Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics

A semi-annual journal of news, ideas, and essays covering the economics of agriculture and natural resources. Published by the Western Agricultural Economics Association.

Articles from Vol. 28, No. 3, December

An Empirical Analysis of Market Integration and Efficiency for U.S. Fresh Tomato Markets
Fresh tomato trade between the United States and Mexico grew significantly during the 1990s. Moreover, major structural changes in U.S. produce marketing channels increase the complexity of conducting analyses to delineate the impact of liberalized trade....
Consumer Willingness to Pay for Genetically Modified Food Labels in a Market with Diverse Information: Evidence from Experimental Auctions
With the continuing controversy over genetically modified (GM) foods, some groups advocate mandatory labeling of these products, while other groups oppose labeling. An important issue is how GM labels affect consumers' willingness to pay for these food...
Do Income Constraints Inhibit Spending on Fruits and Vegetables among Low-Income Households?
This study assesses whether income constraints inhibit spending on fruits and vegetables among low-income households. If this is the case, then it is hypothesized that the distribution of expenditures on fruits and vegetables by low-income households...
Effects of the GM Controversy on Iowa Corn-Soybean Farmers' Acreage Allocation Decisions
Prior to the 2000 planting season, some industry observers predicted acreage of genetically modified crops would decline dramatically. However, actual 2000 plantings presented a puzzle. Farmers reduced their acreage of genetically modified corn, but...
Estimating Production Risk and Inefficiency Simultaneously: An Application to Cotton Cropping Systems
By using a stochastic frontier framework, the mutual effect of input use on production risk and inefficiency is investigated. Disentangling this mutual effect proves important for empirical reasons, at least when applied to west Tennessee cotton systems...
Improving Extension Effectiveness for Organic Clients: Current Status and Future Directions
Responses from a national survey of U.S. organic farmers indicated dissatisfaction with the extension service. An ordered probit model was used to identify the factors influencing effectiveness ratings of extension advisors by farmers. Study findings...
Integrative Investment Appraisal of a Lignocellulosic Biomass-to-Ethanol Industry
While theoretically more efficient than starch-based ethanol production systems, conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to ethanol is not without major challenges. A multi-region, multi-period, mixed integer mathematical programming model encompassing...
Liberalizing Agricultural Trade: Will It Ever Be a Reality?
The World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Agriculture was signed in June 1994. It accomplished two things: it brought agricultural trade under the rules of WTO, and it set schedules for reducing barriers to trade under the three pillars of liberalization-market...
Local Labor Market Conditions and the Jobless Poor: How Much Does Local Job Growth Help in Rural Areas?
The employment outcomes of a group of jobless poor Oregonians are tracked in order to analyze the relative importance of local labor market conditions on their employment outcomes. Local job growth increases the probability that a jobless poor adult...
Optimal On-Farm Grain Storage by Risk-Averse Farmers
Most previous research on post-harvest grain storage by farmers has assumed risk-neutral behavior and/or made restrictive assumptions about underlying price probability distributions. In this study, we solve the optimal on-farm storage problem for a...
Pesticide Productivity: Of Bugs and Biases
Pesticide productivity is both important and difficult to measure. Typically, pesticide marginal products are estimated without information on the pest pressure. Three theoretical models are developed which suggest absence of such information may cause...
Value Differentiation
American agriculture is shifting from homogeneous commodities to differentiated products. Value differentiation, the process by which agrifood chain actors isolate, match, and exploit heterogeneity in consumer preferences and product attributes, is examined....
Where Is American Agriculture in Its "Life Cycle"?
The increasing globalization of agricultural markets in recent decades appears to be changing the economics of the American production agriculture sector, reducing its economic importance and raising questions about its life cycle. This study contributes...