Memory & Cognition

A journal that covers human memory and learning, conceptual processes, and problem solving in a scholarly forum.

Articles from Vol. 42, No. 4, May

Acoustic Masking Disrupts Time-Dependent Mechanisms of Memory Encoding in Word-List Recall
Published online: 7 November 2013© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2013Abstract Recall of recently heard words is affected by the clarity of presentation: Even if all words are presented with sufficient clarity for successful recognition, those that are more...
A Slippery Directional Slope: Individual Differences in Using Slope as a Directional Cue
Published online: 12 December 2013© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2013Abstract Navigators rely on many different types of cues to build representations of large-scale spaces. Sloped terrain is an important cue that has received recent attention in comparative...
Associative Recognition and the List Strength Paradigm
Published online: 7 December 2013© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2013Abstract When a subset of list items is strengthened, the discriminability of the nonstrengthened items is unaffected. This regularity has been dubbed the null list strength effect (LSE),...
Deciding with the Eye: How the Visually Manipulated Accessibility of Information in Memory Influences Decision Behavior
Published online: 12 November 2013© The Author(s) 2013. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.comAbstract Decision situations are typically characterized by uncertainty: Individuals do not know the values of different options on...
Distinct Processes Shape Flashbulb and Event Memories
Published online: 12 November 2013© The Author(s) 2013. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.comAbstract In the present study, we examined the relation between memory for a consequential and emotional event and memory for the circumstances...
Evidence for Habituation of the Irrelevant-Sound Effect on Serial Recall
Published online: 8 November 2013© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2013Abstract Working memory theories make opposing predictions as to whether the disruptive effect of task-irrelevant sound on serial recall should be attenuated after repeated exposure to...
Grammatical Context Constrains Lexical Competition in Spoken Word Recognition
Published online: 28 November 2013© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2013Abstract When perceiving spoken language, listeners must match the incoming acoustic phonetic input to lexical representations in memory. Models that quantify this process propose that...
Reinstating Higher Order Properties of a Study List by Retrieving a List Item
Published online: 3 December 2013© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2013Abstract In two experiments, we looked at the role of higher order list properties in episodic recall. A probabilistic paired-associate paradigm was used in which each cue was repeatedly...
Reversed Better-Than-Average Effect in Direct Comparisons of Nonsocial Stimuli Depends on the Set Size
Published online: 19 December 2013© The Author(s) 2013. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.comAbstract Studies on direct comparative judgments typically show that, for items that are positively evaluated, a single item randomly...
Stress Assignment in Reading Italian: Friendship Outweighs Dominance
Published online: 29 October 2013© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2013Abstract Stress assignment to polysyllabic words is the only aspect of the pronunciation of written Italian that cannot be predicted by rule. It could be a function of stress dominance...
The Specificity of Learned Parallelism in Dual-Memory Retrieval
Published online: 30 October 2013© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2013Abstract Retrieval of two responses from one visually presented cue occurs sequentially at the outset of dual-retrieval practice. Exclusively for subjects who adopt a mode of grouping (i.e.,...
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