Memory & Cognition

A journal that covers human memory and learning, conceptual processes, and problem solving in a scholarly forum.

Articles from Vol. 36, No. 2, March

Awareness in Contextual Cuing with Extended and Concurrent Explicit Tests
The term contextual cuing refers to improved visual search performance with repeated exposure to a configuration of objects. Participants use predictive cues-derived from learned associations between target locations and the spatial arrangement of the...
Conversation, Speech Acts, and Memory
Speakers frequently have specific intentions that they want others to recognize (Grice, 1957). These specific intentions can be viewed as speech acts (Searle, 1969), and I argue that they play a role in long-term memory for conversation utterances. Five...
Distinctive Encoding Reduces the Jacoby-Whitehouse Illusion
We investigated the influence of distinctive encoding on the Jacoby and Whitehouse (1989) illusion. Subjects studied visually presented words that were associated with either an auditory presentation of the same word (non-distinctive encoding) or a picture...
Easy Comes, Easy Goes? the Link between Learning and Remembering and Its Exploitation in Metacognition
The cue-utilization view in metacognition assumes that judgments of learning (JOLs) are based on inferences from mnemonic cues deriving from the online processing of items during learning. This view calls for a specification of the underlying heuristics,...
Individual Differences in Syntactic Ambiguity Resolution: Readers Vary in Their Use of Plausibility Information
Two experiments investigated the relation between individual differences in working memory capacity and differences in the efficiency of syntactic processing. In one experiment, readers comprehended sentences containing main-verb/reduced-relative ambiguities...
Metacognition and Learning about Primacy and Recency Effects in Free Recall: The Utilization of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Cues When Making Judgments of Learning
Although memory researchers know about primacy and recency effects, it is unclear whether students are aware of these effects and incorporate them when making judgments of learning (JOLs). The present research examined how participants use serial position...
Passive Tactile Feedback Facilitates Mental Rotation of Handheld Objects
Mental rotation of objects improves when passive tactile information for the rotating object accompanies the imagined rotation (Wraga, Creem, & Proffitt, 2000). We examined this phenomenon further using a within-subjects paradigm involving handheld...
Prior Knowledge Enhances the Category Dimensionality Effect
A study of the combined influence of prior knowledge and stimulus dimensionality on category learning was conducted. Subjects learned category structures with the same number of necessary dimensions but with more or fewer additional, redundant dimensions...
Processing Modifier-Head Agreement in Reading: Evidence for a Delayed Effect of Agreement
The present study examined whether type of inflectional case (semantic or grammatical) and phonological and morphological transparency affect the processing of Finnish modifier-head agreement in reading. Readers' eye movement patterns were registered....
Processing the Presence, Placement, and Properties of a Distractor in Spatial Language Tasks
A common way to describe the location of an object is to spatially relate it to a nearby object For such descriptions, the object being described is referred to as the located object; the object to which it is spatially related is referred to as the...
Recognition and Position Information in Working Memory for Visual Textures
In three experiments, we examined connections between item-recognition memory and memory for item-position information. With sequences of compound gratings as study and probe items, subjects made either item-position judgments (Experiments 1 and 2),...
Repetition Blindness in Sentence Contexts: Not Just an Attribution?
Selective "blindness" to repeated words in rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) occurs even when omitting these words compromises sentence syntax and meaning. The contributions of lexical and contextual factors to this repetition blindness (RB) phenomenon...
The Effect of Stroop Interference on the Categorical Perception of Color
In two experiments, we examined the effects of Stroop interference on the categorical perception (CP; better cross-category than within-category discrimination) of color. Using a successive two-alternative forced choice recognition paradigm (deciding...
The Effects of Tests on Learning and Forgetting
In three experiments, we investigated whether memory tests enhance learning and reduce forgetting more than additional study opportunities do. Subjects learned obscure facts (Experiments 1 and 2) or Swahili-English word pairs (Experiment 3) by either...
The Reappearance Hypothesis Revisited: Recurrent Involuntary Memories after Traumatic Events and in Everyday Life
Recurrent involuntary memories are autobiographical memories that come to mind with no preceding retrieval attempt and that are subjectively experienced as being repetitive. Clinically, they are classified as a symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder....
The Role of Pragmatic Principles in Resolving Attachment Ambiguities: Evidence from Eye Movements
In an eyetracking experiment, participants read sentences that contained a prepositional phrase (PP) that could be attached to one of two preceding verbs. To understand the sentence, readers had to select which verb would serve as the host for the PP....
Verbalizing Events: Overshadowing or Facilitation?
Verbal overshadowing refers to the surprising effect whereby additional verbal information about a visual stimulus hinders its subsequent recognition. In two experiments, we analyzed the validity of this effect for event recognition across various conditions...
When You Name the Pizza You Look at the Coin and the Bread: Eye Movements Reveal Semantic Activation during Word Production
Two eyetracking experiments tested for activation of category coordinate and perceptually related concepts when speakers prepare the name of an object. Speakers saw four visual objects in a 2 × 2 array and identified and named a target picture on the...
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