Journal of Drug Issues

Journal specializing in national and international problems related to drugs, especially illicit drugs.

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 1, Winter

An Application of Social Conflict Theory to Arrestees' Use of Cocaine and Opiates
The present study used data from the 1991 and 1992 Drug Use Forecasting projects and the 1990 census data to test the hypothesis that certain "structural disadvantage factors" identified by social conflict theory (Goode, 1997, 1999) contribute to explaining...
Drug Control Policy and Smuggling Innovation: A Game-Theoretic Analysis
Noncooperative game theory has been proposed as a research tool to be used in the study of criminal decision-making processes. Despite this offering, game theory has enjoyed very little attention from criminologists. In this study, game theory is applied...
Exploring Arrestee Drug Use in Rural Nebraska
Since 1987, the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program (ADAM-formerly known as the Drug Use Forecasting Program) has documented the prevalence and type of arrestee drug use across the nation. Unfortunately, this research is limited to urban or metropolitan...
Male Condom Use by Type of Relationship Following an HIV Intervention among Women Who Use Illegal Drugs
Predictors of increased male condom use are investigated following a recent, gender-specific HIV intervention among African-American women. Data were analyzed from 138 women (aged 18 to 59), recruited from inner-city Atlanta (Georgia, U. S.) neighborhoods....
Patterns and Correlates of Substance Use among American Indians in Washington State
While there is fairly extensive literature examining the patterns and correlates of substance use across minority youth populations with a particular focus on comparisons between Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics, there has been comparatively little attention...
Perceived Temptation to Use Drugs and Actual Drug Use among Women
Much research has been conducted to examine the relationship between various psychological and psychosocial factors and substance use/abuse. Whereas such topics as depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety, self-esteem, optimism/ pessimism, coping, and stress/tension...
Sex Exchange and HIV-Related Risk Behaviors among Female Heroin Users in China
This study examines differences in demographic characteristics and HIV-related risk behaviors between Chinese female heroin users who exchanged sex for drugs or money and those who were never involved in sex exchange. A sample of 171 female heroin users...
The Deterrence Hypothesis Reexamined: Sports Participation and Substance Use among Young Adults
The widely held notion that sports participation reduces subsequent risk of substance use is evaluated with longitudinal data of a representative sample of youth when they were in their preteen and young adult years. Unlike previous inquiries into the...
The Effectiveness of Early Parole to Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities on 24-Month Criminal Recidivism
This naturalistic study involved 569 offenders who had a history of substance abuse or dependence prior to incarceration, and were subsequently approved for early parole to a community-based substance abuse treatment facility (SATF). Overall 495 offenders...
Toward the Operationalization of Drug Market Stability: An Illustration Using Arrestee Data from Crack Cocaine Markets in Four Urban Communities
Despite the hypothesized link between the stability of drug markets and violence, drug market stability has yet to be operationally defined. Our aim in this paper is to demonstrate the need for reliable and valid measures of drug market stability and...
UNCOPE: A Brief Substance Dependence Screen for Use with Arrestees
A national multi-site monitoring system for determining prevalence of alcohol and drug involvement in arrestees sought to refine the screening for substance dependence among persons arrested and incarcerated in local jails. Fifteen items were selected...