Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Provides broad range of topics in all areas of experimental psychology. The journal publishes theory and review articles, reports on experimental work, and coverage of methods in all areas.

Articles from Vol. 12, No. 6, December

Age-Related Differences in Automatic Stimulus-Response Associations: Insights from Young and Older Adults' Parity Judgments
Young and older adults completed a parity judgment task (i.e., judging whether a target digit was odd or even) in which target numbers were preceded by masked prime numbers presented for 43 msec. Targets were either congruent (i.e., they had the same...
An Oscillator Model of the Timing of Turn-Taking
When humans talk without conventionalized arrangements, they engage in conversation-that is, a continuous and largely nonsimultaneous exchange in which speakers take turns. Turn-taking is ubiquitous in conversation and is the normal case against which...
An Own-Age Bias in Face Recognition for Children and Older Adults
In the present study, we examined whether children and older adults exhibit an own-age face recognition bias. Participants studied photographs of children, younger adults, middle-aged adults, and older adults and were administered a recognition test...
A Role for Set When Naming Arabic Numerals: How Intentionality Limits (Putatively Automatic) Performance
Processing in various skilled domains is often described as automatic, in the sense that functional stimulus processing is triggered by stimulus onset and cannot be interrupted. One problem is that subjects typically know what task they have to perform...
Attentional Bias Affects Change Detection
Thirty smokers and 30 nonsmokers participated in a flicker study in which the role of attentional bias in change detection was examined. The participants observed picture pairs of everyday objects flicker on a computer screen until they detected the...
Concept Mediation in Trilingual Translation: Evidence from Response Time and Repetition Priming Patterns
Translation responses to individual words were elicited from 48 English-Spanish-French trilinguals, who translated in six directions at study and two directions at test. Patterns of translation response times and error rates at study reflected the relative...
Cross-Cultural Similarities and Differences in North Americans' Geographic Location Judgments
We examined some potential causes of bias in geographic location estimates by comparing location estimates of North American cities made by Canadian, U.S., and Mexican university students. All three groups placed most Mexican cities near the equator,...
Distinctiveness, Typicality, and Recollective Experience in Face Recognition: A Principal Components Analysis
In this study, participants rated previously unseen faces on six dimensions: familiarity, distinctiveness, attractiveness, memorability, typicality, and resemblance to a familiar person. The faces were then presented again in a recognition test in which...
Distraction and Action Slips in an Everyday Task: Evidence for a Dynamic Representation of Task Context
We report here a novel and counterintuitive effect of distraction on routine sequential action. The effect, predicted by a recent computational model of sequential behavior, relates to the tendency for a momentary distraction, such as a brief interruption,...
Effects of Processing Bias on the Recognition of Composite Face Halves
Research has shown that face recognition accuracy can be improved by prior global processing and impaired by prior local processing (Macrae & Lewis, 2002). The aim of this study was to test the processing bias account of face recognition, using the...
Evidence for a Modality Effect in Sentence Retention
It is well known that an acoustic-sensory code supports retention of linguistic materials whose storage is particularly based on phonological information (e.g., unrelated word lists). The present study investigates whether such a code also contributes...
Faces Retain Attention
In the present study, we investigated whether faces have an advantage in retaining attention over other stimulus categories. In three experiments, subjects were asked to focus on a central go/no-go signal before classifying a concurrently presented peripheral...
From Brief Gaps to Very Long Pauses: Temporal Isolation Does Not Benefit Serial Recall
Theoretical explanations of short-term memory for serial order can be classified on the basis of whether or not they invoke time as a causal variable. According to time-based accounts, such as temporal distinctiveness theories, there is an intimate link...
Hemispheric Asymmetries in the Time Course of Recognition Memory
Hemispheric specialization has been studied extensively within subfields ranging from perception to language comprehension. However, the study of asymmetries for basic memory functions-an area that holds promise for bridging these low- and high-level...
Marking Rejected Distractors: A Gaze-Contingent Technique for Measuring Memory during Search
There is a debate among search theorists as to whether search exploits a memory for rejected distractors. We addressed this question by monitoring eye movements and explicitly marking objects visited by gaze during search. If search is memoryless, markers...
Object Appearance, Disappearance, and Attention Prioritization in Real-World Scenes
We examined the prioritization of abruptly appearing and disappearing objects in real-world scenes. These scene changes occurred either during a fixation (transient appearance/disappearance) or during a saccade (nontransient appearance/disappearance)....
Sensorimotor Synchronization: A Review of the Tapping Literature
Sensorimotor synchronization (SMS), the rhythmic coordination of perception and action, occurs in many contexts, but most conspicuously in music performance and dance. In the laboratory, it is most often studied in the form of finger tapping to a sequence...
Spatial Orienting of Tactile Attention Induced by Social Cues
Several studies have established that humans orient their visual attention reflexively in response to social cues such as the direction of someone else's gaze. However, the consequences of this kind of orienting have been addressed only for the visual...
Syntactic Class Influences Phonological Priming of Tip-of-the-Tongue Resolution
During tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) experiences, phonologically related words have both facilitated and impeded word retrieval. In the present experiment, we examined whether phonologically related words' syntactic class (part of speech) is responsible for...
Temporal Expectations Modulate Attentional Capture
Subjects' ability to override attentional capture by salient distractors during singleton search has been attributed to the adoption of an attentional set for the type of discontinuity characterizing the target (Folk, Remington, & Johnston, 1992)...
The Effect of Word Predictability on the Eye Movements of Chinese Readers
Eye movements of Chinese readers were monitored as they read sentences containing target words whose predictability from the preceding context was high, medium, or low. Readers fixated for less time on high- and medium-predictable target words than on...
The Subjective Size of Melodic Intervals over a Two-Octave Range
Musically trained and untrained participants provided magnitude estimates of the size of melodic intervals. Each interval was formed by a sequence of two pitches that differed by between 50 cents (one half of a semitone) and 2,400 cents (two octaves)...
Transfer of Directed-Forgetting Cues across Discrimination Tasks with Pigeons
Directed forgetting is shown as impaired performance on a memory test following an instruction that the presented items will not be tested. Experiments utilizing the delayed matching-to-sample (DMTS) task have demonstrated that this ability to actively...
Visual Working Memory for Simple and Complex Visual Stimuli
Does the magical number four characterize our visual working memory (VWM) capacity for all kinds of objects, or is the capacity of VWM inversely related to the perceptual complexity of those objects? To find out how perceptual complexity affects VWM,...
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