Memory & Cognition

A journal that covers human memory and learning, conceptual processes, and problem solving in a scholarly forum.

Articles from Vol. 37, No. 7, October

Age Differences in Collaborative Memory: The Role of Retrieval Manipulations
In two experiments, we examined age differences in collaborative inhibition (reduced recall in pairs of people, relative to pooled individuals) across repeated retrieval attempts. Younger and older adults studied categorized word lists and were then...
Attention during Memory Retrieval Enhances Future Remembering
Memory retrieval is a powerful learning event that influences whether an experience will be remembered in the future. Although retrieval can succeed in the presence of distraction, dividing attention during retrieval may reduce the power of remembering...
Doomed to Repeat the Successes of the Past: History Is Best Forgotten for Repeated Choices with Nonstationary Payoffs
Many everyday tasks involve repeated choices in which past outcomes are used to estimate payoffs but in which present payoffs may differ from past ones. Two experiments with 10 decision problems employing the decisions-from-feedback paradigm examined...
Dynamics of Activation of Semantically Similar Concepts during Spoken Word Recognition
Semantic similarity effects provide critical insight into the organization of semantic knowledge and the nature of semantic processing. In the present study, we examined the dynamics of semantic similarity effects by using the visual world eyetracking...
Nonlocal Effects of Prosodic Boundaries
Placing a prosodic boundary before a phrase may influence its syntactic analysis. However, the boundary's effect depends on the presence, size, and position of other, earlier, prosodic boundaries. In three experiments, we extend previous results about...
Strength-Based Criterion Shifts in Recognition Memory
In manipulations of stimulus strength between lists, a more lenient signal detection criterion is more frequently applied to a weak than to a strong stimulus class. However, with randomly intermixed weak and strong test probes, such a criterion shift...
The Effects of Domain Knowledge on Metacomprehension Accuracy
In the present research, we examined the relationship between readers' domain knowledge and their ability to judge their comprehension of novel domain-related material. Participants with varying degrees of baseball knowledge read five texts on baseball-related...
The Tenacious Nature of Memory Binding for Arousing Negative Items
In two experiments, we investigated whether people are better or worse at updating memory for the location of emotional pictures than of neutral pictures. We measured participants' memories for the locations of both arousing negative pictures and neutral...
The Time Course of Task Switching: A Speed-Accuracy Trade-Off Analysis
On each trial of this study, participants either switched between or repeated two simple, two-choice tasks involving either letter or digit classifications. Speed-accuracy trade-off (SAT) curves were obtained using the response-signal method of eliciting...
Verbal Representation in Task Order Control: An Examination with Transition and Task Cues in Random Task Switching
Recent task-switching studies in which a predictable task sequence has been used have indicated that verbal representation contributes to the control of task order information. The present study focused on the role of verbal representation in sequential...
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