Memory & Cognition

A journal that covers human memory and learning, conceptual processes, and problem solving in a scholarly forum.

Articles from Vol. 40, No. 8, November

Analogy as a Strategy for Supporting Complex Problem Solving under Uncertainty
Published online: 20 July 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract Complex problem solving in naturalistic environments is fraught with uncertainty, which has significant impacts on problem-solving behavior. Thus, theories of human problem solving...
Appearance-Based Inferences Bias Source Memory
Published online: 18 July 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract Previous research varying the trustworthiness of appearance has demonstrated that facial characteristics contribute to source memory. Two studies extended this work by investigating...
Conditional Recall and the Frequency Effect in the Serial Recall Task: An Examination of Item-to-Item Associativity
Published online: 13 June 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract The frequency effect in short-term serial recall is influenced by the composition of lists. In pure lists, a robust advantage in the recall of high-frequency (HF) words is observed,...
Does the Advantage of the Upper Part of Words Occur at the Lexical Level?
Published online: 6 July 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract Several recent studies have shown that the upper part of words is more important than the lower part in visual word recognition. Here, we examine whether or not this advantage arises...
Effects of Study Time and Meaningfulness on Environmental Context-Dependent Recognition
Published online: 24 July 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract In two experiments, we examined whether the size of place-context-dependent recognition decreased with study time and with the meaningfulness of the to-beremembered materials. A group...
Emotional Cues Do Not Increase the Likelihood of Tip-of-the-Tongue States
Published online: 26 July 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract In a recent article, Schwartz (Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 17:82-87, 2010) reported the effects of emotion on tip-of-the-tongue states (TOTs). He found increased TOTs for emotion-inducing...
Feeling the Past: The Absence of Experimental Evidence for Anomalous Retroactive Influences on Text Processing
Published online: 20 July 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract In two self-paced reading experiments, we investigated the hypothesis that information moves backward in time to influence prior behaviors (Bem Journal of Personality and Social Psychology...
Judgments for Inaccessible Targets: Comparing Recognition without Identification and the Feeling of Knowing
Published online: 15 June 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract Both the recognition-without-identification (RWI) and feeling-of-knowing (FOK) paradigms attempt to tap participants' sense about a target that is inaccessible. In the case of RWI,...
Less We Forget: Retrieval Cues and Release from Retrieval-Induced Forgetting
Published online: 26 June 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract Retrieving some items from memory can impair the subsequent recall of other related but not retrieved items, a phenomenon called retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF). The dominant explanation...
Looking like a Criminal: Stereotypical Black Facial Features Promote Face Source Memory Error
Published online: 7 July 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract The present studies tested whether African American face type (stereotypical or nonstereotypical) facilitated stereotype-consistent categorization, and whether that categorization...
Moral Kinematics: The Role of Physical Factors in Moral Judgments
Published online: 23 May 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract Harmful events often have a strong physical component-for instance, car accidents, plane crashes, fist fights, and military interventions. Yet there has been very little systematic...
Phonological Memory in Bilinguals and Monolinguals
Published online: 21 August 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract In the present study, we examined the effects of lexical-semantic knowledge and of difficulty level on phonological memory performance by monolingual adult English speakers and...
Response Bias in Recognition Memory as a Cognitive Trait
Published online: 8 August 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract According to signal detection theory, old-new recognition decisions can be affected by response bias, a general proclivity to respond either "old" or "new." In recognition experiments,...
Self, Others, Objects: How This Triadic Interaction Modulates Our Behavior
Published online: 23 May 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract Two experiments investigated whether the triadic interaction between objects, ourselves and other persons modulates motor system activation during language comprehension. Participants...
The Contributions of Language and Experience to the Representation of Abstract and Concrete Words: Different Weights but Similar Organizations
Published online: 7 June 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract In the present studies, we evaluated the contributions of language and sensorimotor information to the representation of abstract and concrete words and the possibility that the organizations...
The Involvement of Letter Names in the Silent Processing of Isolated Letters: A Developmental Perspective
Published online: 5 September 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract This study was designed to clarify the nature of the mental representations underlying the processing of letters. A total of 96 Hebrew readers randomly recruited from three levels...
The Role of Number Words: The Phonological Length Effect in Multidigit Addition
Published online: 30 June 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract We explored the role of phonological representations of number words in exact calculation. The reaction times and accuracy of responses in multidigit addition problems were compared...
The Strength-Based Mirror Effect in Subjective Strength Ratings: The Evidence for Differentiation Can Be Produced without Differentiation
Published online: 27 June 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract Criss (Cognitive Psychology 59:297-319, 2009) reported that subjective ratings of memory strength showed a mirror effect pattern in which strengthening the studied words increased...
Time Perception Is Enhanced by Task Duration Knowledge: Evidence from Experienced Swimmers
Published online: 18 July 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract The present study deals with the impact on temporal estimation of previous knowledge about the duration of a specific task (referred to as "task duration knowledge"). Athletes were...
What Is in a Tool Concept? Dissociating Manipulation Knowledge from Function Knowledge
Published online: 17 August 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract Research on patients with apraxia, a deficit in skilled action, has shown that the ability to use objects may be differentially impaired relative to knowledge about object function....
Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.