International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 66, No. 3, Summer

Agriculture in the Canada-EU Economic and Trade Agreement
According to article 24 of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), preferential trade arrangements (custom unions) and free trade areas are allowed by the World Trade Organization (WTO). The GATT requires that these agreements cover substantially...
A WORLD ON FIRE: Britain's Crucial Role in the American Civil War
A WORLD ON FIRE Britain's Crucial Role in the American Civil War Amanda Foreman New York: Random House, 2011, 958 pp. US$35.00 cloth. ISBN 9780375504945A World on Fireis a big book on a big subject. This need not be an advantage. Its sheer size puts...
Canada's Credibility as an Actor in the Middle East Peace Process: The Refugee Working Group, 1992-2000
From 1992 to 2000, Canada was intensively involved in the multilateral part of the Middle East peace process as chair of the refugee working group. This involvement, while mostly below the radar in terms of public perception, became a positive element...
Christian Ethics, Actors, and Diplomacy: Mediating Universalist Pretentions
While the theme of this issue of International Journal is the future of diplomacy, indicating new trends and the instantiation of new forms, actors, and issues, the relationship between Christianity and diplomacy is anything but new. Peeling back the...
CONFRONTING THE CHAOS: A Rogue Historian Returns to Afghanistan
CONFRONTING THE CHAOS A Rogue Historian Returns to Afghanistan Sean M. Maloney Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2009. 256 pp, US$34.95 cloth. ISBN 978-1-59114-508-0The first time I met Sean Maloney we were both hunkered down behind a plywood and sandbag...
"Defence Diplomacy" in North-South Relations
In their introduction to this issue of International Journal, Ole Jacob Sending, Vincent Pouliot, and Iver B. Neumann draw a distinction between diplomacy as a category of practice and as a category of analysis. Inquiry cannot remain at the level of...
Diplomats as Permanent Representatives: The Practical Logics of the Multilateral Pecking Order
It is not very well known that the term "pecking order," which foreign policy practitioners often use to talk about the international playing field, was actually coined by Norwegian zoologist Thorleif Schjelderup-Ebbe in 1922 to describe the dominance...
Economists and Diplomacy: Professions and the Practice of Economic Policy
Ministries of foreign affairs, of trade, and of finance are the traditional locations for economic diplomacy between states. This continues to be the case for most states, but it would be an exaggeration to suggest that the organs of economic diplomacy...
INTERNATIONAL SECURITY IN PRACTICE: The Politics of NATO-Russia Diplomacy
INTERNATIONAL SECURITY IN PRACTICE The Politics of NATO-Russia Diplomacy Vincent Pouliot Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010. 282 pp. US$29.99 PaPer· ISBN 978-0-521-12203-0In the first part of this ambitious book, Vincent Pouliot, of McGiIl University,...
JOHN F. KENNEDY: World Leader
JOHN F. KENNEDY World Leader Stephen G. Rabe Washington: Potomac, 2010. 249PP, $60.00 cloth. ISBN 978-1-597971478John F. Kennedy retains an almost unequaled currency in American politics, which makes Stephen G. Rabe's study of his foreign policy, John...
Law and the Practice of Diplomacy
At the boundary where states meet the outside world, we find public diplomacy. Distinct from private negotiation and covert action, diplomacy involves the presentation of the interests and actions of the state to an international audience. It includes...
Neoliberalism and the Rise of the Private Military Industry
In the early 20th century, Georges Clemenceau remarked that war was much too serious a matter to be entrusted to the military. In the early 21st century, it is much too profitable. This turn of history is brought into sharp relief by the wars in Afghanistan...
Now and Then: The "Open Canada" Report in Historical Perspective
The publication of the "Open Canada" report by the Canadian International Council (CIC), subtitled "A global positioning strategy for a networked aged," in June 2010 opened some serious discussion not just in academic circles but in the mainstream media...
Peace and Reconciliation Efforts as Systems-Maintaining Diplomacy: The Case of Norway
The thesis of this article is that resourceful small and medium powers in today's states system, typically western and rich states, are spending more resources on systems maintenance. As preliminaries, and leaning on Henry Kissinger and Adam Watson,...
Policy or Posturing: The US Nuclear Posture Review in an International Context
On 6 April 2010 the long-awaited nuclear posture review report was released, "fulfilling a promise from Prague," as the White House blog proclaimed.1 A year earlier, in Prague, President Barack Obama had pledged that the United States would take concrete...
The Conspiracy That Never Was: The Surprising Lessons of 1891
Few events have imparted a more obvious lesson to future generations than the Canadian "loyalty election" of 1891. For a century it served as a cautionary tale of what became of Canadian politicians foolhardy enough to pursue free trade with the United...
The Future of Diplomacy: Changing Practices, Evolving Relationships
As we enter the 21st century, everybody seems to agree that diplomacy is changing and yet few people can specify exactly how or where it is heading. Since its very inception, International Journal has been a key forum for such discussions. A 1998 exchange...
United by Difference: Diplomacy as a Thin Culture
The last two decades of research on globalization is replete with claims about the power of nonstate actors and the implied demise or transformation of diplomacy.1 Posing the question in these terms, however, begets a more fundamental question: what...
WASHINGTON RULES: America's Path to Permanent War
WASHINGTON RULES America's Path to Permanent War Andrew J. Bacevich New York: Metropolitan Books/Henry Holt, 2010. 286 pp, US$25.00 cloth. ISBN 978-0-8050-9141-0Among leading American foreign policy intellectuals who have emerged during the decade since...

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