Memory & Cognition

A journal that covers human memory and learning, conceptual processes, and problem solving in a scholarly forum.

Articles from Vol. 41, No. 4, May

Adaptive Memory: The Survival-Processing Memory Advantage Is Not Due to Negativity or Mortality Salience
Published online: 11 January 2013© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2013Abstract Recent research has highlighted the adaptive function of memory by showing that imagining being stranded in the grasslands without any survival material and rating words according...
Are Forward and Backward Recall the Same? A Dual-Task Study of Digit Recall
Published online: 22 December 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract There is some debate surrounding the cognitive resources underlying backward digit recall. Some researchers consider it to differ from forward digit recall due to the involvement...
Divided Attention Selectively Impairs Memory for Self-Relevant Information
Published online: 22 December 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract Information that is relevant to oneself tends to be remembered more than information that relates to other people, but the role of attention in eliciting this "self-reference...
Effects of Working Memory Training in Young and Old Adults
Published online: 22 December 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract Many cognitive abilities, including working memory and reasoning ability, decline with progressing age. In this study, we investigated whether four weeks of intensive working...
Interference Resolution in Retrieval-Induced Forgetting: Behavioral Evidence for a Nonmonotonic Relationship between Interference and Forgetting
Published online: 21 December 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract Retrieving memories renders related memories less accessible. This phenomenon, termed retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF), is thought to be the result of processes that resolve...
Learning What to Expect: Context-Specific Control over Intertrial Priming Effects in Singleton Search
Published online: 22 December 2012© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2012Abstract The present study explored the degree to which repetition effects in color pop-out search from trial n - 1 to trial n are subject to the attentional control settings of the observer....
Major Memory for Microblogs
Published online: 12 January 2013# Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2013Abstract Online social networking is vastly popular and permits its members to post their thoughts as microblogs, an opportunity that people exploit, on Facebook alone, over 30 million...
On the Relation between Spontaneous Perspective Taking and Other Visuospatial Processes
Abstract Common processes and representations engaged by visuospatial tasks were investigated by looking at four frequently used visuospatial research paradigms, the aim being to contribute to a better understanding of which specific processes are addressed...
Retrieval-Induced Forgetting: Dynamic Effects between Retrieval and Restudy Trials When Practice Is Mixed
Abstract Results from numerous previous studies suggest that when subjects study items from different categories and then repeatedly retrieve, or restudy, some of the items from some of the categories, repeated retrieval, but not repeated study, induces...
Spatial Biases in Understanding Descriptions of Static Scenes: The Role of Reading and Writing Direction
Abstract Prior studies on reasoning tasks have shown lateral spatial biases on mental model construction, which converge with known spatial biases in the mental representation of number, time, and events. The latter have been shown to be related to habitual...
The Effect of Long-Term Working Memory through Personalization Applied to Free Recall: Uncurbing the Primacy-Effect Enthusiasm
Abstract In this study, a personalization method (Guida, Tardieu, & Nicolas, European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 21: 862-896 2009) was applied to a freerecall task. Fifteen pairs of words, composed of an object and a location, were presented...
Three More Semantic Serial Position Functions and a SIMPLE Explanation
Abstract There are innumerable demonstrations of serial position functions-with characteristic primacy and recency effects-in episodic tasks, but there are only a handful of such demonstrations in semantic memory tasks, and those demonstrations have...
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