Japanese Journal of Religious Studies

Japanese Journal of Religious Studies is a magazine focusing on Japanese Religious Studies

Articles

Vol. 39, No. 2, 2012

The Tale of the Handcart Priest
At a time in the not-so-distant past, there was once a venerable Zen priest. Following in the steps of the reverend Bodhidharma, patriarch of the west,1 he passed more than thirty years in diligent study, straining his eyes by the light of fireflies...
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The Discipline of Writing: Scribes and Purity in Eighth-Century Japan
This article focuses on ritualized scribal practices in eighth-century Japan. It uses colophons, scriptorium documents, and narrative tales to explore how sutra copyists upheld vegetarian diets, performed ablutions, wore ritual garments, and avoided...
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Buddhist Debate and the Production and Transmission of Shogyo in Medieval Japan
Medieval scholar-monks produced and transmitted a massive body of texts known as sacred works or shogyo. This article focuses on the Todaiji monk Sosho (1202-1278), who produced almost five hundred texts. How and for what purposes did a scholar-monk...
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"The Matter of the Zen School": Fukansai Habian's Myotei Mondo and His Christian Polemic on Buddhism
Japan's Christian Century (1549-1650) was not only marked by ascending and waning political fortunes, but also by polemical ones. Both the polemical apogee and nadir came from the hand of one man, Fukansai Habian, a former Zen monk who, as an enthusiastic...
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A Blueprint for Buddhist Revolution: The Radical Buddhism of Seno'o Giro (1889-1961) and the Youth League for Revitalizing Buddhism
In the early decades of the twentieth century, as Japanese society became engulfed in war and increasing nationalism, the majority of Buddhist leaders and institutions capitulated to the status quo. One notable exception to this trend, however, was the...
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Battling Tengu, Battling Conceit: Visualizing Abstraction in the Tale of the Handcart Priest
The sixteenth- or early seventeenth-century Tale of the Handcart Priest tells of an eccentric Zen practitioner's encounter with the legendary Tarobo, a tengu of Mt. Atago who is attracted to the priest because of the priest's excessive pride. This article...
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Spiritual Therapies in Japan
As the media-driven "spiritual boom" that hit Japan in the last decade starts to fade away, the therapies that this phenomenon popularized among fans of everything termed "spiritual" continue to be carried out in small circles of practitioners and their...
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Bonds of the Dead: Temples, Burial, and the Transformation of Contemporary Japanese Buddhism
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Mark Michael Rowe, Bonds of the Dead: Temples, Burial, and the Transformation of Contemporary Japanese Buddhism Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011. 256 pages. Cloth $91.00; paper $29.00; e-book...
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Overcoming Modernity and the Kyoto School: Modernity, Empire, and Universality
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Sakai Naoki ... and Isomae Jun'ichi ..., eds., Overcoming Modernity and the Kyoto School: Modernity, Empire, and Universality ... Tokyo: Ibunsha, 2010. 368 pages. ¥3,780. isbn 978-4-7531-0285-3.This volume...
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Celebrity Gods: New Religions, Media, and Authority in Occupied Japan
Benjamin Dorman, Celebrity Gods: New Religions, Media, and Authority in Occupied Japan Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2012. 304 pages. Cloth, $42.00. isbn 978-0-8248-3621-4.Celebrity Gods is the result of Benjamin Dorman's many years of research...
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IN MEMORIAM: Jan SWYNGEDOUW (1935-2012)
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Jan Swyngedouw and I met for the first time in the spring of 1966 when we were both accepted into the doctoral program at the University of Tokyo. As fellow students, we sat side by side in many Religious...
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Vol. 39, No. 1, 2012

Hikari No Wa: A New Religion Recovering from Disaster
In March 2007 Joyu Fumihiro, ex-spokesperson of Aum Shinrikyo and exrepresentative of Aleph, set up a new religious organization called Hikari no Wa (literally "Circle of Light") with around two hundred members. Hikari no Wa strongly and publicly rejects...
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Scholarly Reactions to the Aum and Waco Incidents
This article investigates some scholarly reactions towards the Aum incident of March 1995 and the incident of 1993 involving the Branch Davidians in Waco, Texas. The Waco incident began on 28 February 1993 with an armed exchange in which four federal...
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Globally Aum: The Aum Affair, Counterterrorism, and Religion
Aum's activities have had a global impact on counterterrorism thinking. Its use of chemical and biological weapons caught the attention of policy makers and security forces globally, and Aum became a seminal influence on the way security and government...
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Vol. 38, No. 2, 2011

A Hybrid Form of Spirituality and the Challenge of a Dualistic Gender Role: The Spiritual Quest of a Woman Priest in Tendai Buddhism
This article is an examination of the unconventional spiritual exploration that one woman, a priest of the Tendai School, engaged in from her twenties into her fifties. It follows her conflicts regarding her spiritual quest and gender roles, and further...
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Japanese Philosophy: A Sourcebook
James W. Heisig, Thomas P. Kasulis, and John C. Maraldo, eds., Japanese Philosophy: A Sourcebook Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2011. xviii + 1341 pages. Paper, $35.00. isbn 978-0-8248-3618-4.Japanese Philosophy: A Sourcebook is no doubt the...
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Cahiers d'Extrême-Asie, No 18, 2009: Shugendo: L'histoire et la Culture D'une Religion Japonaise [Shugendo: The History and Culture of a Japanese Religion]
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Bernard Faure, D. Max Moerman, and Gaynor Sekimori, eds., Cahiers d'Extrême-Asie, N° 18, 2009: Shugendo: l'histoire et la culture d'une religion japonaise [Shugendo: The History and Culture of a Japanese...
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Immigrants to the Pure Land: The Modernization, Acculturation, and Globalization of Shin Buddhism, 1898-1941
Michihiro Ama, Immigrants to the Pure Land: The Modernization, Acculturation, and Globalization of Shin Buddhism, 1898-1941 Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2011. xiv + 311 pages. Cloth, $47.00. isbn 978-0-8248-3438-8.It is well known that the...
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Issei Buddhism in the Americas
Duncan Ryuken Williams and Tomoe Moriya, eds., Issei Buddhism in the Americas Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2010. 216 pages. Cloth, $70.00; paper, $25.00. isbn 978-0-252-03533-3 (cloth); 978- 0-252-07719-7 (paper).This volume joins a growing...
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Critical Buddhism: Engaging with Modern Japanese Buddhist Thought
James Mark Shields, Critical Buddhism: Engaging with Modern Japanese Buddhist Thought Farnham, Surrey, and Burlington VT: Ashgate, 2011. x + 206 pages. Cloth, £50.00. isbn 978-1-4094-1798-9.In recent decades the study of literature and philosophy has...
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Vol. 38, No. 1, 2011

The Birth of Orientalism
Urs App, The Birth of Orientalism Philadelphia and Oxford: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010. xviii + 550 pp. 20 illustrations. Cloth, us$79.95/£52.00. isbn 978- 0-8122-4261-4.This absorbing and richly researched book is a close study of Europe's...
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Weaving and Binding: Immigrant Gods and Female Immortals in Ancient Japan
Michael Como, Weaving and Binding: Immigrant Gods and Female Immortals in Ancient Japan Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2009. xxi + 306 pp. Hardcover, us$48.00. isbn 978-0-8248-2957-5.In Weaving and Binding, as in his first book, Shotoku: Ethnicity,...
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The Kyoto School's Takeover of Hegel: Nishida, Nishitani, and Tanabe Remake the Philosophy of Spirit
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Peter Suares, The Kyoto School's Takeover of Hegel: Nishida, Nishitani, and Tanabe Remake the Philosophy of Spirit Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2010. 238 pp. Cloth, $65.00. isbn 0-7391-4688-2/978-0-7391-4688-0.Suares's...
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Le Vieil Homme Qui Vendait Du Thé: Excentricité et Retrait Du Monde Dans le Japon Du XVIIIe Siècle
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)François Lachaud, Le vieil homme qui vendait du thé: Excentricité et retrait du monde dans le Japon du XVIIIe siècle (Les conférences de l'École Pratique des Hautes Études 4) Paris: Les Éditions du Cerf,...
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Vocabulaire Du Bouddhisme Japonais, Tome I-Tome II
Frédéric Girard, Vocabulaire du bouddhisme japonais, Tome i-Tome ii [Hautes Études Orientales-Extrême-Orient no.45] Genève: Librairie droz, 2008. xiii+1658 pp. Paperback, $120.00. isbn 978-2-600-01228-7; isbn 987-2-600-01191-4 (i); isbn 987-2- 600-01192-1...
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Vol. 37, No. 2, 2010

The Land-Pulling Myth and Some Aspects of Historic Reality
Izumo fudoki describes Izumo Province, situated in today's Shimane Prefecture and facing the Japan Sea. It is the oldest surviving Japanese text compiled by aristocrats from a region, hence giving us unique information about a Japanese province during...
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Changing the Calendar: Royal Political Theology and the Suppression of the Tachibana Naramaro Conspiracy of 757
In the aftermath of the suppression of the Tachibana Naramaro conspiracy of 757, the Empress Koken ("Koken/Shotoku Tenno") issued two edicts articulating the royal political theology of the time. The first edict was a senmyo, inscribed in the Shoku Nihongi...
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Gods, Buddhas, and Organs: Buddhist Physicians and Theories of Longevity in Early Medieval Japan
This article examines medical works aimed at nourishing life and promoting longevity composed or compiled by Buddhist priests in early medieval Japan, focusing on the Choseiryoyoho and the Kissayojoki. These texts provide an especially useful aperture...
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Dancing as If Possessed: A Coming out Party in Edo Spirit Society
The nineteenth-century nativist Hirata Atsutane's desire to discover information about his theorized supernatural Other World of kami and other spirits was fulfilled through his leading conversations with the so-called tengu apprentice Torakichi. This...
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Geopolitical Mission Strategy: The Case of the Unification Church in Japan and Korea
Japan presents a useful case for studying new religious movements and their development of public relations and growth strategies, not only because there are large numbers of new religious movements in Japan, but also for the presence of controversial...
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Resurrecting the Sacred Land of Japan: The State of Shinto in the Twenty-First Century
This article explores a subject overlooked in both Japanese and non-Japanese scholarship, namely the state of Shinto in twenty-first century Japan. It addresses Shinto from the perspective of the Shinto establishment, and adopts a material approach,...
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Social Behavior and Religious Consciousness among Shin Buddhist Practitioners
The doctrinal intricacies related to the teaching of other-power and the absence of precepts in Shin Buddhism have not traditionally prevented the development of a distinctive ethic and forms of social interaction. The data from a survey conducted by...
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Vol. 36, No. 2, 2009

Editors' Introduction: Vernacular Buddhism and Medieval Japanese Literature
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)In March of 2008, the Department of Asian Languages and Civilizations at the University of Colorado, Boulder, hosted a small interdisciplinary conference titled "Illustrating the Dharma: Popular Buddhism...
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Illustrating the Mind: "Faulty Memory" Setsuwa and the Decorative Sutras of Late Classical and Early Medieval Japan
This article explores the overlap between descriptions of sutra devotion that appear in setsuwa narratives and graphic traditions of sutra decoration popular in classical and medieval Japan, particularly from the eleventh century onward. Drawing on material...
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Animating Objects: Tsukumogami Ki and the Medieval Illustration of Shingon Truth
Tsukumogami are animate household objects. An otogizoshi ("companion tale") titled Tsukumogami ki ("Record of tool specters"; Muromachi period) explains that after a service life of nearly one hundred years, utsuwamono or kibutsu (containers, tools,...
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The Record of Tool Specters
TRANSLATION(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)According to Miscellaneous Records of Yin and Yang,1 after a span of one hundred years, utsuwamono or kibutsu ... (containers, tools, and instruments) receive souls and trick people. They are...
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Wine, Rice, or Both? Overwriting Sectarian Strife in the Tendai Shuhanron Debate
This article examines the Shuhanron emaki (The illustrated scroll of the wine and rice debate) as not only a reflection of late Muromachi-period cultural trends, but also a reworking of its sixteenth-century historical setting. The work ostensibly features...
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Hachikazuki: Revealing Kannon's Crowning Compassion in Muromachi Fiction
The corpus of late-medieval Japanese fiction contains various stories about the benefits and favors obtained through devotion to the bodhisattva Kannon. One of these stories is Hachikazuki, which features a young heroine who, following her parents' prayers,...
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Tonsuring the Performer: Image, Text, and Narrative in the Ballad-Drama Shizuka
This essay explores the portrayal of the famous shirabyoshi dancer Shizuka in an illustrated, hand-copied book (nara ehon) dating from the late sixteenth century. The text for the nara ehon, taken from a somewhat earlier ballad-drama (kowakamai), describes...
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Officials of the Afterworld: Ono No Takamura and the Ten Kings of Hell in the Chikurinji Engi Illustrated Scrolls
Takamurayama Chikurinji engi emaki is a two-scroll emaki preserved at Chikurinji, a Shingon temple in Nyuno, Hiroshima prefecture, and dated to the Muromachi period. The first scroll of Chikurinji engi begins with the story of the founding of the temple...
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Demonology and Eroticism Islands of Women in the Japanese Buddhist Imagination
The demonic female, an object of male anxiety and desire, has long been a stock character in Japanese Buddhist literature. This article examines two female realms in the Japanese literary and visual imagination: Rasetsukoku, a dreaded island of female...
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Vol. 36, No. 1, Winter

The Adventures of a Japanese Monk in Colonial Korea: Soma Shoei's Zen Training with Korean Masters
The Japanese Buddhist view of Korean Buddhism from 1877 to 1945 abounded with colonialist and imperialistic rhetoric. Japanese Buddhist missionaries declared that Korean Buddhism should be reformed and revitalized under their guidance. With this mindset,...
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Researching Place, Emplacing the Researcher: Reflections on the Making of a Documentary on a Pilgrimage Confraternity
This essay reflects on the roles of the researcher, gender, place, and nostalgia in the making of an ethnographic documentary film on a contemporary pilgrimage confraternity. Every year the group visits Oyama, a sacred mountain in central Kanagawa Prefecture,...
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The Development of the Temple-Parishioner System
This essay examines the historical conditions for the establishment of the templeparishioner or danka system. It is difficult to pinpoint the exact beginnings of this system. While there are medieval precedents, the broad development of the relationship...
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The Purple Robe Incident and the Formation of the Early Modern Soto Zen Institution
The transition from the medieval to the early modern Buddhist order was directed in large measure by a new regulatory regime instituted by the Tokugawa bakufu. These new directives issued from Edo increasingly regulated every aspect of both political...
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Invitation to the Secret Buddha of Zenkoji: Kaicho and Religious Culture in Early Modern Japan
In early modern Japan, for Buddhist temples endowed with famed "secret Buddhas," the kaicho was a lucrative means of public fundraising. In particular, at a time when a large-scale project such as building or repairing a Main Hall required sizable funding,...
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Esoteric Buddhist Theories of Language in Early Kokugaku: The Soshaku of the Man'yo Daishoki
The early modern renaissance in the study of ancient texts, Kokugaku, has been described as a nativist movement that developed as the antithesis of Neo-Confucianism. This paper starts from a different premise. It follows KUGINUKI'S (2007) argument that...
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State Shinto in the Lives of the People: The Establishment of Emperor Worship, Modern Nationalism, and Shrine Shinto in Late Meiji
Taking the lead from Helen Hardacre's scholarship as well as recent postcolonial theory, this article seeks to delineate new terms in the longstanding debate over State Shinto. It traces the historical process by which State Shinto penetrated the lives...
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Vol. 35, No. 2, 2008

Zen and the Art of Nourishing Life: Labor, Exhaustion, and the Malady of Meditation
In his Yasenkanna and other writings Zen master Hakuin Ekaku (1686-1769) relies on two seemingly conflicting analogies to speak of the art of nourishing life (yojo). On the one hand, he maintains that vital energy (ki) must be stored in the cinnabar...
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Early Japanese Christian Thought Reexamined: Confucian Ethics, Catholic Authority, and the Issue of Faith in the Scholastic Theories of Habian, Gomez, and Ricci
Many late sixteenth/early seventeenth century Japanese Christian texts worked directly within arguments that could be found concurrently in Confucian, syncretist, and other traditions in Japan at this time. Japanese Christian thought has often been characterized...
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Against the Ghosts of Recent Past: Meiji Scholarship and the Discourse on Edo-Period Buddhist Decadence
This article examines the process by which the academic discourse on the decadence of early modern Buddhism was developed, especially in the context of Meiji Japan (1868-1912). The predominant framework in which much of the modern research on Edo Buddhism...
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Household Altars in Contemporary Japan: Rectifying Buddhist "Ancestor Worship" with Home Décor and Consumer Choice
In Japan, where organized religion is increasingly viewed with a critical eye, one of the country's most enduring social and religious traditions-commemorating ancestral spirits-is undergoing rapid change. The highly competitive market for household...
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Mahikari in Context: Kamigakari, Chinkon Kishin, and Psychical Investigation in Omoto-Lineage Religions
Adherents are taught that Mahikari originated from divine revelations that Okada Yoshikazu received during a spontaneous episode of kamigakari in 1959, and academic studies generally present the view that it is a derivative of Sekai Kyuseikyo and Omoto....
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Vol. 35, No. 1, 2008

Editors' Introduction: Japanese Religions in Brazil
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)THE DATE of the publication of this special issue on "Japanese Religions in Brazil" coincides with the centenary festivities of Japanese immigration to Brazil. On a number of occasions throughout the year,...
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The Failed Prophecy of Shinto Nationalism and the Rise of Japanese Brazilian Catholicism
This article deals with the main religious transition that accomplished the redefinition of Japanese Brazilian identity after the Second World War. State Shinto was the main world view of the Japanese immigrants in Brazil until the 1950s, playing a key...
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"The Last Missionary to Leave the Temple Should Turn off the Light": Sociological Remarks on the Decline of Japanese "Immigrant" Buddhism in Brazil
Empirical data indicate that the so-called "Buddhism of yellow color" that is predominantly associated with Japanese "immigrant" Buddhism, is constantly in decline in terms of "explicit" adherents. After some methodological observations, this article...
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Intellectuals and Japanese Buddhism in Brazil
This study concentrates on the discovery of Japanese Buddhism by Brazilian intellectuals as a group of spiritual practices and as a body of spiritual wisdom. The study has been realized through readings and meetings with Japanese Buddhist monks and/or...
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All Roads Come from Zen: Busshinji as a Reference to Buddhism
This paper explores the historical role of Busshinji temple as a center of Buddhism in Brazil for non-Japanese. Busshinji was established by Sotoshu as a betsuin (branch temple) in the city of São Paulo in 1956. Drawing on interviews with early adherents,...
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The Transplantation of Soka Gakkai to Brazil: Building "The Closest Organization to the Heart of Ikeda-Sensei"
Up to the 1980s, Buddhist influence in Brazil was, at best, exiguous and marginal. The Buddhist Society of Brazil, established in 1923 by Theosophists, was short-lived, and was only reestablished in 1955 with little public visibility and activity. In...
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The Development of Japanese New Religions in Brazil and Their Propagation in a Foreign Culture
This article will examine Omoto, Konkokyo, and Rissho Koseikai as examples of New Religions among Brazilians of Japanese descent, and Sekai Kyuseikyo, Soka Gakkai, and Reiyukai as Japanese new religions that have expanded through propagation to Brazilians...
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Japanese Religions in and beyond the Japanese Diaspora
Ronan Alves Pereira and Hideaki Matsuoka, Japanese Religions in and beyond the Japanese Diaspora Berkeley, California: Institute for East Asian Studies, University of California Press, 2007. ix + 251 pp. $22.00 paper, isbn 1-55729-087-3.THIS BOOK contains...
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Japanese Prayer below the Equator: How Brazilians Believe in the Church of World Messianity
Hideaki Matsuoka, Japanese Prayer below the Equator: How Brazilians Believe in the Church of World Messianity Lanham: Lexington Books, 2007. 173 pp. $60.00, hardcover. isbn-10 0-7391-1379-8 and isbn-13 978-0-7391-1379-0.Hideaki Matsuoka trained and actually...
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Zen in Brazil: The Quest for Cosmopolitan Modernity
Cristina Rocha, Zen in Brazil: The Quest for Cosmopolitan Modernity Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press 2006. 256 pp. Hardcover, $37:00. isbn-10 0-8248-2976-x; isbn-13 978-0-8248-2976-6.Cristina Rocha is a Brazilian researcher engaged in the study...
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Vol. 34, No. 2, 2007

Ojoyoshu, Nihon Ojo Gokuraku-Ki, and the Construction of Pure Land Discourse in Heian Japan
The place of narrative in organizing our experience in the world has been the topic of much discussion in recent years. This paper starts from the position developed by the psychologist Jerome Bruner, who argues that there are two distinct modes of thought,...
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Biography as Scripture: Ojoden in India, China, and Japan
Records of individuals who achieved rebirth in the pure land of Amitabha Buddha began as a genre of hagiography in eighth-century China and began appearing in Japan in the late tenth century. Thereafter these ojoden were produced repeatedly throughout...
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Eulogizing Kuya as More Than a Nenbutsu Practitioner: A Study and Translation of the Kuyarui
Kuya is widely known as a tenth-century Buddhist holy man who was the first to spread the nenbutsu practice among common lay people. The document that scholars regard as the most credible for understanding who Kuya was is the Kuyarui, which is a eulogy...
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Exemplary Lives: Form and Function in Pure Land Sacred Biography
As a literature of exemplars, Pure Land sacred biography presents the reader with the ideals of a community as much as the events of individual lives. The models for the religious life advanced in sacred biographies, however, include not only the religious...
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In Her Likeness: Female Divinity and Leadership at Medieval Chuguji
This study takes as its focus the medieval deification of Prince Shotoku's mother, Anahobe no Hashihito. Long associated with the Nara nunnery Chuguji, Empress Hashihito was resurrected as patron goddess of the nunnery in the medieval period, when Chuguji...
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Daitokuji: The Visual Cultures of a Zen Monastery
Gregory P. A. Levine, Daitokuji: The Visual Cultures of a Zen Monastery Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 2006. lii+444 pp. $60.00. Illustrations, bibliography, index, cloth, isbn 0-295-98540-2.DAITOKUJI: The Visual Cultures of a Zen...
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Horses, Dragons, and Disease in Nara Japan
Although the introduction of horses into the Japanese islands has long been a topic of interest for scholars concerned with political and military relations between the Japanese islands and the Korean peninsula, their role in shaping cultic life in the...
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Jokei and Buddhist Devotion in Early Medieval Japan
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)James L. Ford, Jokei and Buddhist Devotion in Early Medieval Japan Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. xviii+317 pp. $65.00, cloth, isbn 0-19-518814-4.JOKEI (1155-1213), the early Kamakura period monk...
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Japanese Temple Buddhism: Worldliness in a Religion of Renunciation
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)Stephen G. Covell, Japanese Temple Buddhism: Worldliness in a Religion of Renunciation Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2006, 256 pp. $25.00 paperback, ISBN 978-0-8248-2967-4.THE DEATH of Japanese...
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Fertility and Pleasure: Ritual and Sexual Values in Tokugawa Japan
William R. Lindsey, Fertility and Pleasure: Ritual and Sexual Values in Tokugawa Japan Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2007. x+234 pp. $48.00, cloth, ISBN 978-0-8248-3036-6.FERTILITY AND PLEASURE represents an intriguingly varied literary and...
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The Culture of Secrecy in Japanese Religion
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)Bernhard Scheid and Mark Teeuwen, ed., The Culture of Secrecy in Japanese Religion London: Routledge, 2006, xvii + 397 pp. £85.00, hardcover, ISBN10: 0-415-38713-2; ISBN13: 978-0-415-38713-2.WHILE focusing...
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Tantric Buddhism in East Asia
Richard K. Payne, ed., Tantric Buddhism in East Asia Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2006, 304 pp. $19.95 paper, ISBN 0-86171-487-3.IN THE INTRODUCTION to Tantric Buddhism in East Asia, Richard Payne asks all the right questions: "Are we talking about a...
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Pilgrimages and Spiritual Quests in Japan
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)Maria Rodríguez del Alisal, Peter Ackerman, and Dolores P. Martinez, ed., Pilgrimages and Spiritual Quests in Japan London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2007. xxi + 184 pp. £75.00/$150.00 Hardcover. ISBN...
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The Wisdom of James: Parallels with Mahayana Buddhism
John P. Keenan, The Wisdom of James: Parallels with Mahayana Buddhism New York and Mahwah, NJ: The Newman Press, 2005. viii + 266 pp. $24.95, paper, ISBN 080914168X.FOR OVER twenty years, John Keenan, an Episcopal priest and now Professor Emeritus of...
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Transcendence and Violence: The Encounter of Buddhist, Christian and Primal Traditions
JOHN D'ARCY MAY, Transcendence and Violence: The Encounter of Buddhist, Christian and Primal Traditions New York and London: Continuum, 2003. xi + 225 pp. $45.00, cloth. ISBN 082641513X.John D'Arcy May was born in Melbourne, Australia, and has been Associate...
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Merofu Kannon and Her Veneration in Zen and Imperial Circles in Seventeenth-Century Japan
Merofu Kannon (Ch. Malangfu Guanyin) had a significant following and was the inspiration for numerous poems and religious pictures in China and Japan. This article (1) explores the historical background and origins of Merofu ("the wife of Master Ma")-a...
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Vol. 34, No. 1, 2007

Christians in Japan
(ProQuest-CSA LLC: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)IN SEPTEMBER 2005 the Department of Asian Studies at the University of British Columbia hosted a remarkable two-day symposium somewhat grandly titled, "Experiences With and Within: Christians in...
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The Conversion of Hideyoshi's Daughter Go
Despite the drastic curtailment of missionary activity in Japan that resulted from Toyotomi Hideyoshi's ban on Christianity in 1587, letters of the Jesuit missionaries reveal that the ban did not prevent the conversion of one lady, Go, a woman of the...
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Journey to the West
What is often called the first Japanese embassy to Europe was actually a publicity stunt conceived in 1582 by Alexandro Valignano, the inspector of the Portuguese-sponsored Asian missions of the Society of Jesus. Four teenagers from Kyushu were paraded...
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The Brotherhoods (Confrarias) and Lay Support for the Early Christian Church in Japan
By the end of the sixteenth century, the Japanese mission had become the largest overseas Christian community that was not under the rule of a European power. Its uniqueness was emphasized by Alessandro Valignano since 1582, who promoted a deeper accommodation...
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The Experiences of Christians during the Underground Years and Thereafter
This paper examines the "underground" Christians of the Edo period, looking principally at the experiences of Christians in community. It is argued that these experiences reflect a tension between the complementary realms of secrecy on the one hand and...
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Nitobe Inazo and the Sapporo Band: Reflections on the Dawn of Protestant Christianity in Early Meiji Japan
This paper focuses on the famous prewar internationalist Nitobe Inazo, and inquires into the origins of his Christian faith. Born in 1862 in Morioka in the last years of the Tokugawa period, he imbibed Christianity while attending the Sapporo Agricultural...
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Christian Prophecy in Japan: Uchimura Kanzo
Uchimura Kanzo (1861-1930) was an extremely accomplished Meiji Christian convert who emphasized a Christianity he considered in tune with traditional Japanese religiosity and free of Western influence. When a child, he observed his family's distress...
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Toward a Modern Belief: Modernist Protestantism and Problems of National Religion in Meiji Japan
In this article, I discuss the significance of religious liberalism and reformism of Meiji Protestantism at the turn of the twentieth century. The period, I argue, is crucial to understanding Japanese Protestantism as modernist. The survival and expansion...
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Christianity and Gender Relationships in Japan: Case Studies of Marriage and Divorce in Early Meiji Protestant Circles
It is accepted that Victorian attitudes to love, chastity, marriage, and the family, all rooted in Christianity, played an important part in changing norms of behavior related to gender relationships in Meiji Japan. But writers on Christianity in Meiji...
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Tamura Naoomi's the Japanese Bride: Christianity, Nationalism, and Family in Meiji Japan
In 1893, Christian minister Tamura Naoomi provoked a heated debate among his contemporaries when he published an English-language book on Japanese family practices titled The Japanese Bride. While the book made no controversial or radical theological...
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Japanese Immigrants and Their Christian Communities in North America: A Case Study of the Fukuinkai, 1877-1896
On 6 October 1877, several Japanese Christian students living in San Francisco gathered and organized the Fukuinkai (Gospel Society) for Bible study and to encourage mutual concern and support among members who shared similar difficulties and struggles....
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Japan's Modern Prophet: Uchimura Kanzo
John F. Howes, Japan's Modern Prophet: Uchimura Kanzo Vancouver & Toronto: University of British Columbia Press, 2006. xvi + 445 pp. $32.95 paper, isbn 978-0774811460.BASED ON his dissertation completed in 1965, which covered the life of Uchimura...
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Vol. 33, No. 2, 2006

Approaching the Land of Bliss: Religious Praxis in the Cult of Amitabha
Richard K. Payne and Kenneth K. Tanaka, eds., Approaching the Land of Bliss: Religious Praxis in the Cult of Amitabha Kuroda Institute Studies in East Asian Buddhism 17. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2004. ix+304 pp. $32.00, cloth, ISBN 0-8248-2578-0.PURE...
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Localizing Paradise: Kumano Pilgrimage and the Religious Landscape of Premodern Japan
Moerman, D. Max, Localizing Paradise: Kumano Pilgrimage and the Religious Landscape of Premodern Japan Harvard East Asian Monographs 235. Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 2005. xiv +297 pp. Illustrations, bibliography, Chinese character...
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