International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 67, No. 2, Spring

Agenda for Peace or Budget for War?
Evaluating the economic impact of international intervention in SomaliaIn 1992 United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali drafted his landmark report, "An agenda for peace," which boldly reasserted the role of the United Nations in the maintenance...
A New Agenda for Peace
20 years laterThis year, 2012, marks the 20th anniversary of Boutros Boutros-Ghali's seminal "An agenda for peace." Penned in response to a request by the United Nations security council to prepare and circulate an "analysis and recommendations on ways...
A Pan-African View of a New Agenda for Peace
What positions would African governments take if a proposal for a new agenda for peace were tabled at the United Nations for discussion and possible adoption in 2012? This article posits that most African states would work collectively through African...
Building on What's Already There
Valuing the local in international peacebuildingTwenty years have passed since the release of Boutros Boutros-Ghali's influential "An agenda for peace." The publication of this document coincided with a rapid expansion in United Nations -mandated complex...
Caught between Two Fires
The St. Lawrence seaway and power project, Canadian-American relations, and linkageThe St. Lawrence seaway and power project, built between 1954 and 1959, was the product of a half century of twisted and tortuous negotiations. It is one of the largest...
Closing Borders and Opening Debate
David Jones begins his position paper ("Open borders and closing threats") with a perfectly reasonable question: "Where do we draw the line on the adage that 'Good fences make good neighbours?'" He then asks, "Do longer, higher, barbed-wire, electrified,...
Does the Elephant Dance?
DOES THE ELEPHANT DANCE? Contemporary Indian Foreign Policy David M. Malone Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. 448PP, /25.00 (cloth) ISBN: 978-0-19-955202-3The growing focus on India's role in global politics is usually interpreted as a further confirmation...
Flying Tiger
FLYING TIGER International Relations Theory and the Politics of Advanced Weapons Ulrich Krotz New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. 251 pp, US$49.95 (doth) ISBN 978-0199759934Why buy one weapon rather than another? To what extent does cost-benefit...
Getting to Zero
GETTING TO ZERO The Path to Nuclear Disarmament Catherine McArdle Kelleher and Judith Reppy, eds. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2011. 404pp. US$27.95 (PaPer)When a friend noticed me reading this book, he tartly observed, "The Americans will...
Global Security Challenges
Proceedings from the first Canada- United States roundtable on international securityCanada and the United States share a close alliance, a long border, and democratic values, but the two countries do not always have the same views on regional and global...
Interpreting Social Disorder
The case of the 1907 Vancouver riotsOn 8 August 2011, civil disorder seemed to be spreading without any effective state intervention in London. For hours, BBC correspondents broadcast shocked commentary live on air as looters broke openly into shops...
Jean Monnet and Canada
JEAN MONNET AND CANADA Early Travels and the Idea of European Unity Trygve U gland Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2011. 109 pp, $29.95 (doth) ISBN 978-1-4426-4310-9Jean Monnet (1888-1979) was not one to let a good crisis go to waste. No surprise,...
Noble Commitments and Harsh Realities
When UN Secretary- General Boutros-Ghali introduced his "Agenda for peace" in 1992, Canadians welcomed the prospect of international commitment to more effective conflict prevention and sustained peacebuilding. Two decades of subsequent experience have...
Open Borders and Closing Threats
Where do we draw the line on the adage that "good fences make good neighbours?" The iconic Robert Frost verse is much quoted, but do longer, higher, barbed-wire, electrified, security-patrolled, and access-controlled fences make for still better neighbours?...
Original Sin, Social Justice, and Citizenship
Lessons from peacebuilding in LiberiaWith two Liberians awarded the Nobel peace prize in 2011 and the country celebrating its second democratic election since the end of its civil war, days of anarchy seem to be in the distant past for Liberia. Yet it...
Promoting Regional Peacemaking
How can Canada and the United States, as well as the international institutions to which they belong, promote peacemaking between rivals in troubled regions? This task is an important one given the high stakes of key regional conflicts, such as those...
(Re)writing Russian History
The Soviet Colossus in retrospectDecember 2 on marked the 20th anniversary of the collapse of the Soviet Union. The "evil empire" and the Cold War disappeared, not with civil strife or the long-feared global conflagration, but suddenly and almost bloodlessly....
The Arab Spring
Opportunities and implicationsThe so-called Arab Spring is one of the most significant sets of events in the Arab Middle East since the end of World War Two. It is likely to unfold over several more years and feature significant realignments within and...
The Challenge of Burden-Sharing
Historically associated with transatlantic discords about the Atlantic alliance, burden-sharing is a term that comes and goes on the policy agenda.1 Last year, Robert Gates made the headlines when he chastised most of his European counterparts for not...
The False Promise of Peacebuilding
Four years after the signing of the 2001 Bonn agreement, which sought to re-establish a state in Afghanistan, American officials voiced unqualified optimism about the country's future. James Dobbins, the former US special envoy, claimed that the agreement...
The Pitfalls of Peacebuilding from Below
Governance promotion and local political processes in postconflict LebanonOne of the important themes in Boutros-Ghali's "Agenda for peace" was the connection between democratic practices at all levels of society and the emergence of true peace and security....
The Rhetoric and Reality of Border Policy Coordination between Canada and the US
In December 2011, Canada and the United States unveiled a joint border policy blueprint, now better known as "beyond the border." The initiative was almost 10 months in the making, following the February 2011 declaration that signalled a new turn in...
The Triumph of the Dark
THE TRIUMPH OF THE DARK European International History 1933-1939 Zara S. Steiner Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. 1248 pp, US$65.00 (cloth) ISBN 978-0199212002With the second and final volume of her study of European international politics between...
Transnational Advocacy Networks and Moral Commitment
The free Tibet campaign meets the Chinese stateThe tale of transnational civil society, as told by a large and growing body of scholarly literature, is typically one of nonstate actors remaking world politics by upsetting conventional notions of power...
US Leadership and the Limits of International Institutional Change
It has become commonplace to bemoan the gap between today's institutional order and the nature and scope of the global problems that fall under its purview. For the order to change, however, one of two things must occur. Either the current powerful backers...

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