The American Journal of Economics and Sociology

The American Journal of Economics and Sociology publishes scholarly essays in the social sciences, with an emphasis on the intersection of sociology and economics. Also included are book reviews and profiles of historical figures.

Articles from Vol. 58, No. 1, January

Determinants of Teenage Birth Rates as an Unpooled Sample: Age Matters for Socioeconomic Predictors
I Introduction United States teenage pregnancy and birth rates, although declining, are still among the highest in the industrialized world (Spitz, 1996). Teen mothers gave birth to 13 percent of the babies born in 1995 and account for about...
Flexible Working Hours, Family Responsibilities, and Female Self-Employment: Gender Differences in Self-Employment Selection
I Introduction Over the last two decades, there has been especially strong growth in the number of self-employed women in the United States, as well as the proportion of working women who are self-employed. Specifically, Devine (1994) reports...
George Raymond Geiger (1903-1998): A Rich Life
I Oscar Geiger Dr. Geiger was born May 8, 1903, to Oscar H. and Nina C. Daly Geiger. He was their only child. Oscar's father, a Viennese tailor, was related to Abraham Geiger (1810-1874), an outstanding scholar of Judaism and the leading proponent...
Learning from Failures in Microfinance: What Unsuccessful Cases Tell Us about How Group-Based Programs Work
Money, says the proverb, makes money. When you have got a little, it is often easy to get more. The great difficulty is to get that little. - Adam Smith(1) The success of microfinance programs as agents of poverty alleviation are well known to students...
Legitimacy and Military Intervention in a Democracy: Civilian Government as a Public Good
Most students of military intervention agree that variations in governmental legitimacy are an exceptionally important explanation for the incidence of coup attempts. . . . Despite the general agreement on the importance of the legitimacy factor, the...
Public Sympathy for O.J. Simpson: The Roles of Race, Age, Gender, Income, and Education
I Introduction Race has always played an important role in America's history. It has shaped and sometimes divided the political, educational, and legal systems. Not long ago, the Rodney King trial verdict brought with it race riots and a growing...
State and Local Electric Utility Taxes: Evolutionary Taxation of a Deregulating Monopoly
I Introduction Competitive forces emerging nationally across the electric utility sector - as a result of actual and anticipated deregulatory activity - have forced the industry, various governmental units, and the general public to consider...
The Earnings of Immigrants in the United States: The Effect of English-Speaking Ability
I Introduction In 1993 the United States became the home of almost one million immigrants.(1) It is estimated that over 90 percent of them spoke languages other than English as their first language.(2) For immigrants whose first language is not...
Using Occupational Preference in Estimating Market Wage Discrimination: The Case of the Gender Pay Gap
Decomposition of a Reduced-form Wage Equation I Introduction Most empirical studies of market wage discrimination based on human-capital wage equations generate an estimate of potential discrimination either from a coefficient on a gender...
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