Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Provides broad range of topics in all areas of experimental psychology. The journal publishes theory and review articles, reports on experimental work, and coverage of methods in all areas.

Articles from Vol. 13, No. 3, June

Aging and Contextual Binding: Modeling Recency and Lag Recency Effects with the Temporal Context Model
Normal aging has been shown to spare recency effects in the initiation of free recall while disrupting temporally defined associations. The temporal context model (TCM) explains recency and temporally defined associations as consequences of a gradually...
Attentional Prioritization to Contextually New Objects
Using a hybrid paradigm of a contextual cuing task and a probe detection task, we tested whether or not contextually new objects can be prioritized in visual search. After several hundred visual search practice trials with repeated and nonrepeated layouts,...
Blind Man Draws Using Diminution in Three Dimensions
Can the principle of convergence in three spatial dimensions be reflected in drawings by the congenitally blind? A man who had been totally blind since birth was asked to draw scenes such as a tabletop with three cubes receding to the observer's left...
Do Transposed-Letter Effects Occur across Lexeme Boundaries?
A masked priming lexical decision experiment was conducted to examine whether or not assignment of letter position in a word can be influenced by lexeme boundaries. The experiment was run in Basque, which is a strongly agglutinating language with a high...
Examining the Basis for Illusory Recollection: The Role of Remember/know Instructions
Curiously, studies using the remember/know paradigm to measure recollective experience show that people often vividly remember events that never occurred, a phenomenon referred to as illusory recollection. Two experiments tested the hypothesis that false...
Expert Face Coding: Configural and Component Coding of Own-Race and Other-Race Faces
Configural and holistic coding are hallmarks of face perception. Although recent studies have shown that own-race faces are coded more holistically than other-race faces, the evidence for better configural coding of own-race faces is equivocal. We directly...
How Do We Track Invisible Objects?
We previously demonstrated that observers in multiple object tracking experiments can successfully track targets when all the objects simultaneously vanish for periods lasting several hundred milliseconds (Alvarez, Horowitz, Arsenio, Dimase, & Wolfe,...
Local Temporal Distinctiveness Does Not Benefit Auditory Verbal and Spatial Serial Recall
In the present study, we examined the role of randomly arranged temporal intervals preceding and following items (pre- and postitem intervals, respectively) in auditory verbal and spatial recall tasks. The duration of the pre- and postitem intervals...
Memory Conformity: Disentangling the Steps toward Influence during a Discussion
When two people see the same event and discuss it, one person's memory report can influence what the other person subsequently claims to remember. We refer to this as memory conformity. In the present article, two factors underlying the memory conformity...
On the Difficulty of Task Switching: Assessing the Role of Task-Set Inhibition
This study assessed whether or not the difficulty of task switching stems from previous inhibition of the task set. A predictable sequence of univalent stimuli (affording performance of one active task) and bivalent stimuli (affording performance of...
Priming Effects on Temporal Order Judgments about Words: Perceived Temporal Priority or Response Bias?
In a temporal order judgment task, in which observers select which of two words appeared first, Stolz (1999) found that observers were more likely to select the word that had been semantically primed. Using repetition priming, we replicated Stolz's finding...
Rehearsal in Serial Memory for Visual-Spatial Information: Evidence from Eye Movements
It is well established that rote rehearsal plays a key role in serial memory for lists of verbal items. Although a great deal of research has informed us about the nature of verbal rehearsal, much less attention has been devoted to rehearsal in serial...
Resolving Conflict: A Response to Martin and Cheng (2006)
Martin and Cheng (2006) report the results of an experiment aimed at disentangling the effects of association strength from those of competition on performance on a verb generation task. Their experiment is situated at the center of a putative debate...
Revisiting Distinctive Processes in Memory
In three experiments, we examined the relationship between orthographic and phonological distinctiveness and incidental recall. In each experiment, participants were given a surprise free recall test after they read words aloud as quickly and accurately...
Selection Demands versus Association Strength in the Verb Generation Task
Neuroimaging and neuropsychological data from Thompson-Schill and colleagues (Thompson-Schill, D'Esposito, Aguirre, & Farah, 1997; Thompson-Schill et al., 1998) showed that in the verb generation task, the left inferior frontal gyms (left IFG) was...
Spatial Frameworks in Imagined Navigation
The spatial framework model proposes that people use the extensions of their body axes as a reference frame for encoding spatial layouts in memory, and that the physical and functional properties of our bodies and the world determine the accessibility...
Target-Nontarget Similarity Modulates Stimulus-Driven Control in Visual Search
The literature contains conflicting results concerning whether an irrelevant feature] singleton (an item unique with respect to a feature such as color or brightness) can control attention in a stimulus-driven manner. The present study explores whether...
The Heuristic-Analytic Theory of Reasoning: Extension and Evaluation
An extensively revised heuristic-analytic theory of reasoning is presented incorporating three principles of hypothetical thinking. The theory assumes that reasoning and judgment are facilitated by the formation of epistemic mental models that are generated...
The Locus of Temporal Preparation Effects: Evidence from the Psychological Refractory Period Paradigm
In reaction time (RT) tasks, responses are especially fast when participants can anticipate the onset of an imperative response signal. Although this RT facilitation is commonly attributed to temporal preparation, it is unclear whether this preparation...
The Motor Theory of Speech Perception Reviewed
More than 50 years after the appearance of the motor theory of speech perception, it is timely to evaluate its three main claims that (1) speech processing is special, (2) perceiving speech is perceiving gestures, and (3) the motor system is recruited...
The Recovery of Thematic Role Structure during Noun-Noun Interpretation
We examined how people use their knowledge of events to recover thematic role structure during the interpretation of noun-noun phrases. All phrases included one noun that was a good-agent/ poor-patient (prosecutor) in a particular event (accuse), and...
The Syllable-Based Word Length Effect and Stimulus Set Specificity
The word length effect is the finding that a list of items that take less time to pronounce is better recalled on an immediate serial recall test than an otherwise equivalent list of items that take more time to pronounce. Contrary to the predictions...
The Time Course of Phonological and Orthographic Processing of Acronyms in Reading: Evidence from Eye Movements
The present experiment presented acronyms preceded by either a or an in a sentence. The key stimuli were acronyms that begin with a consonant such as F, whose letter name begins with a vowel sound, or with the vowel U, whose letter name begins with a...
Vancouver, Toronto, Montreal, Austin: Enhanced Oddball Memory through Differentiation, Not Isolation
What makes a person, event, or object memorable? Enhanced memory for oddball items is long established, but the basis for these effects is not well understood. The present work clarifies the roles of isolation and differentiation in establishing new...
Vision-for-Action: The Effects of Object Property Discrimination and Action State on Affordance Compatibility Effects
When a person views an object, the action the object evokes appears to be activated independently of the person's intention to act. We demonstrate two further properties of this vision-to-action process. First, it is not completely automatic, but is...
Visual Long-Term Memory for Spatial Frequency?
It has been suggested that a visual long-term memory based on a sensory representation of the stimulus accounts for discrimination performance when the reference and the test stimuli are separated in time. Decision processes involved in setting response...
Why Opening a Door Is as Easy as Eating an Apple: A Reply to Thompson-Schill and Botvinick (2006)
Martin and Cheng (2006) present evidence suggesting that difficulty in verb generation is related to the strength of associative links between nouns and verbs and not to competition from alternative verb responses. Specifically, they show that latencies...
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