International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 53, No. 2, Spring

A Ban for All Seasons: The Landmines Convention and Its Implications for Canadian Diplomacy
The Ottawa ProcessOn 3-5 December 1997 in Ottawa, representatives from 122 countries signed a convention to eliminate the manufacture, use, and export of anti-personnel landmines. Witnessing them were the secretary-general of the United Nations, Canada's...
Attainable Justice: Elements of a Solution to the Palestinian Refugee Issue
Many difficult and complex issues must be resolved before there can be a just, comprehensive, and final settlement of the question of Palestine and of the Arab-Israeli conflict. The most basic among them is undoubtedly the problem of more than 700,000...
Black Past, Grey Future? A Post-Dayton View of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A Personal Essay Based on the Author's Experience in Bosnia in 1996 and 1997
Before I left for Bosnia in early March, 1996, I did some reading, obtained briefings, and found in the basement an old Serbo-Croatian phrase book. In large print on the cover it said, inaccurately: 'With this book you need never be at a loss when conversing...
[Britain & European Union: Dialogue of the Deaf]
Paul Kennedy has identified a pattern in the histories of the great powers: nations which rise inevitably fall. It is counter-intuitive, but a nation's strength (primarily economic and military) is the cause of its eventual demise. As nations ascend...
[Canada among Nations: 1997 Asia Pacific Face-Off]
Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1997, x, 325pp, $24.95The 13th volume in the venerable Canada Among Nations concentrates on Canada's involvement with a region alternatively conceived of as Asia or Asia Pacific. The focus is a valuable one considering...
Conrad Black Replies [to Two Critiques of His Article in Winter 1997-1998 Issue Taking Canada Seriously]
I wish to thank Andrew Cohen and Geoffrey Pearson for their generally favourable comments on my article in the winter 1997-8 issue. Both writers assert that it is too late for Britain to be attracted to NAFTA, and Cohen writes that I should have proposed...
[Critical Security Studies: Concepts & Cases]
Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997, xxiv, 379ppOnce upon a time, the security studies field was characterized primarily by hard-nosed, mostly male theorists with narrow concerns centring on the dialectics of interstate violence. Technical...
Eleanor Roosevelt, John Humphrey and Canadian Opposition to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Looking Back on the 50th Anniversary of UNDHR
As its fiftieth anniversary approaches, it would be natural to think that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which Eleanor Roosevelt called the Magna Carta of Mankind and Alexander Solzhenitsyn considered one of the United Nations' greatest achievements,...
[Fifty Years On: A Prejudiced History of Britain since the War]
Paul Kennedy has identified a pattern in the histories of the great powers: nations which rise inevitably fall. It is counter-intuitive, but a nation's strength (primarily economic and military) is the cause of its eventual demise. As nations ascend...
International System Stability and American Decline: A Case for Muted Optimism
In the World of International Affairs Punditry, it is both fashionable and profitable to take extreme positions about the future of international relations. What is happening and what will happen in the world, however, is more complex and almost always...
On Being a Positive Force [Reply to Conrad Black's Article Taking Canada Seriously, in Winter 1997-1998 Issue]
Conrad Black (winter 1997-8) wants Canada to be a 'first level power, not just a middle power, and argues that, to be so, we must end the ambiguity about Quebec's future and stop the brain drain to the United States. He is probably right about this,...
[Positive Diplomacy]
Basingstoke & New York: Macmillan/St Martin's, 1997, xvii, 234pp, US$65.00Despite dramatic changes in the international environment, diplomacy as an accompaniment or alternative to other instruments of foreign policy remains a core element in international...
Support for Democratic Development: Sharing Canada's Elections Expertise [Abroad]
This decade has seen a global wave of democratization -- or at least attempts at it -- on an unprecedented scale. In some parts of the world, the trend is rooted in the decay or fall of communism; elsewhere, nations are evolving from single-party to...
Taking Conrad Black Seriously [Reply to Black's Taking Canada Seriously Article in Winter 1997-1998 Issue]
What is most refreshing about Conrad Black's vision of Canada in the world (winter 1997-8) is that he has a vision at all. This alone sets him apart from the political class. Our parochial internationalism imagines Canada abroad as little more than a...
[Thatcher's Diplomacy: The Revival of British Foreign Policy]
Paul Kennedy has identified a pattern in the histories of the great powers: nations which rise inevitably fall. It is counter-intuitive, but a nation's strength (primarily economic and military) is the cause of its eventual demise. As nations ascend...
The Canada-European Union Turbot War: Internal Politics and Transatlantic Bargaining
One of the most serious issues facing coastal states and their distant water counterparts is the exploitation of straddling fish stocks (stocks that span the boundary between a coastal state's 200-mile zone and adjacent international waters). This was...
The Contact Group on (and in) Bosnia: An Exercise in Conflict Mediation
In the spring of 1994 a new actor appeared on the scene in international efforts to mediate the conflict in Bosnia. The Contact Group on Bosnia took up where the Europe Union (EU), the Conference (now Organization) on Security and Co-operation in Europe,...
[The Enigma Spy: An Autobiography]
London: Century, 1997, xix, 203 pp, $34.95John Cairncross, KGB codename 'The Carelian,' was the last but by no means the least of the ring of Soviet spies recruited in the 1930s at Cambridge University. Set against the likes of Kim Philby, Anthony Blunt,...
[Using Europe, Abusing the Europeans: Britain & European Integration, 1945-1963]
Paul Kennedy has identified a pattern in the histories of the great powers: nations which rise inevitably fall. It is counter-intuitive, but a nation's strength (primarily economic and military) is the cause of its eventual demise. As nations ascend...
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