Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Provides broad range of topics in all areas of experimental psychology. The journal publishes theory and review articles, reports on experimental work, and coverage of methods in all areas.

Articles from Vol. 16, No. 3, June

Busy Doing Nothing: Evidence for Nonaction-Effect Binding
Research on voluntary action has focused on the question of how we represent our behavior on a motor and cognitive level. However, the question of how we represent voluntary not acting has been completely neglected. The aim of the present study was to...
Connectedness Affects Dot Numerosity Judgment: Implications for Configural Processing
Participants judged the number of dots in visual displays with brief presentations (200 msec), such that the numerosity judgment was based on an instantaneous impression without counting. In some displays, pairs of adjacent dots were connected by line...
Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex and Stroop Performance: Tackling the Lateralization
Neuroscience research has identified the involvement of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in cognitive control. Questions remain, however, about its lateralization correlates during Stroop task performance, an experimental cornerstone on which...
Dyslexic and Nondyslexic Reading Fluency: Rapid Automatized Naming and the Importance of Continuous Lists
Rapid automatized naming (RAN; Denckla & Rudel, 1976) tasks are consistent predictors of fluency that also discriminate between dyslexic and nondyslexic reading groups. The component processes of RAN that are responsible for its relationship with...
Effects of the Stress of Marathon Running on Implicit and Explicit Memory
We tested the idea that real-world situations, such as the highly strenuous exercise involved in marathon running, that impose extreme physical demands on an individual may result in neurohormonal changes that alter the functioning of memory. Marathon...
Inconsistent Handedness Is Linked to More Successful Foreign Language Vocabulary Learning
The study examined correlations between incidental learning of foreign words and interhemispheric connectivity, operationalized as consistency of hand preference, using pooled data of five experiments on adult foreign language learning (N = 242). Inconsistent...
Interference between Object-Based Attention and Object-Based Memory
Research has shown that there are at least two kinds of visual selective attention: location based and object based. In the present study, we sought to determine the locus of spatially invariant object-based selection using a dual-task paradigm. In four...
Intrinsic Orientation and Study Viewpoint in Recognizing Spatial Structure of a Shape
Two experiments dissociated the roles of intrinsic orientation of a shape and participants' study viewpoint in shape recognition. In Experiment 1, participants learned shapes with a rectangular background that was oriented differently from their viewpoint,...
Is a Bear White in the Woods? Parallel Representation of Implied Object Color during Language Comprehension
Color is undeniably important to object representations, but so too is the ability of context to alter the color of an object. The present study examined how implied perceptual information about typical and atypical colors is represented during language...
Item Performance in Visual Word Recognition
Standard factorial designs in psycholinguistics have been complemented recently by large-scale databases providing empirical constraints at the level of item performance. At the same time, the development of precise computational architectures has led...
Likelihood Ratio Decisions in Memory: Three Implied Regularities
We analyze four general signal detection models for recognition memory that differ in their distributional assumptions. Our analyses show that a basic assumption of signal detection theory, the likelihood ratio decision axis, implies three regularities...
Limitations of Traditional Morphometrics in Research on the Attractiveness of Faces
The traditional morphometrics approach to shape comparisons involves computing multiple interlandmark distances without taking into account the geometric configuration of the landmarks. A recent example of this approach is a study by Potter and Corneille...
Metacognitive Illusions for Auditory Information: Effects on Monitoring and Control
Prior work has demonstrated that the perceptual features of visually presented stimuli can have a strong influence on predictions of memory performance, even when those features are unrelated to recall (Rhodes & Castel, 2008). The present study examined...
Numbers and Space: Associations and Dissociations
A cornerstone of contemporary research in numerical cognition is the surprising link found between numbers and space. In particular, people react faster and more accurately to small numbers with a left-hand key and to large numbers with a right-hand...
One-Year Temporal Stability of Delay-Discount Rates
The temporal stability of delay-discount rates for monetary rewards was assessed using a monetary choice questionnaire (Kirby & Marakovic, 1996). Of 100 undergraduate participants who completed the questionnaire at the initial session, 81 returned...
Onset Capture Requires Attention
We studied exogenous cuing caused by an uninformative abrupt onset during a time when subjects were under the influence of the attentional blink. In two experiments, we found a reduced impact of exogenous cuing during the blink time of the attentional...
Perceptual Adaptation to Facial Asymmetries
Humans and other animals are highly sensitive to deviations from bilateral symmetry and prefer symmetric mates. Fluctuating asymmetries (FAs) are random deviations from perfect symmetry that can result from developmental instability. Human perceptions...
Purely Relative Models Cannot Provide a General Account of Absolute Identification
Unidimensional absolute identification-identifying a presented stimulus from an ordered set-is a common component of everyday tasks. Laboratory investigations have mostly used equally spaced stimuli, and the theoretical debate has focused on the merits...
Rapid Eye-Fixation Training without Eyetracking
Maintenance of stable central eye fixation is crucial for a variety of behavioral, electrophysiological, and neuroimaging experiments. Naive observers in these experiments are not typically accustomed to fixating, either requiring the use of cumbersome...
Readers of Chinese Extract Semantic Information from Parafoveal Words
Evidence for semantic preview benefit (PB) from parafoveal words has been elusive for reading alphabetic scripts such as English. Here we report semantic PB for noncompound characters in Chinese reading with the boundary paradigm. In addition, PBs for...
Regulating Recognition Decisions through Incremental Reinforcement Learning
Does incremental reinforcement learning influence recognition memory judgments? We examined this question by subtly altering the relative validity or availability of feedback in order to differentially reinforce old or new recognition judgments. Experiment...
Relative Judgment and Knowledge of the Category Structure
For evenly spaced stimuli, a purely relative judgment account of unidimensional categorization performance is trivial: All that is required is knowledge of the size of stimulus difference corresponding to the width of a category. For unevenly spaced...
Repetition Proportion Affects Masked Priming in Nonspeeded Tasks
Masked repetition priming is often greater when a larger proportion of trials involve repetition primes, suggesting that a context-sensitive unconscious process may be operating. Two recent studies have failed to obtain an effect of prime proportion...
Spatial Recall Improved by Retrieval Enactment
Evidence from studies of intentional learning suggests that the accuracy of recall is not assisted by appropriate enactment at retrieval, as opposed to encoding. In the present study, long-term recall of spatial arrays following incidental learning (text...
Statistical Learning of Adjacent and Nonadjacent Dependencies among Nonlinguistic Sounds
Previous work has demonstrated that adults are capable of learning patterned relationships among adjacent syllables or tones in continuous sequences but not among nonadjacent syllables. However, adults are capable of learning patterned relationships...
The Contribution of Orthography to Spoken Word Production: Evidence from Mandarin Chinese
A recent debate in the language production literature concerns the influence of a word's orthographic information on spoken word production and the extent to which this influence is modulated by task context. In the present study, Mandarin Chinese participants...
The Revelation Effect for Autobiographical Memory: A Mixture-Model Analysis
Participants provided information about their childhood by rating their confidence about whether they had experienced various events (e.g., "broke a window playing ball"). On some trials, participants unscrambled a key word from the event phrase (e.g.,...
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