Memory & Cognition

A journal that covers human memory and learning, conceptual processes, and problem solving in a scholarly forum.

Articles from Vol. 42, No. 8, November

Boundaries of Semantic Distraction: Dominance and Lexicality Act at Retrieval
Published online: 4 July 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Three experiments investigated memory for semantic information with the goal of determining boundary conditions for the manifestation of semantic auditory distraction. Irrelevant speech...
Comparing the Meanings of "If" and "All"
Published online: 8 My 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract In this study, we compared the everyday meanings of conditionals ("if p then if") and universally quantified statements ("all p are < ") when applied to sets of elements. The interpretation...
Decisions from Experience: How Groups and Individuals Adapt to Change
Published online: 8 August 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Whether groups make better judgments and decisions than individuals has been studied extensively, but most of this research has focused on static tasks. How do groups and individuals...
Deconstructing the Effect of Self-Directed Study on Episodic Memory
Published online: 19 June 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Self-directed learning is often associated with better long-term memory retention; however, the mechanisms that underlie this advantage remain poorly understood. This series of experiments...
Flying to Neverland: How Readers Tacitly Judge Norms during Comprehension
Published online: 28 June 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract As readers gain experience with specific narrative worlds, they accumulate information that allows them to experience events as normal or unusual within those worlds. In this article,...
Impression Formation of Tests: Retrospective Judgments of Performance Are Higher When Easier Questions Come First
Published online: 28 June 2014(Q> Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Four experiments are reported on the importance of retrospective judgments of performance (postdictions) on tests. Participants answered general knowledge questions and estimated...
Memory Search for the First Target Modulates the Magnitude of the Attentional Blink
Published online: 25 June 2014(Q> Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract The resolution of temporal attention is limited in a manner that makes it difficult to identify two targets in short succession. This limitation produces the phenomenon known...
People Use the Memory for Past-Test Heuristic as an Explicit Cue for Judgments of Learning
Published online: 5 June 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract When people estimate their memory for to-beleamed material over multiple study-test trials, they tend to base their judgments of learning (JOLs) on their test performance for those...
Recent Study, but Not Retrieval, of Knowledge Protects against Learning Errors
Published online: 28 June 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Surprisingly, people incorporate errors into their knowledge bases even when they have the correct knowledge stored in memory (e.g., Fazio, Barber, Rajaram, Ornstein, & Marsh,...
Testing the Absolute-Tempo Hypothesis: Context Effects for Familiar and Unfamiliar Songs
Published online: 28 June 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract In two experiments, we investigated context effects on tempo judgments for familiar and unfamiliar songs performed by popular artists. In Experiment 1, participants made comparative...
The Influences of Partner Accuracy and Partner Memory Ability on Social False Memories
Published online: 18 My 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract In this study, we examined whether increasing the proportion of false information suggested by a confederate would influence the magnitude of socially introduced false memories in the...
The Modulation of Semantic Transparency on the Recognition Memory for Two-Character Chinese Words
Published online: 4 June 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract This study demonstrated that semantic transparency as a linguistic property modulates the recognition memory for two-character Chinese words, with opaque words (i.e., words whose meanings...
Using Response Time Modeling to Distinguish Memory and Decision Processes in Recognition and Source Tasks
Published online: 8 August 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) functions are often used to make inferences about memory processes, such as claiming that memory strength is more variable for studied versus...
Waiting for Feedback Helps If You Want to Know the Answer: The Role of Curiosity in the Delay-of-Feedback Benefit
Published online: 3 July 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract When participants answer a test question and then receive feedback of the correct answer, studies have shown that the feedback is more effective when it is delayed by several seconds...
Why Does Guessing Incorrectly Enhance, Rather Than Impair, Retention?
Published online: 14 August 2014© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014Abstract The finding that trying, and failing, to predict the upcoming to-be-remembered response to a given cue can enhance later recall of that response, relative to studying the intact...
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