Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Provides broad range of topics in all areas of experimental psychology. The journal publishes theory and review articles, reports on experimental work, and coverage of methods in all areas.

Articles from Vol. 14, No. 1, February

An EZ-Diffusion Model for Response Time and Accuracy
The EZ-diffusion model for two-choice response time tasks takes mean response time, the variance of response time, and response accuracy as inputs. The model transforms these data via three simple equations to produce unique values for the quality of...
Automatic, Stimulus-Driven Attentional Capture by Objecthood
In three experiments, we investigated whether the mere organization of some elements in the visual field by Gestalt factors into a coherent unit (an object), with no abrupt onset or any other unique transient, could attract attention automatically. Participants...
Collaboration Can Improve Individual Recognition Memory: Evidence from Immediate and Delayed Tests
In two experiments, we tested the effects of collaboration on individual recognition memory. In Experiment 1, participants studied pictures and words either for meaning or for surface properties and made recognition memory judgments individually either...
Defining Task-Set Reconfiguration: The Case of Reference Point Switching
Some researchers argue that task switching involves task-set reconfiguration-that is, changing the existing task set to perform a different task. Although this idea is intriguing, it is often unclear what is reconfigured and which processes are involved...
Editorial
It was an easy decision for me to agree to take over the reins of Psychonomic Bulletin & Review (PB&R). After all, it is my favorite journal, and the skyrocketing number of submissions to the journal attests to its stature in the field (see Figure...
Effects of Redundant Auditory Stimuli on Reaction Time
Auditory redundancy gains were assessed in two experiments in which a simple reaction time task was used. In each trial, an auditory stimulus was presented to the left ear, to the right ear, or simultaneously to both ears. The physical difference between...
Electrophysiological Evidence of Central Interference in the Control of Visuospatial Attention
Visuospatial attention can be deployed to different locations in space without movement of the eyes. A large body of human electrophysiological studies reveals enhanced sensory-perceptual responses to stimuli that appear at an attended location. However,...
Executive Working Memory Load Induces Inattentional Blindness
When attention is engaged in a task, unexpected events in the visual scene may go undetected, a phenomenon known as inattentional blindness (IB). At what stage of information processing must attention be engaged for IB to occur? Although manipulations...
Gender Differences in Object Location Memory: A Meta-Analysis
The goal of the present study was to quantify the magnitude of gender differences in object location memory tasks. A total of 123 effect sizes (d) drawn from 36 studies were included in a meta-analysis using a hierarchical approach. Object identity memory...
Homophonic and Semantic Priming of Japanese Kanji Words: A Time Course Study
In an examination of the time course of activation of phonological and semantic information in processing kanji script, two lexical decision experiments were conducted with native readers of Japanese. Kanji targets were preceded at short (85-msec) and...
Iconic Gestures Prime Related Concepts: An ERP Study
To assess priming by iconic gestures, we recorded EEG (at 29 scalp sites) in two experiments while adults watched short, soundless videos of spontaneously produced, cospeech iconic gestures followed by related or unrelated probe words. In Experiment...
Illusions of Competence and Overestimation of Associative Memory for Identical Items: Evidence from Judgments of Learning
The relation between subjects' predicted and actual memory performance is a central issue in the domain of metacognition. In the present study, we examined the influence of item similarity and associative strength on judgments of learning (JOLs) in a...
Learning Is Impaired by Activated Intentions
Two experiments examined the task interference that sometimes accrues from having an intention. In standard prospective memory tasks, latency is often slower to an ongoing task performed concurrently with having an intention than it is when no intention...
Orthogonal Cross-Task Compatibility: Abstract Spatial Coding in Dual Tasks
Spatially orthogonal stimulus and response sets can produce compatibility effects. To explore whether such effects cross the border of logically independent tasks, we combined a nonspeeded visual task requiring verbal report of a stimulus movement (up...
Orthographic Facilitation and Phonological Inhibition in Spoken Word Recognition: A Developmental Study
We investigated the extent to which learning to read and write affects spoken word recognition. Previous studies have reported orthographic effects on spoken language in skilled readers. However, very few studies have addressed the development of these...
Parallel Central Processing between Tasks: Evidence from Lateralized Readiness Potentials
The present dual-task study used lateralized readiness potentials (LRPs) and behavioral measures to determine whether response activation for Task 1 and Task 2 can occur in parallel. We also examined whether task similarity (known as dimensional overlap)...
Perceived Object Trajectories during Occlusion Constrain Visual Statistical Learning
Visual statistical learning of shape sequences was examined in the context of occluded object trajectories. In a learning phase, participants viewed a sequence of moving shapes whose trajectories and speed profiles elicited either a bouncing or a streaming...
Psychotropic Placebos Create Resistance to the Misinformation Effect
Can a placebo for a psychotropic drug help participants resist the misinformation effect? To answer this question, we gave participants a mixture of baking soda and water and told half of them that the mixture was a cognition-enhancing drug called R273...
Sequential Effects in Time Perception
Taylor and Lupker (2001) reported that in a naming task, stimuli were named more rapidly when preceded by an easy-to-name stimulus than when preceded by a difficult-to-name stimulus (sequential effects). The goal of the present research was to investigate...
Synchrony Effects in Automatic and Controlled Retrieval
Using a speeded retrieval procedure, we investigated time-of-day effects in automatic and controlled retrieval. Morning-type adults were tested at either peak (early morning) or off-peak (late afternoon) times on a speeded implicit (Experiment 1) or...
The Categorization Effect in Hedonic Contrast: Experts Differ from Novices
Test stimuli are rated as less "good" when they follow very good context stimuli than when they are presented alone. This diminution in rating is called hedonic contrast. Contrast is attenuated if the context and the test stimuli are perceived as being...
Top-Down Guidance in Visual Search for Facial Expressions
Using a visual search paradigm, we investigated how a top-down goal modified attentional bias for threatening facial expressions. In two experiments, participants searched for a facial expression either based on stimulus characteristics or a top-down...
Verbal Ability Modulates the Associative Neighbors Effect
The number of associative neighbors (ANs) of a word has been found to modulate the associative priming effect (Cañas & Bajo, 1994). Pilot studies have shown that this influence might be dependent on verbal ability. This possibility was examined by...
Visual Working Memory as the Substrate for Mental Rotation
In mental rotation, a mental representation of an object must be rotated while the actual object remains visible. Where is this representation stored while it is being rotated? To answer this question, observers were asked to perform a mental rotation...
When Two Heads Are Not Better Than One: Partner Neglect in Paired Memory Tasks
People can monitor the accuracy of their own memories and regulate their responses accordingly. But can they monitor and make use of another person's memory? We document a new phenomenon whereby participants neglect a partner's expertise when deciding...
Working Memory and the Guidance of Visual Attention: Consonance-Driven Orienting
Two experiments investigated the potential role of the content of working memory in guiding visual attention. Experiment 1 showed that maintaining a shape in working memory resulted in a decisive preference for moving attention to the same shape in the...
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