International Journal of Action Research

International Journal of Action Research is an academic journal focusing on International Action Research

Articles

Vol. 10, No. 3, 2014

Editorial
Let me introduce this issue by highlighting some aspects that connect us to previous issues of the International Journal of Action Research. The first one is the new publication of the article by Peter Reason, entitled "Justice, Sus- tainability, and...
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Justice, Sustainability, and Participation*
Vice Chancellor, dear friends, thank you for coming.Before I start, I would like offer my appreciations. I am honoured by the University and the School by my professorship. I am grateful to the School of Management for providing a home where I have been...
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Learning from Learning Networks. Experiences of the Finnish Workplace Development Programme
This paper examines the feasibility of a learning networks-based strategy to improve the ability of publicly supported workplace development pro- grammes to produce broad-based and long-term learning effects in work- ing life. After looking at typical...
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Power and Contexts: Some Societal Conditions for Organisational Action Research - Clashes between Economic-Management and Pedagogic-Social Discourses
Based on action research co-operation with a team of teachers at a Social and Healthcare College in Denmark 2012-2013, the article raises the question: What are the conditions for organisational action research projects in a neoliberal context?The article...
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Learning from Community-University Research Partnerships: A Canadian Study on Community Impact and Conditions for Success
This article reflects the growing interest and significant socio-economic contributions culminating from Community-University Research Partnerships (CURP) across Canada. It is based on a series of in-depth interviews conducted with community and university...
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Territorial Development and Action Research: Innovation through Dialogue
James Karlsen & Miren Larrea (2014). Territorial development and action research: Innovation through dialogue Gower Pub Co 2014, pp. 200, ISBN 978-1472409232Reviewed by Ken DoveyThis exquisitely written book explores the possibilities that action...
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Vol. 9, No. 2, 2013

Editorial
All of a sudden, apparently out of nowhere and for reasons that range from the high cost of public transportation to expenditures with soccer stadiums for next year's world cup, protestors have taken to the streets of hundreds of Brazilian cities, large...
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Action Research in the Convergence of Disciplines
Introductory wordsI wish to begin by a personal revelation and a respectful request. Last May 18, at the splendid closing session of the World Congress on ActionResearch, held at the Universidad de La Salle in Bogotá, delegates from Australia, Great...
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A Realistic View of the Participatory Utopia. Reflections on Participation
Participation has become a buzz word in many an economic and social context. This however hides the fact that there is a great variety of different participative practices, both on micro and macro levels, practiced for very different purposes. Sometimes...
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Participation in Social Research: "Quijotism" or Construction of a World View?
Participation has become a buzzword and lost much of its impact. Nevertheless, there are enough arguments to revisit the concept and its use in social research. One of them is that it is part of a tradition of action and participatory research which...
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Workplace Social Dialogue as a Form of 'Productive Reflection'
This paper takes another look at the concept of employee participation in European Workplaces. It does so by combining a review of the research literature and case study material to describe contemporary practice inside enterprises, and documents the...
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The Development of Managerial Competencies: A Collaborative Inquiry into the Practice of Sustainability
This is a work about human and social management of organisations. It is a work focused on managers' reality, in which the interests of various stakeholders are taken into account, and not merely those of shareholders. The work reflects on organisational-level...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, 2013

Participation and Power - Editorial
Among and in contrast to other global trends, there seems to be a worldwide movement towards involvement and participation within multiple social and geographical areas. Participatory Rural Appraisal or Participatory Reflection and Action (PRA) have...
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Participation, Power and Democracy: Exploring the Tensional Field between Empowerment and Constraint in Action Research
The question of how to understand and approach the relationship between participation and power in Action Research is widely contested. Drawing on data and experiences gathered while taking part in a value-creation pilot in Norway (2007-2010), this paper...
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Attempts of a Participatory Approach to Helping Improve the Value and Appreciation of Geriatric Nursing in Germany - Looking at the "Pflege Wert" Project from an Action Research Perspective
All collaborations can be characterised by power and participation and how those forces are distributed within the group. Action Research's distinctive feature is that 'ordinary' people are actively involved in the entire research process, as they are...
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Walking the Talk? A Micro-Sociological Approach to the Co-Production of Knowledge and Power in Action Research
This article is a contribution to the ongoing discussion in reflexive action research about how the 'co' in co-production can be understood in the nexus of epistemology and methodology. We apply a micro-sociological approach together with a Foucauldian...
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Dynamics between Organisational Change Processes and Facilitating Dissensus in Context Inquiring Dialogues
The article examines the dynamics between organisational change processes and facilitating dissensus in a dialogic organisational action research project. The article has two purposes. Firstly, it shows how earlier organisational change processes become...
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Participation and Recognition in Social Research
Latin American participatory research and critical theory of the Frankfurt School are rarely associated with one another, and also have not had effective dialogues that would allow mutual enrichments. This article, however, highlights some elective affinities...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, 2012

Editorial
For several years the EGOS (European Group of Organisation Studies) conference hosted a standing working group on action research. Each year a number of researchers engaged in action research met to discuss their research projects. Although the commonalities...
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Action Research - Applied Research, Intervention Research, Collaborative Research, Practitioner Research, or Praxis Research?
This article relates common ways of conceptualising action research as "intervention", "collaboration", "interactive research", "applied research", and "practitioner research" to a number of different ways of knowing, extracted from the works of Aristotle....
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Action Research and Collaborative Management Research: More Than Meets the Eye?
Action research and collaborative management research emerge from different traditions and each begins from a different foundational position in regard to action and to collaboration. Both are different from the traditional research, evaluative research...
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'I' Is for 'Insider': Practitioner Research in Schools
In this paper we five teachers and teacher educators draw upon our personal classroom experiences in order to explore the definitions, descriptions, and nature of educational practitioner research, what we call teacher research. We highlight the tensions...
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Possible Contributions of Qualimetrics Intervention-Research Methodology to Action Research
The objective of this paper is to present the possible contribution of an innovative method referred to as qualimetrics intervention-research because it helps measuring the impact of action-research processes, not only from a qualitative point of view,...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, 2010

In Memory of Stephen Toulmin
With the death of Stepen Toulmin, one of the major discussants of research and science in the post World War II period is gone. With his treatise on the "Philosophy of Science" from 1953, Toulmin launched, like Kuhn, Feyerabend and others of the same...
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To Our Readers - and to Werner Fricke
As you may already have noticed, IJAR has a new editor-in-chief, Danilo Streck. The editor-in-chief of the first five volumes of IJAR (2005-2009), Werner Fricke, has retired - or rather, he will retire. There is no point in keeping it a secret to our...
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Movements of Feeling and Moments of Judgement: Towards an Ontological Social Constructionism*
What is involved, in practice, coming to a judgement? The Norwegian family therapist, Tom Andersen, characterized himself as "a wanderer and worrier," he was constantly reflecting on his ways of 'going on', on his own practice, to further develop and...
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Scientific Knowledge through Involvement - How to Do Respectful Othering*
The theme of this article is how we as social scientists can research others through involvement, and develop true knowledge about the other without "othering" them, that is, not objectifying them or making them an instrument in our research, but rather...
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Models of Capitalism in Europe: Towards the Return of the State?*
The present economic crisis has sparked a new debate in a wider political and academic public about the role of the state in advanced capitalist societies. The paper discusses this issue in a comparative perspective: How have different models of capitalism...
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The Strategic Use of Temporary Agency Work - Functional Change of a Non-Standard Form of Employment
Using data from the German case, the paper examines a new form of client firms' utilization of temporary agency work that is distinctly different from traditional forms responding to production problems. Client firms, particularly from manufacturing,...
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Relational Being. beyond Self and Community
Kenneth J. Gergen: Relational Being. Beyond Self and Community Oxford University Press, Oxford 2009, $ 45.00, pp. 448, ISBN 978-0-19-530538-8While the belief in the power of science, even in the social field, reached a peak in the period after World...
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Vol. 5, No. 3, 2009

How to Generate Knowledge from Single Case Research on Innovation?
The article starts with some specifications of the question raised in its title. These specifications makes clear that in practice this is a question of providing some partial, supplementary knowledge which is useful for those who are involved in processes...
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The Next Generation of National R&D Programmes in Norway: Consequences for Action Research and Regional Development
This paper examines the impact of a new national R&D programme in Norway, Programme for Regional Innovation and R&D (VRI), which uses action research (AR) to facilitate innovation-oriented collaboration between regional industry, R&D and...
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Learning along with Participatory Action Research - A Finnish Perspective
Many definitions of action research, especially of participatory action research, include the idea of learning as one core result of the interventions. These definitions cover the learning of all people involved, and present an interesting learning challenge...
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Instead of Managerialism: From What Goes on Inside Our Heads to What Our Heads (and Bodies) Go on Inside of - the World between Us
Theodore Taptiklis is a former McKinsey & Company consultant who, over the course of a 40 year career in business and organizations, undertook a wide variety of roles, including board member, senior executive, strategist and change manager, business...
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Doing Action Research in Your Own Organisation
David Coghlan and Teresa Brannick (2009): Doing Action Research in Your Own Organisation Sage, London 2010, (3rd edition), $ 44.95, euro 27.99 (amazon), pp. 184, Paperback ISBN: 9781848602168Reviewed by Richard EnnalsThis new edition of a popular text,...
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Vol. 4, No. 1/2, 2008

Editorial
This issue deals with the problem of learning, mainstreaming and development between work reform programmes over different generations.For decades the field of state financed work life programmes has been characterized by a lot of open questions: Are...
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Learning from Workplace Development Initiatives: External Evaluations versus Internal Understandings
In efforts to promote new forms of work organization, the use of exemplary cases and the notion of best practices have played a key role. There are, however, major problems associated with diffusing experience from such sources to new workplaces. To...
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In Search of Missing Links in Disseminating Good Practice - Experiences of a Work Reform Programme in Finland
This article examines learning and good practice dissemination in the light of the evolution and experience of the Finnish Workplace Development Programme (TYKES), which has been running from 1996 in Finland, and will complete its third term in 2009....
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Building Better Programmes: Learning Networks in the Promotion of Workplace Innovation
This paper starts by providing a generic conceptual framework to improve understanding of critical success factors for the social effectiveness of programmes that promote workplace innovation. Thereafter, the paper shows how this framework can be applied...
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Why Is Learning from National Working Life Programmes Not a Matter of Course?
Public policy programmes in the field of working life reforms may be needed, but they cannot do more than supplement the genuine dynamics of the working life. They can influence people's perceptions of the problems and the work forms applied in organizing...
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Regional Strategies to Meet Globalization: How Single Plants Innovate Together to Remain Viable and Secure Employment. the Grenland Industrial Cluster and Telemark1
The article outlines the background and action research strategy followed in a large scale development project in the Telemark region SW of Oslo. The project is a part of a national, tripartite, R&D programme, "Value Creation 2010", which started...
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Satirical and Romantic Stories about Organisational Change. Actor Network Theory and Action Research1
In this article different perspectives on organisational change are analysed using Hayden White's genre categories: romance, comedy, tragedy and satire. White maintains that a "story" is not determined by data, events or the particular case, nor by the...
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When Shall We Meet Again? an Overview on the International 'Insightful Encounters' Conference, 5th-7th March 2008 in Porvoo, Finland
The conference entitled 'Insightful Encounters - Regional Development and Practice-Based Learning' gathered together 100 participants, including researchers, lecturers, students and entrepreneurs and other practitioners, representing twelve countries,...
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Marianne Kristiansen, Joergen Bloch-Poulsen (2005): Midwifery and Dialogue in Organizations - Emergent Mutual Involvement in Action Research
Marianne Kristiansen, Joergen Bloch-Poulsen (2005): Midwifery and Dialogue in Organizations Emergent Mutual Involvement in Action Research Rainer Hampp Verlag, München & Mering 2005, 297 pp., euro 29.80, ISBN 3879889937Reviewed by Olav EikelandHow...
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Lothar Hack, Unter Mitarbeit Von Irmgard Hack (2007): Wie Globalisierung Gemacht Wird. ein Vergleich der Organisationsformen Und Konzernstrategien Von General Electric Und Thomson/Thales
Lothar Hack, unter Mitarbeit von Irmgard Hack (2007): Wie Globalisierung gemacht wird. Ein Vergleich der Organisationsformen und Konzernstrategien von General Electric und Thomson/Thaies Edition Sigma, Berlin 2007, 518 pp., euro 29.90 ISBN 9783894045487Reviewed...
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Vol. 3, No. 3, 2007

Editorial
It is one of the central aims of this journal to enlarge and intensify the discourse within the wide field of Action Research. Following the previous issue on diversity of action research (IJAR 3 (2), 2007) we therefore publish the present issue on "Interactive...
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Introduction - on Interactive Research
This article is an introduction to the special issue on interactive research. A short presentation is made of the different articles. A background to the growing interest in interactive research is presented, and some differences and similarities with...
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Interactive Research - an Attempt to Analyse Two Change Programmes
This article describes and discusses an interactive research approach, and illustrates this approach by presenting two examples of national change projects. Our aim in presenting these two examples is to demonstrate how interactive research can be conducted...
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It's Being Close That Makes It Possible to Accept Criticism!
A central question for a researcher with interactive ambitions is to what extent the research concerned can support development at the same time as distance and a critical attitude are maintained. In this article I will show how the interactive research...
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Mobilising and Nurturing Collaboration in Research - the Value of a Focused Imagination1
Establishing and nurturing contacts are important and time-consuming elements of interactive research. It is usually the researcher who has to establish and nurture collaboration with practitioners - a task that is not normally part of traditional research....
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Improving Learning Capabilities: A Case Study of an Independent Research Unit in Interaction with the Local Community
The focus of this study is on interaction between local public administration, businesses and universities in a Triple Helix. The paper presents experiences from an independent research organization set up to further regional development, where doctoral...
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Other Sides of the Coin. A Feminist Perspective on Robustness in Science and Knowledge Production
Driving forces behind the occurrence of either paradigm shifts in science, or the development of new orientations within science, are often linked to demands for an increased validity or reliability in knowledge production in science. With this as a...
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Vol. 3, No. 1/2, 2007

On the Diversity of Action Research
IWhen reading accounts of action research projects, we may now and then notice the use of the expression "as an action researcher I ..." or, in plural "as action researchers we...". This expression is most often used as part of an explanation or justification...
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Relational and Existential Challenges of Practicing Dialogic Action Research - Working with Social Concrete Blocks in Organizations
The article illustrates that there seems to be a fairly large distance between action research ideals of dialogue, democracy, participation, and involvement and the actual challenges we have met when practicing dialogic action research in hierarchical...
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Editorial
On behalf of the editors, I want to thank the authors very much who contributed to this special IJAR issue on the diversity of action research. They have helped us to compile a volume full of rich experiences and promising action research perspectives....
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Why Should Mainstream Social Researchers Be Interested in Action Research?
The essay tries to argue why conventional researchers are obliged as researchers to be interested in certain forms of action research. The 60 years of ignorance have been illegitimate. The essay starts by listing two commonly encountered arguments paraphrasing...
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Pragmatic Action Research*
AR is not just one more social science "method"; it is a fundamentally different way of conducting research and social change work together. Participation in AR is not just a moral value but essential to successful AR because the complexities of the...
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Research Responses to Practical Challenges: What Can Action Research Contribute?
During the last decade a major practical turn in research in general has been identified and made subject to discussion. One consequence is a growing interest in what action research can offer in this context. It is a mistake to assume that action research...
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With What Kind of Science Should Action Research Be Contrasted?
Action research is often criticized for not being properly based in objective facts or for not formulating testable theories, in short, for not being properly scientific. But with what kind of science should it be contrasted? Hanson (1958) distinguishes...
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Action Research as an Enhancement of Natural Problem Solving
I think of action research as an extension of a natural approach to problem solving. Faced with a novel situation we often first investigate. We then develop an intention to act, and carry it out. We notice if it worked. Action research similarly cycles...
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Reflections from an Action Researcher: Why We Do What We Do
My reflections from the field are shared in an effort to assist others. I commence by describing a social problem that was the focus of an action research project. I then articulate the paradigmatic, methodological and method choices made. I share extracts...
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Research and Social Transformation: Notes about Method and Methodology in Participatory Research
This text is a contribution to methodological reflection on research, based on the experience of a research team who explored various aspects of the participatory budget in the State of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil). It is situated within the context of...
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The Sage Handbook of Evaluation
Shaw, Ian F. / Greene, Jennifer C. / Mark, Melvin M. (Eds.) (2006): The Sage Handbook of Evaluation Sage, 2006, 608 pp. Hardcover, £85.00 / $130.00 /euro 108.90 (amazon.de) ISBN 978-0-7619-7305-8Reviewed by Thomas WidmerThis handbook is certainly an...
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Making Space for Difference: The CARPP Approach to Action Research
At the Centre for Action Research in Professional Practice (CARPP), action research is embodied in a distinctive way that is eclectic and varied yet thematically coherent and values-based. This paper offers an articulation of this approach, using an...
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Vol. 2, No. 3, 2006

General Reflections on How to Practice and Train for Action Research
There is much uncertainly about action research (AR) in the academic social science debate; that's why critical comments on AR are often uninformed. One of the main reasons for these deficits is the lack of training opportunities at universities.The...
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Constructive Practice and Critical Theory: The Contribution of Action Research to Organisational Change and the Discourse on Organisations
This article presents a new perspective on the question of how action research may contribute to improving the discourse on organisations. The three first sections deal mainly with some important features of action research, following from action research...
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Learning Organisation and the Process of Regionalisation
Concepts like Taylorism, lean production and learning organisation draw attention to the point that work organisation can appear in different forms and it is generally recognised that different conditions tend to produce different forms. Still, there...
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Building Socially Responsive Curricula through Emancipatory Action Research: International Contexts
Two educators - one in USA and the other in Brazil - explore the possibilities and challenges for building socially responsive curricula through emancipatory action research. Habermas' works on Theory of Communicative Action and Knowledge and Human Interests...
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Varieties of Unionism. Strategies for Union Revitalization in a Globalizing Economy
Carola Frege & John Kelly (eds.): Varieties of Unionism. Strategies for Union Revitalization in a Globalizing Economy Oxford: University Press 2004, 215 pp., £ 60.-, ISBN 0 19 927014 7Reviewed by Catharina SchmalstiegStrategies of union renewal and...
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The International Importance of Swedish Research on Work, Organization, and ICT - for the Development of Competitiveness and Societal Welfare
The new Swedish centre-right government has proposed that Arbetslivsinstitutet, the National Institute for Working Life (NIWL), shall be suddenly closed down beginning January 1.The NIWL has contributed substantially to the world's body of critical knowledge...
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Vol. 2, No. 2, 2006

Editorial
This issue is of special interest for any action research debate, as the four papers published here represent a broad range of organizational development concepts and practices between action research and consultancy. In the days of the present journal's...
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Dilemmas of Action Research - an Introduction
Today, the concept of action research covers a wide range/variety of approaches. Common for most of them is that the task of making new knowledge becoming useful in order to create new, better practices, is considered of equal importance as the creating...
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Participatory Rural Appraisal: Lessons for Countries in the North?
This paper describes and analyses various perspectives on participatory rural appraisal and the relationship between its rhetoric and practice, particularly regarding its claims to give voice to the marginalised and contribution to development needs....
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Involvement as a Dilemma. between Dialogue and Discussion in Team Based Organizations
This article describes an ongoing action research project in a public administration department working towards a more flat structure characterized by value-based management, team organization, and involvement.The article presents involvement as a multidimensional...
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Research on Collaboration in Action
In this paper I will focus on the psychological dynamics of multiparty collaboration, illustrated by two projects in which I have been engaged. First I describe what I mean by multiparty collaboration. Next, I outline the principles of designing and...
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Shaping Communities of Work, an Organisational Development Approach
In order to survive in a turbulent environment many organisations have to operate as an open system. This open system often has the configuration of a network. This networked organisation acts as a community of work. This community of work is based upon...
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Vol. 2, No. 1, 2006

The Responsibility of Governing and the Changes in the Workers' Party of Brazil
This article analyzes the trajectory of the Workers' Party (PT - Partido dos Trabalhadores) in Brazil, emphasizing the three points in time that most marked its history: its origin and initial proposals as an ideological oriented socialist party, the...
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The Increasing Precariousness of the Employment Society: Driving Force for a New Right Wing Populism?
The text deals with the relations between the precariousness of employment relations and right-wing populist orientations. On the basis of qualitative empirical material it sketches a right-wing populist system of axioms that - if it is consolidated...
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Phrónêsis, Aristotle, and Action Research
This article presents an interpretation of Aristotelian phrónêsis and its relevance for action research. After pointing out some insufficiencies in how phrónêsis is applied by other interpreters with relevance for action research, I present my own interpretation...
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The Scale of Participation: From Municipal Public Budget to Cities' Conference
The essay is intended to contribute for a better understanding of the process of creating a healthy public realm through citizen participation. The empirical reference is the participatory budget as developed in the city of Porto Alegre (Brazil) since...
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Forces of Labour. Workers' Movements and Globalization since 1870
Silver, Beverly J. (2003): Forces of Labour. Workers' Movements and Globalization since 1870 Cambridge University Press 2003, 238 pages, 25,90 euro, ISBN 0 521 52077 0[deutsch: Forces of Labour. Arbeiterbewegungen und Globalisierung seit 1870. Assoziation...
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Wissen, Macht Und Organisation. Internationalisierung Industrieller Forschung Und Entwicklung - ein Fallvergleich
Hack, Lothar / Hack, Irmgard (2005): Wissen, Macht und Organisation. Internationalisierung industrieller Forschung und Entwicklung - ein Fallvergleich Berlin: edition sigma, 403 pages, ISBN 3-89404-532-9[Knowledge, Power, and Organization. Internationalization...
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Vol. 1, No. 3, 2005

Innovation and Action Research
In the Western economies there is a growing focus on innovation as the key to economic growth. In spite of its orientation towards transcending the given, and creating something new, action research has so far played a limited role as a resource in innovation....
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Action Research and the Study of Human Being
Despite the openness of action research to engage with several philosophical movements from the 20th century, there does not seem to be as much engagement with existentialist thought. I try to point out and further articulate certain affinities that...
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Information and Its Uses in Medical Practice: A Critical Interrogation of IT Plans and Visions in Health Care
This article is concerned with technology driven IT plans and visions in health care, and their interferences with medical practices and uses of information. Drawing on fieldwork from a study of the implementation of an electronic patient record in a...
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Bridging the Gap between Collaborative and Realist Evaluation: A General Critique and Case Study of European Union Employment Policies
After first establishing the need for a reflexive approach to evaluation, the article focuses on the theoretical breakthrough of the 'fourth generation' evaluation paradigm proposed by Guba and Lincoln (1989). This is seen as having much to offer, but...
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Vol. 1, No. 2, 2005

Action Research to Improve the Human Condition: An Insider-Outsider and a Multi-Methodology Design for Actionable Knowledge Outcomes*
The purpose of this manuscript is to share the development of an action research project that utilized different methodological perspectives for different stages of the project. I begin with a brief overview of the substantive orientations of the project,...
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Inside Processes: Transitory Understandings, Action Guiding Anticipations, and Withness Thinking*
To talk and to think, not about process, but in relation to it, is not easy. Many brilliant writers and thinkers in the recent past have helped us to think about process from the outside, about processes that we merely observe as happening 'over there',...
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Labor and Regional Development in the U.S.A.: Building a High Road Infrastructure in Buffalo, New York*
In a country where worker representatives lack broadly institutionalized roles as "social partners," how can they play a constructive role in solving the problems of regional development? In Buffalo, New York, regularized, labor-inclusive procedures...
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Building Capacity for Learning and Change through Reflective Conversation
Conversation is central to the process of organizational learning and change. Drawing on the notion of reflective conversation, we describe an action research project, "learning through listening" in Omega, a residential healthcare organization. In this...
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Vol. 1, No. 1, 2005

Introduction - Participatory Research
This issue contains texts on participation and research in Latin America. Sometimes the emphasis is laid more on participation, sometimes on research, but both are always together. What unites all the texts is the assumption that the process of getting...
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"One Sows the Seed, but It Has Its Own Dynamics": An Interview with Orlando Fals Borda
This interview deals with the issue of Participatory Action Research (PAR) in the life of Orlando Fals Borda from its beginnings in the sociological investigation of the land problem in Colombia, through social organizations and political participation,...
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To Our Readers
Many of you may have asked yourselves, why you have not yet not received the 2005 first issue of "Concepts and Transformation" (CAT). The reason is: CAT will not be continued as before. We have changed our publisher, and will publish the "International...
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Participatory Research and Participation in Research. A Look between Times and Spaces from Latin America
We acknowledge that participatory research existed in the past, and exists today within different traditions. We acknowledge the gestation of a "Latin American tradition" based on the pioneering experience of Orlando Fals Borda and Paulo Freire. This...
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Research as Political-Pedagogical Mediation. Reflections Based on the Participatory Budget
This article analyzes research as political-pedagogical mediation in constituting citizenship, having as a reference the Participatory Budget process of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil). It verifies how, through a participative methodology, the researcher...
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A Participatory Citizen Consultation: The Case of the State of Michoacán, Mexico
This article discusses the process of construction of "critical citizenship" in the state of Michoacán, Mexico, since 2002. After the anthropologist Lázaro Cárdenas Batel, the candidate of the PRD (Party of the Democratic Revolution), took office as...
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Insertion of Action-Research in the Context of Continued University Education
This text discusses the use of participatory methodologies and, especially, action-research, in the context of continued university education at Brazilian universities. Guided by these methodologies, the continued education projects present investigative...
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Reconstructing a Participatory Process in the Production of Knowledge: A Concept and a Practice1
This is a reflection on the knowledge production process based on participatory approaches, highlighting experiences in the field of evaluative research. The article emphasizes the contribution that can be offered by this modality of investigation to...
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