International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 60, No. 2, Spring

American Assembly Final Report
RENEWING THE US-CANADA RELATIONSHIPAt the close of their discussions, the participants in the 105th American Assembly on "US-Canada Relations" at Arden House in Harriman, NY, 3-6 February 2005 reviewed as a group a draft of this statement. This statement...
A NAFTA Customs Union: Necessary Step or Distraction?
INTRODUCTIONThe idea of a customs union between Canada, the United States, and Mexico is evoked with some regularity by North American business, political, and academic leaders and commentators. At the highest level, it is Mexican President Vicente Fox...
AT HOME IN THE WORLD: Canada's Global Vision for the 21st Century
AT HOME IN THE WORLD Canada's Global Vision for the 21st Century Jennifer Welsh Toronto: HarperCollms Canada, 2004. 266pp, $32.95 cloth (ISBN 0-00-200665-0)Jennifer Welsh has already made quite a splash with this revisionist look at Canadian foreign...
AT THE GLOBAL CROSSROADS: The Sylvia Ostry Foundation Lectures
AT THE GLOBAL CROSSROADS The Sylvia Ostry Foundation Lectures Sadako Ogata et al. Montreal & Kingston: Institute for Research on Public Policy/McGill-Queen's University Press, 2003. xiv, 105pp, $55.00 cloth (ISBN 0-7735-2637-4), $24.95 paper (ISBN...
Canada and the US: Change and Continuity
President John F. Kennedy once said of Canada and the United States that "geography has made us neighbors. History has made us friends. Economics has made us partners. And necessity has made us allies."All of this is still true today. We have a mature...
Economic Governance in the Age of Globalization
ECONOMIC GOVERNANCE IN THE ACE OF GLOBALIZATION William K. Tabb New York: Columbia University Press, 2004. viii, 52opp, US$69.50 cloth (ISBN 0-231-13154-2), US$29.95 paper (ISBN 0-231-13155-0)The somewhat generic title of this book could be replaced...
Editors' Introduction
We are pleased to collaborate with the American Assembly on this issue of the International Journal devoted to US-Canada relations. The American Assembly was joined in this project, we are also happy to say, by the Canada Institute of the Woodrow Wilson...
Federalism and the Evolving Cross-Border Role of Provincial, State, and Municipal Governments
THE EVOLUTION OF A MODERN BILATERAL RELATIONSHIPIn his introduction to the first American Assembly volume dealing with Canada-US relations, John Sloan Dickey emphasized that "this book aims at a better understanding of the relations in time, place, and...
HELL'S CORNER [an Illustrated History of Canada's Great War]
HELL'S CORNER An Illustrated History of Canada's Great War J. L. Granatstein Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 2004. x, 198pp, $50.00 cloth (ISBN 1-55365-047-6)Judging by what they read, Edwardian Canadians had no particular interest in the world around...
Hubris Is the Handmaiden of Tragedy: Truman's Lesson for Bush
Perhaps it is a good thing that the present war in Iraq has gone so poorly for the American-led coalition. At the time of this writing-and sadly these numbers will seem outdated to the reader-more than 1500 coalition soldiers have fallen in the conflict....
Immigration, Civil Liberties, and National/homeland Security
INTRODUCTIONIn the wake of 9/11, the liberty-security conundrum in Canada and the United States, as in most liberal democratic states, has once again come to the forefront of political life. With the quick passage of antiterrorist legislation,1 both...
Improving Border Management
While the US and Canada are distinctly separate sovereign nations, their security and economic interests coincide and are realistically interconnected. In today's global economy, our two countries are experiencing a deepening reality of economic integration.Confidence...
In Defense of Globalization
IN DEFENSE OF GLOBALIZATION Jagdish Bhagwati New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. xii, 3o8pp, $36.95 cloth (ISBN 019-517025-3)In the flurry of popular and scholarly books addressing the nature and impact of contemporary economic globalization, Jagdish...
Iraq: A Fork in the Road for a Special Relationship?
In his September 2003 address to the United Nations general assembly, Secretary General Kofi Annan warned that the UN charter's legal and institutional framework on the use of military force among states had come to a "fork in the road."1 He asked a...
Is Missile Defence Moral?
INTRODUCTIONOn 17 December 2002, President George W. Bush announced his intention to deploy a missile defence system capable of destroying incoming ballistic weapons of mass destruction (WMDs), thereby sparking in Canada another agonizing debate about...
Jose Manuel Durao Barroso: A Political Scientist in the World of European Union Politics
FROM REVOLUTIONARY ACTIVISM TO ACADEMIC EXCELLENCEThe nomination of José Manuel Durao Barroso to the presidency of the European Commission was regarded as a major surprise by many commentators. The unexpected nomination by the council of the European...
NAFTA and Its Discontents
While the North American free trade agreement (NAFTA) was a major event in Mexico, it was of only sectoral interest in the US and of interest primarily to the free trade community in Canada. The major event in Canada was, of course, the Canada-United...
North American Institutions
The roots run deep between Canada and the United States of America. We had similar origins and aspirations, both leaving an "old world" for a new continent. We were neighbours before we were nations and, while there have been some fierce disagreements,...
North American Oil and Natural Gas: Current Trends, Future Problems?
THE POTENTIALThe United States imports more oil and oil products from Canada than from any other single source. It imports nearly two million barrels of oil per day, three quarters of which is crude oil, placing Canada marginally behind Saudi Arabia...
NOT THE SLIGHTEST CHANCE: The Defence of Hong Kong 1941
NOT THE SLIGHTEST CHANCE The Defence of Hong Kong, 1942 Tony Banham Vancouver: UBC Press, 2003. xx, 43ipp, $85.00 cloth (ISBN 0-7748-1044o), $29.95 paper ( ISBN 0-7748-1045-9)In this work, Tony Banham aims "to write a new type of history-a history based...
PIVOTAL DETERRENCE: Third-Party Statecraft and the Pursuit of Peace
PIVOTAL DETERRENCE Third-Party Statecraft and the Pursuit of Peace Timothy W. Crawford Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003. xii, 279pp, $39.95 cloth (ISBN 08014-4097-1)During the Cold War, deterrence occupied pride of place in the study of international...
Political Culture, Not Values
It has become intellectually fashionable to talk about Canadian values, and to oppose these to values held by other people, especially Americans. Americans and Canadians, as individuals, are said to hold different values from one another, and this is...
Reflections on the Unequal Border
The American Assembly has an exquisite sense of timing. Since 1945, Canada-U S relations have experienced serious spasms of discontent, neatly spaced at ao-year intervals, and the assembly has arranged to be there on each occasion to report on testing...
REGIONALISM, MULTILATERALISM, AND ECONOMIC INTEGRATION: The Recent Experience
REGIONALISM, MULTILATERALISM, AND ECONOMIC INTEGRATION The Recent Experience Edited by Gary P. Sampson and Stephen Woolcock Tokyo and New York: UN University Press, 2003. xiv, 304pp, US$37.95 paper (ISBN 92-808-1083-9)Regional trade agreements (RTA)...
SAINTS, SINNERS AND SOLDIERS: Canada's Second World War
SAINTS, SINNERS, AND SOLDIERS Canada's Second World War Jeffrey A. Keshen Vancouver: UBC Press, 2004. x, 389pp, $45.00 cloth (ISBN 0-7748-0923-X)Jeffrey Keshen should have called his book "Canada's Sleazy Second World War." This is a history that explores...
The Canada-US Environmental Relationship: Calm Waters but Slow Sailing
Toxic substances in the Great Lakes are causing concerns for human health and have shown minimal improvement in the last decade. Degraded air quality in urban areas along the border leads to air pollution alerts. New species introduced in terrestrial...
The Canadian-American North American Defence Alliance in 2005
This will be an important year for the Canadian-American North American defence alliance. There is a re-elected Bush administration in Washington, a new minority government in Canada, a foreign and defence policy review completed in Canada, and informal...
The Changing of the Guard
When President George W. Bush visited Canada in late 2004, he declined an invitation to address parliament and chose instead to give the major speech of his trip in Halifax before an audience of Atlantic Canadians, including provincial premiers, several...
The Future of North America
INTRODUCTIONOn 30 November 2004, the newly re-elected President George W. Bush made his first post-election bilateral visit, arriving in Ottawa for what was also his first official visit as president to his country's largest trading partner. The president's...
The Globalization of Human Rights
THE GLOBALIZATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS Edited by Jean-Marc Coicaud, Michael W. Doyle, and Anne-Marie Gardner Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2003. viii, 208pp, US$20.95 paper (ISBN 92-808-1080-4)Is globalization best characterized as a boon or a bane...
THE IMPACT OF GLOBAL AND REGIONAL INTEGRATION ON FEDERAL SYSTEMS: A Comparative Analysis
THE IMPACT OF GLOBAL AND REGIONAL INTEGRATION ON FEDERAL SYSTEMS A Comparative Analysis Edited by Harvey Lazar, Hamish Telford, and Ronald L. Watts Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queeris University Press, 2003. viii, 378pp, $65.00 cloth (ISBN 1-55339-003-2),...
The Impact of the 2004 Elections on the Canadian-American Relationship
Oh, how different things might have been.In the weeks before the re-election of George W. Bush last November, as the polls suggested the race was a dead heat, Canadians began to entertain the idea of John F. Kerry as the next president of the United...
The Mexicanization of the US-Canada Border: Asymmetric Interdependence in a Changing Security Context
INTRODUCTIONIt is perhaps paradoxical that the prominence of borders and border controls in North America has sharply increased in an era otherwise defined by the breaking down of borders through continental economic integration. Indeed, borders and...
The Relationship: A US Perspective
I want to talk about shared values, and shared goals, and I also want to talk about the global context of much of what Canada and the United States do together. I am not one of those people who believe these two countries are diverging.The fact of the...
The Root Causes of Sudan's Civil Wars
THE ROOT CAUSES OF SUDAN'S CIVIL WARS Douglas H. Johnson Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2003. xx, 234pp, US$54.95 cloth (ISBN 0-253-34213-9), US$24.95 paper (ISBN 0-253-21584-6)Anyone familiar with Douglas Johnson's earlier work will not be surprised...
[THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL: From the Cold War to the 21st Century] [AN INSIDER'S GUIDE TO THE UN] [THE UN'S ROLE IN NATION-BUILDING: From the Congo to Iraq] [A MORE SECURE WORLD: Our Shared Responsibility - Report of the Secretary-General's High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change]
THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL From the Cold War to the 21st Century Edited by David M. Malone Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2004. 740pp, US$65.00 cloth (ISBN 1-58826-215-4), US$29.95 paper (ISBN 1-58826-240-5)AN INSIDER'S GUIDE TO THE UN Linda Fasulo New Haven:...
Transnational Corporations and Human Rights
TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS Edited by Jedrzej George Frynas and Scott Pegg New York: Palgrave Macmillan 2003. xiv, 223pp, US$65.00 cloth (ISBN 0333-98799-3)The concept of global governance is indeed a daunting one. All actors, state and...
UNDERSTANDING MILITARY CULTURE: A Canadian Perspective
UNDERSTANDING MILITARY CULTURE A Canadian Perspective Allan D. English Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queeris University Press, 2004. xvi, igSpp, $65.00 cloth (ISBN 0-7735-2664-1), $27.95 paper (ISBN O-7735-27I5-X)While Canadians take pride in their...
VLADIMIR PUTIN AND THE NEW WORLD ORDER: Looking East, Looking West?
VLADIMIR PUTIN AND THE NEW WORLD ORDER Looking East, Looking West? J. L. Black Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004. xiv, 368pp, US$85.00 cloth (ISBN 0-7425-2965-7), US$36.95 paper (ISBN 0-7425-2966-5)The Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, leaving...
Who's Afraid of the Wto?
WHO'S AFRAID OF THE WTO? Kent Jones New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. xii, 236pp, $48.00 cloth (ISBN 0-19-516616-7)It may have taken an economist to write such a book about the WTO, but certainly the result is something quite useful for any instructor...
Why Globalization Works
WHY GLOBALIZATION WORKS Martin Wolf New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004. xviii, 398pp, $43.50 cloth (ISBN 0-300-10252-6)Give the antiglobalization gaggle their due. After the 1999 "battle in Seattle," mainstream commentators summarily dismissed most...
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