Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience

Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience is a magazine focusing on Psychology

Articles from Vol. 13, No. 2, June

A Connectionist Model of Category Learning by Individuals with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder
Published online: 9 January 2013© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2013Abstract Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show atypical patterns of learning and generalization. We explored the possible impacts of autism-related neural abnormalities on...
An ERP Investigation of Visual Word Recognition in Syllabary Scripts
Abstract The bimodal interactive-activation model has been successfully applied to understanding the neurocognitive processes involved in reading words in alphabetic scripts, as reflected in the modulation of ERP components in masked repetition priming....
Associations between Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia Reactivity and Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms Are Emotion Specific
Abstract Internalizing and externalizing disorders are often, though inconsistently in studies of young children, associated with low baseline levels of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). RSA is thus considered to reflect the capacity for flexible and...
Blinking Predicts Enhanced Cognitive Control
Abstract Recent models have suggested an important role for neuromodulation in explaining trial-to-trial adaptations in cognitive control. The adaptation-by-binding model (Verguts & Notebaert, Psychological review, 115(2), 518-525, 2008), for instance,...
Can Theories of Visual Representation Help to Explain Asymmetries in Amygdala Function?
Abstract Emotional processing differs between the leftand right hemispheres of the brain, and functional differences have been reported more specifically between the leftand right amygdalae, subcortical structures heavily implicated in emotional processing....
Conflicts as Aversive Signals: Conflict Priming Increases Negative Judgments for Neutral Stimuli
Published online: 10 January 2013© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2013Abstract Botvinick, Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience 7:356-366 (2007) recently suggested that competing theories of the monitoring function of the anterior cingulate...
ERP Evidence on the Interaction between Information Structure and Emotional Salience of Words
Abstract Both emotional words and words focused by information structure can capture attention. This study examined the interplay between emotional salience and information structure in modulating attentional resources in the service of integrating emotional...
ERPs and Morphological Processing: The N400 and Semantic Composition
Abstract Both behavioral and electrophysiological evidence suggests that fluent readers decompose morphologically complex words into their constituent parts. Previous event-related potential (ERP) research has been equivocal with regard to whether the...
Evidence for a Detrimental Relationship between Hypertension History, Prospective Memory, and Prefrontal Cortex White Matter in Cognitively Normal Older Adults
Abstract Hypertension affects many older adults and is associated with impaired neural and cognitive functioning. We investigated whether a history of hypertension was associated with impairments to prospective memory, which refers to the ability to...
Explicit Authenticity and Stimulus Features Interact to Modulate BOLD Response Induced by Emotional Speech
Published online: 13 February 2013© The Author(s) 2013. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.comAbstract Context has been found to have a profound effect on the recognition of social stimuli and correlated brain activation. The...
Human Trace Fear Conditioning: Right-Lateralized Cortical Activity Supports Trace-Interval Processes
Abstract Pavlovian conditioning requires the convergence and simultaneous activation of neural circuitry that supports conditioned stimulus (CS) and unconditioned stimulus (US) processes. However, in trace conditioning, the CS and US are separated by...
Individual Differences in Electrophysiological Responses to Performance Feedback Predict AB Magnitude
Abstract The attentional blink (AB) is observed when report accuracy for a second target (T2) is reduced if T2 is presented within approximately 500 ms of a first target (T1), but accuracy is relatively unimpaired at longer T1-T2 separations. The AB...
Perceived Ownership Impacts Reward Evaluation within Medial-Frontal Cortex
Abstract Ownership is a powerful construct. Indeed, in a series of recent studies, perceived ownership has been shown to increase attentional capacity, facilitate a memorial advantage, and elicit positive attitudes. Here, we sought to determine whether...
Priming Effects on the N400 in the Affective Priming Paradigm with Facial Expressions of Emotion
Abstract We studied the effect of facial expression primes on the evaluation of target words through a variant of the affective priming paradigm. In order to make the affective valence of the faces irrelevant to the task, the participants were assigned...
State-Dependent Changes of Prefrontal-Posterior Coupling in the Context of Affective Processing: Susceptibility to Humor
Abstract The aim of the present study was to examine whether interindividual differences in the coupling or decoupling of prefrontal and posterior cortices during the exposure to social-emotional information may predict an individual's positive emotional...
The Precuneus and the Insula in Self-Attributional Processes
Abstract Attributions are constantly assigned in everyday life. Awell-known phenomenon is the self-serving bias: that is, people's tendency to attribute positive events to internal causes (themselves) and negative events to external causes (other persons/circumstances)....
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