Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Provides broad range of topics in all areas of experimental psychology. The journal publishes theory and review articles, reports on experimental work, and coverage of methods in all areas.

Articles from Vol. 17, No. 2, April

Bias versus Bias: Harnessing Hindsight to Reveal Paranormal Belief Change beyond Demand Characteristics
Psychological change is difficult to assess, in part because self-reported beliefs and attitudes may be biased or distorted. The present study probed belief change, in an educational context, by using the hindsight bias to counter another bias that generally...
Category Effects on Stimulus Estimation: Shifting and Skewed Frequency Distributions
The category adjustment model (CAM) proposes that estimates of inexactly remembered stimuli are adjusted toward the central value of the category of which the stimuli are members. Adjusting estimates toward the average value of all category instances,...
Causal Discounting in the Presence of a Stronger Cue Is Due to Bias
People use information about the covariation between a putative cause and an outcome to determine whether a causal relationship obtains. When there are two candidate causes and one is more strongly related to the effect than is the other, the influence...
Credible Testimony in and out of Court
Assessing informants' credibility is critical to several aspects of the legal process (e.g., when police interrogate suspects or jurors evaluate witnesses). There is a large body of research-from various areas of psychology and allied fields-about how...
Expanding the Mind's Workspace: Training and Transfer Effects with a Complex Working Memory Span Task
In the present study, a novel working memory (WM) training paradigm was used to test the malleability of WM capacity and to determine the extent to which the benefits of this training could be transferred to other cognitive skills. Training involved...
How the Presence of Persons Biases Eye Movements
We investigated modulation of gaze behavior of observers viewing complex scenes that included a person. To assess spontaneous orientation-following, and in contrast to earlier studies, we did not make the person salient via instruction or low-level saliency....
Monitoring Same/different Discrimination Behavior in Time and Space: Finding Differences and Anticipatory Discrimination Behavior
Discrimination behavior in a standard, two-alternative forced choice same/different task is usually measured by the pigeon's pecking one or the other of two arbitrary report areas. We found that pigeons make anticipatory, discriminative responses to...
Placing a Text in Context
Can readers accurately retrieve information about the context in which text comprehension occurs? If so, does their memory for context vary with their level of comprehension? Participants studied ambiguous passages in a high-knowledge or low-knowledge...
Polarity Correspondence in Comparative Number Magnitude Judgments
When asked which of two digits is greater, participants respond more quickly if physical size corresponds to number magnitude, such as in 3 7, than when the two attributes contradict each other, such as in 3 7. This size congruence effect in comparative...
Property Law: A Cognitive Turn
Despite more than a century of research by psychologists on issues relating to the law, most such research has focused on a small subset of topics relevant to the legal system. Here, I review several legal topics amenable to psychological research that...
Replication Is Not Coincidence: Reply to Iverson, Lee, and Wagenmakers (2009)
Iverson, Lee, and Wagenmakers (2009) claimed that Killeen's (2005) statistic p^sub rep^ overestimates the "true probability of replication." We show that Iverson et al. confused the probability of replication of an observed direction of effect with a...
Seeing What They Read and Hearing What They Say: Readers' Representation of the Story Characters' World
Do readers "see" the words that story characters read and "hear" the words that they hear? Just as priming effects are reduced when stimuli are presented cross-modally on two different occasions, we found reduced transfer effects when story characters...
Testing Pigeon Memory in a Change Detection Task
Six pigeons were trained in a change detection task with four colors. They were shown two colored circles on a sample array, followed by a test array with the color of one circle changed. The pigeons learned to choose the changed color and transferred...
The Nature of Expertise in Fingerprint Examiners
Latent print examinations involve a complex set of psychological and cognitive processes. This article summarizes existing work that has addressed how training and experience creates changes in latent print examiners. Experience appears to improve overall...
The Promise of a Cognitive Perspective on Jury Deliberation
Despite much psychological research regarding jury decision making, surprisingly little is known about the deliberation process that gives rise to jury verdicts. We review classic jury decision-making research regarding the importance of deliberation...
The Random Effects P^sub Rep^ Continues to Mispredict the Probability of Replication
In their reply, Lecoutre and Killeen (2010) argue for a random effects version of p^sub rep^, in which the observed effect from one experiment is used to predict the probability that an effect from a different but related experiment will have the same...
The Vision in "Blind" Justice: Expert Perception, Judgment, and Visual Cognition in Forensic Pattern Recognition
Many forensic disciplines require experts to judge whether two complex patterns are sufficiently similar to conclude that both originate from the same source. Studies in this area have revealed that there are a number of factors that affect perception...
Variation in Working Memory Capacity and Episodic Recall: The Contributions of Strategic Encoding and Contextual Retrieval
The present study examined the extent to which differences in strategic encoding and contextual retrieval account for the relation between individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) and variation in episodic recall. Participants performed...
Visual Evidence
Visual and other demonstrative evidence has become increasingly prevalent in American and other courtrooms in recent years. However, there have been relatively few experimental studies of the effects of this kind of evidence in legal settings. As a consequence,...
What Can a Perception-Memory Expert Tell a Jury?
Witnesses to crimes and other forensically relevant events sometimes describe memories in which they express confidence that, on the basis of research in perception and memory, may be inappropriately high, given the circumstances of the case. The most...
What Cognitive Psychologists Should Find Interesting about Tax
People have to pay taxes, and usually they do-even though they would rather not. What determines whether and how much they decide to pay depends on more than a cost-benefit calculation. Results from the literature at the intersection of economics and...

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