Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Provides broad range of topics in all areas of experimental psychology. The journal publishes theory and review articles, reports on experimental work, and coverage of methods in all areas.

Articles from Vol. 22, No. 3, June

Can You Experience 'Top-Down' Effects on Perception?: The Case of Race Categories and Perceived Lightness
Published online: 18 December 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract A recent surge of research has revived the notion that higher-level cognitive states such as beliefs, desires, and categorical knowledge can directly change what we see. The force...
Chunking Away Task-Switch Costs: A Test of the Chunk-Point Hypothesis
Published online: 12 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Previous research has revealed that task-switch costs (worse performance for task switches than for task repetitions) at the first position of an explicit task sequence are eliminated...
Decision-Tree Analysis of Control Strategies
Published online: 15 October 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract A major focus of research on visually guided action is the identification of control strategies that map optical information to actions. The traditional approach has been to test...
Distal Prosody Affects Learning of Novel Words in an Artificial Language
Published online: 23 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract The distal prosodic patterning established at the beginning of an utterance has been shown to influence downstream word segmentation and lexical access. In this study, we investigated...
Do Not Count Too Slowly: Evidence for a Temporal Limitation in Short-Term Memory
Published online: 8 October 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Some data in the time perception literature have indicated that Weber's law for time does not hold: The Weber fraction gets higher with longer intervals. It is posited that this...
Effects of Difficulty, Specificity, and Variability on Training to Follow Navigation Instructions
Published online: 16 August 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract To study the relative merits of three training principles - difficulty of training, specificity of training, and variability of training - subjects were trained to follow navigation...
Effects of Prestudy and Poststudy Rest on Memory: Support for Temporal Interference Accounts of Forgetting
Published online: 26 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract According to interference-based theories of memory, including temporal-distinctiveness theory, both prestudy and poststudy rest should have beneficial impacts on memory performance....
Evaluative Pressure Overcomes Perceptual Load Effects
Published online: 19 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Perceptual load has been found to be a powerful bottom-up determinant of distractibility, with high perceptual load preventing distraction by any irrelevant information. However,...
General Intelligence Predicts Memory Change across Sleep
Published online: 25 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Psychometric intelligence (g) is often conceptualized as the capability for online information processing but it is also possible that intelligence may be related to offline...
Implicit Learning of Gaze-Contingent Events
Published online: 24 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract In a novel implicit learning task, participants responded to a target stimulus that could appear in one of three locations. Unknown to participants, the location in which the...
Inattentional Blindness Reflects Limitations on Perception, Not Memory: Evidence from Repeated Failures of Awareness
Published online: 17 December 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Perhaps the most striking phenomenon of visual awareness is inattentional blindness (IB), in which a surprisingly salient event right in front of you may go completely unseen...
Individual Differences in the Allocation of Attention to Items in Working Memory: Evidence from Pupillometry
Published online: 17 October 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract We utilized pupillary responses as an online measure of attentional allocation and fluctuations in attention in order to better examine both how attention is allocated to items...
Learning Multisensory Representations for Auditory-Visual Transfer of Sequence Category Knowledge: A Probabilistic Language of Thought Approach
Received: 15 January 2014 / Revised: 29 August 2014 / Accepted: 4 September 2014 / Published online: 23 October 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract If a person is trained to recognize or categorize objects or events using one sensory modality,...
Mentalizing or Submentalizing in a Communication Task? Evidence from Autism and a Camera Control
Published online: 23 August 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract In the director task (DT), participants are instructed to move objects within a grid of shelves while ignoring those objects that cannot be seen by a human figure, the "director,"...
Moving beyond Qualitative Evaluations of Bayesian Models of Cognition
Published online: 19 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Bayesian models of cognition provide a powerful way to understand the behavior and goals of individuals from a computational point of view. Much of the focus in the Bayesian...
One Is Not Enough: Group Size Modulates Social Gaze-Induced Object Desirability Effects
Published online: 23 August 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Affective evaluations of objects are influenced by the preferences expressed by other people via their gaze direction, so that objects looked at are liked more than objects looked...
On Supertaskers and the Neural Basis of Efficient Multitasking
Published online: 16 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract The present study used brain imaging to determine the neural basis of individual differences in multitasking, the ability to successfully perform at least two attention-demanding...
On the Evolution of Conscious Attention
Published online: 9 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract This paper aims to clarify the relationship between consciousness and attention through theoretical considerations about evolution. Specifically, we will argue that the empirical...
On the Relation of Mind Wandering and ADHD Symptomatology
Published online: 6 January 2015© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Mind wandering seems to be a prototypical feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, an important emerging distinction of mind-wandering types hinges on...
Pervasive Benefits of Preparation in Language Switching
Published online: 26 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Many theories of bilingual language production assume that when bilinguals process words in their first language, representations from their second language are coactivated....
Processes of Incremental Message Planning during Conversation
Published online: 28 August 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Speaking begins with the formulation of an intended preverbal message and linguistic encoding of this information. The transition from thought to speech occurs incrementally, with...
Processing Structure in Language and Music: A Case for Shared Reliance on Cognitive Control
Published online: 5 August 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract The relationship between structural processing in music and language has received increasing interest in the past several years, spurred by the influential Shared Syntactic Integration...
Remembering Episodic Memories Is Not Necessary for Forgetting of Negative Words: Semantic Retrieval Can Cause Forgetting of Negative Words
Published online: 9 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Retrieval of a memory can induce forgetting of other related memories, which is known as retrieval-induced forgetting. Although most studies have investigated retrievalinduced...
Stroop Proactive Control and Task Conflict Are Modulated by Concurrent Working Memory Load
Published online: 26 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Performance on the Stroop task reflects two types of conflict-informational (between the incongruent word and font color) and task (between the contextually relevant color-naming...
Surprise Attracts the Eyes and Binds the Gaze
Published online: 9 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract In recent years, researchers have become increasingly interested in the effects that deviations from expectations have on cognitive processing and, in particular, on the deployment...
The Effect of Decreased Interletter Spacing on Orthographic Processing
Published online: 1 November 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract There is growing interest in how perceptual factors such as the spacing between letters within words modulate performance in visual word recognition and reading aloud. Extra-large...
The Noisy Encoding of Disparity Model of the McGurk Effect
Published online: 23 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract In the McGurk effect, incongruent auditory and visual syllables are perceived as a third, completely different syllable. This striking illusion has become a popular assay of...
The Perception of a Face Can Be Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts
Published online: 17 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Holistic processing is often used as a construct to characterize face recognition. An important recent study by Gold, Mundy, and Tjan (2012) quantified holistic processing by...
The Perception of Glass Patterns by Starlings (Sturnus Vulgaris)
Published online: 13 August 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Glass patterns are structured dot stimuli used to investigate the visual perception of global form. Studies have demonstrated that humans and pigeons differ in their processing...
Time-Based Event Expectations Employ Relative, Not Absolute, Representations of Time
Published online: 12 August 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract When the timing of an event is predictable, humans automatically form implicit time-based event expectations. We investigated whether these expectations rely on absolute (e.g.,...
Value-Driven Attentional Priority Is Context Specific
Published online: 9 September 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Attention is automatically drawn to stimulus features previously associated with reward, a phenomenon referred to as value-driven attentional capture. To date, valuedriven attentional...
Visual Illusions Can Facilitate Sport Skill Learning
Published online: 15 October 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Witt, Linkenauger, and Proffitt (Psychological Science, 23, 397-399, 2012) demonstrated that golf putting performance was enhanced when the hole was surrounded by small circles,...
When Items 'Pop into Mind': Variability in Temporal-Context Reinstatement in Free-Recall
Published online: 24 October 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract It is well established that performance in freerecall is mediated by an individual's ability to reinstate the study-context during retrieval. This notion is supported by an abundance...
You Can't Ignore What You Can't Separate: The Effect of Visually Induced Target-Distractor Separation on Tactile Selection
Published online: 15 October 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Research suggests that vision of the body-part that happens to receive a tactile event enhances the processing of this stimulus. However, it would appear that only tactile distractors...
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