Perception and Psychophysics

Covers all areas of research in sensory processes, perception, attention, and psychophysics. Includes reports on experimental work, reviews, and issue commentary important to researchers.

Articles from Vol. 69, No. 8, November

Attention Effects during Visual Short-Term Memory Maintenance: Protection or Prioritization?
Interactions between visual attention and visual short-term memory (VSTM) play a central role in cognitive processing. For example, attention can assist in selectively encoding items into visual memory. Attention appears to be able to influence items...
Auditory-Visual Contextual Cuing Effect
Under incidental learning conditions, a spatial layout can be acquired implicitly and facilitate visual searches (the contextual cuing effect). Whereas previous studies have shown a cuing effect in the visual domain, the present study examined whether...
Conjunction Benefits and Costs Reveal Decision Priming for First-Order and Second-Order Features
Across two experiments, decision priming was examined for conjunctions composed of first-order or first- and second-order stimulus features. Observers indicated the presence or absence of one or two features in a Gabor stimulus. When a pair of stimulus...
Impaired Temporal Discrimination within the Attentional Blink
Yeshurun and Levy (2003) reported that temporal discrimination performance of a visual stimulus benefits when spatial attention is oriented away from its location. In the present study, we investigated whether this negative influence of attention on...
Influence of a Tone's Tonal Function on Temporal Change Detection
Music cognition research has provided evidence that the tonal function of a musical event influences perception and memory. Our study investigated whether tonal function influences a basic temporal judgment, notably the detection of a temporal change...
Locus of the Intensity Effect in Simple Reaction Time Tasks
Evidence is still inconclusive regarding the locus of the stimulus intensity effect on information processing in reaction tasks. Miller, Ulrich, and Rinkenauer (1999) addressed this question by assessing the intensity effect on stimulus- and response-locked...
Moving along the Number Line: Operational Momentum in Nonsymbolic Arithmetic
Can human adults perform arithmetic operations with large approximate numbers, and what effect, if any, does an internal spatial-numerical representation of numerical magnitude have on their responses? We conducted a psychophysical study in which subjects...
Object- and Direction-Specific Interference between Manual and Mental Rotation
We conducted a series of psychophysical experiments to investigate the nature and specificity of behavioral interference between mental and manual rotation. Participants were asked to mentally rotate five different types of visual stimuli-hands, faces,...
Parallel Processing of Stimulus Features during RSVP: Evidence from the Second Response
When observers are asked to report a feature of a single target displayed in rapid serial visual presentation, they frequently make errors. Most frequently, a feature from the to-be-reported dimension pertaining to a stimulus presented near the target...
Priming by Motion Too Rapid to Be Consciously Seen
When a rapidly rotating ring of dots was briefly flashed, observers saw only a solid ring with no discriminable rotation. However, when this stimulus served as a prime that was followed by a target that consisted of a clearly rotating ring of dots, response...
Role of Gestalt Grouping in Selective Attention: Evidence from the Stroop Task
Selective attention has been intensively studied using the Stroop task. Evidence suggests that Stroop interference in a color-naming task arises partly because of visual attention sharing between color and word: Removing the target color after 150 msec...
The Contrasting Impact of Global and Local Object Attributes on Kanizsa Figure Detection
Studies on the involvement of object completions in search for illusory figures have so far reported equivocal results. We have addressed this issue by investigating at which level object attributes in Kanizsa figures influence search. Employing a paradigm...
The Contribution of Rapid Visual and Auditory Processing to the Reading of Irregular Words and Pseudowords Presented Singly and in Contiguity
This study examined the relative involvement of rapid auditory and visual temporal resolution mechanisms in the reading of phonologically regular pseudowords and English irregular words presented both in isolation and in contiguity as a series of six...
The Role of Symmetry in Attraction to Average Faces
Although many studies have demonstrated that average faces tend to be attractive, few studies have examined the extent to which symmetry contributes to the attractiveness of average faces. Such studies are potentially important, however, because average...
Top-Down Inhibition of Search Distractors in Parallel Visual Search
In three experiments, we examined distractor inhibition in parallel ("pop-out") visual search. Distractor inhibition was measured in terms of reaction time (RT) to a simple luminance increment probe presented, after the search task response, at display...
Visual Contribution to the Multistable Perception of Speech
The multistable perception of speech, or verbal transformation effect, refers to perceptual changes experienced while listening to a speech form that is repeated rapidly and continuously. In order to test whether visual information from the speaker's...
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