Journal of Drug Issues

Journal specializing in national and international problems related to drugs, especially illicit drugs.

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 2, Spring

A Cohort Study of Syringe Exchangers and Nonexchangers in San Francisco
This paper presents a cohort study of injection drug users (n=229) who did and did not use syringe exchange in San Francisco in 1993. Participants were interviewed at baseline, six months (49%), and 12 months (57%). At baseline, exchangers were less...
Adolescents, Doping Agents, and Drug Use: A Community Study
Use of doping agents among Norwegian adolescents was investigated, with special emphasis on the association between doping agent use and use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs. The sample consisted of all 14 to 17 year olds in the public and private school...
A Methodology for Reducing Respondent Duplication and Impersonation in Samples of Hidden Populations
A dilemma arises for researchers who sample hidden populations, such as injection drug users (IDUs), and use financial incentives to recruit respondents. To prevent respondent duplication (a subject participates in a study multiple times by using different...
An Estimate of the Level and Determinants of Illicit Drug Use among Unauthorized Latino Immigrant Arrestees in California
Although justifications for a more restrictive US. immigration policy have increasingly relied on linking socially unacceptable behaviors such as welfare participation and illicit drug use with illegal entry, very few immigration impact studies separate...
Nicotine as an Addictive Substance: A Critical Examination of the Basic Concepts and Empirical Evidence
The present review is a critical analysis of the concepts behind and the empirical data supporting the view that tobacco use represents an addiction to nicotine. It deals with general aspects of the notion of addiction, while concentrating on specific...
Property Crime and Women Drug Dealers in Australia
Engagement in property crime by drug users is often regarded as driven by the need to support a habit and/or as merely an aside to involvement in the drug "industry." This paper examines a group of successful women drug dealers in Melbourne--most of...
Race/ethnic Differences in the Sequences of Drugs Used by Women
This study focuses on race-specific gender differences in the use of drugs. Data were obtained from the 1995 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA). The analysis examined race-specific gender differences in the ages of onset of drug use, the...
Recalled Adolescent Peer Norms towards Drug Use in Young Adulthood in a Low-Income, Minority Urban Neighborhood
We investigated the relationship between the drug use norms of young adults' peers (recalled from age 15) and subject's drug use in the past 12 months. Subjects included two samples of 18-24 year olds from a low income, minority neighborhood in New York...
Substance Use and Self-Reported Mental Health: The Moderating Effect of Acquaintance Use Behavior among Adults
A considerable body of literature has documented the positive effects that social relationships have for mental health. Similarly, a number of studies have demonstrated the importance of peer and acquaintance networks in attempts to understand substance...
The Addicted-Self Model: An Explanation of "Natural" Recovery?
This investigation examines whether the Addicted-Self Model of cessation of alcohol and drug dependent behavior (Fiorentine & Hillhouse, 2000b; in press) is able to predict unassisted or "natural" recovery. Four hypotheses are tested using a prospective...