declines in birth rates guarantee...
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Vol. 65, No. 1, February

U.S. Economic and Social Trends since 2000
This has been a tumultuous decade for the United States. During the first 1 0 years of the 21 st Century, there was a major terrorist attack, a housing meltdown, a severe economic recession, and a significant downturn in the U.S. stock market. Unemployment...
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Vol. 64, No. 3, September

World Population Highlights: Key Findings from Prb's 2009 World Population Data Sheet
WORLD POPULATIONPopulation change will shape the prospects of regions and countries over the next half century. Future population growth will be almost entirely in the developing world, with the fastest growth in the poorest countries and regions.During...
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Vol. 64, No. 2, June

Urban Poverty and Health in Developing Countries
The era in which developing countries could be depicted mainly in terms of rural villages is now in the past. A panoramic view of today's demographic landscape reveals a myriad of cities and towns.By 2030, according to the projections of the United Nations...
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Vol. 63, No. 4, December

Rethinking Age and Aging
According to the United Nations (UN), "Population ageing is unprecedented, without parallel in human history and the twenty-first century will witness even more rapid ageing than did the century just past."1 In contrast to the growth of interest in and...
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Vol. 63, No. 2, June

U.S. Labor Force Trends
In the last 40 years, changing labor markets, globalization, and industrial restructuring have greatly influenced the size and composition of the U.S. labor force. The increasing mobility of labor, goods, and capital associated with globalization also...
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Vol. 63, No. 1, March

Managing Migration: The Global Challenge
The number of international migrants is at an all-time high. There were 191 million migrants in 2005, which means that 3 percent of the world's people left their country of birth or citizenship for a year or more.1 The number of international migrants...
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Vol. 62, No. 4, December

Immigration and America's Black Population
New flows of immigrants from Africa and the Caribbean are a growing component of the U.S. population. They are part of the racial and ethnic transformation of the United States in the 21st century. Although far outnumbered by nonblack Hispanic and Asian...
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Vol. 62, No. 3, September

Key Findings from PRB's 2007 World Population Data Sheet
World Population HighlightsWORLD POPULATIONWe entered the 20th century with a population of 1.6 billion people. We entered the 21st century with 6.1 billion people. And in 2007, world population is 6.6 billion.The increase in the size of the human population...
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Vol. 62, No. 2, June

Challenges and Opportunities-The Population of the Middle East and North Africa
The countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) continue to fascinate and concern the rest of the world. With two-thirds of the world's known petroleum reserves, the region's economic and political importance far outweighs its population size....
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Vol. 62, No. 1, March

Population: A Lively Introduction 5TH EDITION
Most people think demography is just math in disguisea sort of dry social accounting. Once exposed to the subject, many change their minds. They come to appreciate the profound impact demographic forces have on societies. This has never been more true...
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Vol. 61, No. 4, December

Immigration: Shaping and Reshaping America
REVISED AND UPDATED 2ND EDITIONMillions of foreigners enter the United States each day. Most are not immigrants planning to settle permanently. The vast majority are tourists, businesspeople, students, and temporary workers from other countries who are...
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Vol. 61, No. 3, September

India's Population Reality: Reconciling Change and Tradition
(ProQuest Information and Learning: ... denotes obscured text omitted.)India is often described as a collection of many countries held together by a common destiny and a successful democracy. Its diverse ethnic, linguistic, geographic, religious, and...
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Vol. 61, No. 2, June

Controlling Infectious Diseases
The 20th century was a triumph for human health and longevity. An Indian born in 1900 had a life expectancy of 22 years; an American baby born that year could expect to live about 49 years. By century's end life expectancy had soared to unprecedented...
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Vol. 61, No. 1, March

The Global Challenge of HIV and AIDS
The AIDS epidemic may be the most devastating health disaster in human history. The disease continues to ravage families and communities throughout the world. In addition to the 25 million people who had died of AIDS by the end of 2005, at least 40 million...
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Vol. 60, No. 4, December

Global Demographic Divide
A September 1963 cover of U.S. News & World Report posed this provocative question: Too Many People in the World? For many readers, this must have been a relatively novel idea. In previous decades, the United Nations had been primarily concerned...
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Vol. 60, No. 3, September

The American Community Survey
The U.S. government has a long history of gathering information about the American people. Congress has authorized funds to conduct a national census of the U.S. population every 10 years since 1790, as required by the U.S. Constitution. When the first...
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Vol. 60, No. 2, June

New Marriages, New Families: U.S. Racial and Hispanic Intermarriage
Multiracial Americans have always been a part of the U.S. population. In colonial times, multiple-race children were born of unions between American Indians, Europeans, and Africans. Early U.S. population censuses included multiple-race categories such...
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Vol. 60, No. 1, March

Global Aging: The Challenge of Success
Populations are growing older in countries throughout the world. While the populations of more developed countries have been aging for well over a century, this process began recently in most less developed countries, and it is being compressed into...
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Vol. 59, No. 4, December

America's Military Population
The American military has been viewed as a form of national service, an occupation, a profession, a workplace, a calling, an industry, and a set of internal labor markets.1 Military service has touched most American families; nearly 26 million Americans...
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Vol. 59, No. 3, September

Disability in America
Nearly 50 million Americans-one of every five people ages 5 and older-have a disability, according to the 2000 U.S. Census. That number is expected to grow over the next 25 years as the U.S. baby-boom generation enters the ages most prone to disabling...
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Vol. 59, No. 2, June

China's Population: New Trends and Challenges
China has been the world's most populous country for centuries and today makes up one-fifth of the world's population. It is no surprise that China's huge population, tumultuous demographic history, and possible future have attracted the world's attention....
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Vol. 59, No. 1, March

Transitions in World Population
by Population Reference Bureau staffWorld population was transformed in the 20th century as technological and social changes brought steep declines in birth rates and death rates around the world. The century began with 1.6 billion people and ended with...
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Vol. 58, No. 4, December

Population: A Lively Introduction
Most people think demography is just math in disguise-a sort of dry social accounting. Once exposed to the subject, many change their minds. They come to appreciate the profound impact demographic forces have on societies. This has never been more true...
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Vol. 58, No. 3, September

Critical Links: Population, Health, and the Environment
The impact of the world's 6.3 billion people on the environment is unprecedented. Humans had a negligible effect on the environment 3,000 years ago when fewer than 100 million people lived on Earth, but by the early 21st century, we have altered more...
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Vol. 58, No. 2, June

Immigration: Shaping and Reshaping America
A bout 95,000 foreigners a day arrive in the United States, but most do not intend to stay long. More than 90,000 are nonimmigrant tourists, business people, students, and workers who are welcomed at airports and border crossings. About 3,000 are immigrants...
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Vol. 58, No. 1, March

Population Dynamics in Latin America
Latin America experienced explosive population growth in the middle of the 20th century as two demographic trends converged: high birth rates and rapidly declining death rates. With annual growth reaching 2.8 percent in the 1960s, Latin America's population...
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Vol. 57, No. 4, December

What Drives U.S. Population Growth?
The U.S. population is growing as fast as or faster than any other more developed country. Between 1990 and 2000, nearly 33 million people were added to the U.S. population-a group nearly as large as Argentina's population, and the greatest 10-year increase...
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Vol. 57, No. 3, September

Facing the HIV/AIDS Pandemic
We are entering the third decade of what may be the most devastating epidemic in human history: HIV/AIDS. The disease continues to ravage families, communities, and countries throughout the world. In addition to the 20 million people who have already...
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Vol. 57, No. 2, June

Poverty in America: Beyond Welfare Reform
Throughout its history, the United States has struggled with the paradox of poverty amidst affluence. Why do so many people struggle economically in a nation blessed, by almost any international or historical standard, with abundant opportunities? Are...
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Vol. 57, No. 1, March

International Migration: Facing the Challenge
International migration-people moving across national borders-- is a global challenge for the 21st century. More than 190 nation-states issue their own passports and visas and regulate who can cross their borders and stay. At least 160 million people...
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Vol. 56, No. 4, December

Elderly Americans
The United States is in the midst of a profound demographic change: the rapid aging of its population. The 2000 Census counted nearly 35 million people in the United States 65 years of age or older, about one of every eight Americans. By 2030, demographers...
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Vol. 56, No. 3, September

World Population Futures
What will the future inhabitants of the world be like? How many will there be, and what kind of world will they live in? We can only speculate about the answers to these questions, but we can be reasonably sure that population characteristics and social...
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Vol. 56, No. 2, June

First Glimpses from the 2000 U.S. Census
The U.S. population stood at 281,421,906 on April 1, 2000, according to the decennial census. The new total represented an addition of 32.7 million Americans since the 1990 Census-the largest numerical increase ever between censuses. The 2000 Census...
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Vol. 56, No. 1, March

New Population Policies: Advancing Women's Health and Rights
Policies that address population issues touch on the most sensitive aspects of people's lives: sexuality, childbearing, and family relationships. Seeking an international consensus on population policies has often been a contentious process. The early...
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Vol. 55, No. 2, June

America's Diversity and Growth: Signposts for the 21st Century
At the beginning of the 21st century, demographic trends seem to many Americans to signal new, potentially disquieting changes in the U.S. population. Americans at the beginning of the 20th century also worried about unfamiliar developments in the population....
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Vol. 55, No. 1, March

Attaining Global Health: Challenges and Opportunities
Te 20th century witnessed a revolution in human health and well-being. Average life expectancy at birth in many industrialized countries nearly doubled from around 45 years in 1900 to more than 70 years in 1999.1 Less developed countries also enjoyed...
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Vol. 54, No. 4, December

Population and Health: An Introduction to Epidemiology
Most people are concerned about their health. When they are well, they wonder how to remain that way. Will regular exercise decrease their risk of cardiovascular disease later in life? Will betacarotene or vitamin C reduce their risk of getting cancer?...
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Vol. 54, No. 1, March

World Population beyond Six Billion
In the history of the world, no century can match the population growth of the one now coming to a close. We entered the 20th century with less than 2 billion people, and we leave it with more than 6 billion. What is the world population outlook beyond...
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Vol. 53, No. 3, September

Population: A Lively Introduction
Most people think demography is just math in disguise-a sort of dry social accounting. Once exposed to the subject, many change their minds. They come to appreciate the profound impact demographic forces have on societies. This has never been more true...
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Vol. 53, No. 2, June

Asian Americans: Diverse and Growing
The author appreciates the contributions of Juanita Tamayo Lott, Morrison Wong, and Min Zhou, who reviewed an earlier draft of this publication, and of Kelvin Pollard and Mary Kent of PRB. Most of the work on this Population Bulletin was completed while...
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Vol. 53, No. 1, March

Population Change, Resources, and the Environment
The Earth's resources, natural systems, and human population are inherently connected. The fundamental relationships are fairly easy to grasp: People rely on food, air, and water for life. The Earth's resources provide energy and raw materials for human...
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Vol. 52, No. 4, December

Population and Reproductive Health in Sub-Saharan Africa
Dr. Goliber would like to thank his colleagues at the iI.S. Agency for International Development, The Futures Group International, Research Triangle Institute, and The Centre for Population and Development Activities for their assistance in preparing...
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Vol. 52, No. 3, October

Generations of Diversity: Latinos in the United States
Early in the 21st century, Hispanic Americans will become the nation's largest ethnic minority. High immigration rates and relatively high birth rates have boosted the growth rate of the Hispanic population above that of any other major U.S. racial or...
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Vol. 52, No. 2, July

Infectious Diseases-New and Ancient Threats to World Health
When smallpox was eradicated from the globe in the late 1970s, many health experts assumed that infectious and parasitic diseases (IPDs) could at long last be conquered. Death rates from infectious and parasitic diseases had declined during the late...
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Vol. 52, No. 1, May

Gender, Power, and Population Change
Gender shapes the lives of all people in all societies. It influences all aspects of our lives, the schooling we receive, the social roles we play, and the power and authority we command. Population processes-where women and men live, how they bear and...
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Vol. 51, No. 4, February

Population, Food, and Nutrition
Seldom has the world faced an unfolding emergency whose dimensions are as clear as the rowing imbalance between food and people. -Lester Brown, Worldwatch Institute, 1994 The world food situation has improved dramatically during the past 30 years and...
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Vol. 51, No. 3, December

Women, Work, and Family in America
Women are on center stage as America approaches the 21st century. More women than ever are in the labor force, more are having children outside of marriage, and women and their children are more likely to be living in poverty than men. These three facts...
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Vol. 51, No. 2, September

A New Look at Poverty in America
Many of the most contentious social policy issues being debated today-including reform of the nation's welfare, health care, and education systems-involve poverty. Yet the public and policymakers are often misinformed about the lives and characteristics...
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