Global Virtue Ethics Review

Periodical covering the field ethics worldwide.

Articles

Vol. 5, No. 3-4, July

Servant Leadership-An Introduction
The Concept The paradoxical term, "servant-leadership," which appears to touch an innate need in many of us, and which therefore harks back to the beginning of time, became popularized twenty-five years ago by Robert Greenleaf in his books Servant...
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Normative Education: Putting the Public Servant in Public Service
Abstract Two distinct approaches to public service and public service education can be identified--the rational approach and the normative approach. This article advocates the use of the normative approach to education, which would focus on developing...
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Service before Self: Towards a Theory of Servant-Leadership
Abstract This article explores the relationship between perceptions of leadership and the level of trust between employees and supervisors. More specifically, this article seeks to begin a theoretical discussion of a particular leadership approach,...
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Servant Leadership: A Manifistation of Postmaterialism?
Abstract Servant Leadership has been brewing since the 1970s and has recently emerged in public administration as a postmodern alternative to traditional and modern leadership theories. Infused with notions of morality and interdependency, service...
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Servant Leadership in the Bedouin-Arab Culture
Abstract This article reviews the Bedouin-Arab cultural context, posits the principles of Servant-Leadership, and offers two examples of this leadership style--one from the beginning of the Islamic period, another from the mid-20th century. The...
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Steward Leadership in the Public Sector
Abstract This paper explores the concept of public administrators as something more than just public employees. More specifically, it defines stewardship, presents models for steward leadership in the private, religious and public sectors, and begins...
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Civic Learning Via Service-Learning: A Proposed Framework and Methodology to Linking Servant Leadership Theory to the Contemporary Practice of Community Policing
"A democracy is more than a form of government; it is primarily a mode of associated living, of conjoint communicated experiences." (Dewey, 1916: p. 101). Abstract Nexus problems continue to impede the successful application of academic theory...
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Vol. 5, No. 2, April

What Is Ethics? an Answer from a Voegelinian-Lonerganian Perspective
Abstract The 20th century produced a number of important thinkers, among them, Bernard Lonergan and Eric Voegelin. Condensing the significant ideas of each of them is an impossible task however, this paper develops several of their ideas. The first...
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Advance Directives and the Problem of Personal Identity (1)
Abstract Two objections against the authority of advance directives for some incompetent persons are advanced in this paper. First, that under a psychological continuity account of personal identity, the authority of existing advance directives...
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The Absoluteness of Intrinsic Value. A Critique of the 'Principle of Universality.'
Abstract Moore's account of the relation between his theory of intrinsic value as an unnatural, etc. property, and the so-called 'principle of universality' seems to be considered quite uncontroversial. In opposition with this assumption, this paper...
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Implications of Historical Progress
Abstract Often, on the ideological battlefield of world politics, one side identifies its agenda as progress and the opposition as regress. Citing history as its vindication with the claim that one is on the 'right side' of history and the opposition...
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Editor's Introduction
In recent years there has been a significant increase in interest in applied ethics, both within the academy and outside it. Moreover, this interest in applied ethics has led many persons outside the philosophical community to recognize that even the...
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Refusal of Treatment, Suicide Intervention and Autonomy
Abstract Respect for autonomy grounds a patient's right to refuse medical treatment even when the resulting consequence will be death of the patient. This, in policy, guarantees a patient the right to commit suicide by refusing treatment. However,...
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Vol. 5, No. 1, January

Symposium Introduction
I am very pleased to introduce this issue of Global Virtue Ethics Review. The papers in this issue exemplify the recent rise to prominence of practical ethics, especially medical ethics and business ethics, within both the Analytic and Continental...
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Unwittingly De-Humanizing Patients; Rehabilitating Informed Consent
Abstract To guide interactions in a healthcare setting, informed consent is the doctrine that incorporates and operationalizes such seminal ethical concepts as autonomy, authority, duties, rights, and truth. In everyday practice, however, informed...
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The Role of Cognitive Development in Pediatric Medical Decision-Making
Abstract This article examines the limitations of decision-making skills of children and adolescents in a medical context imposed by cognitive immaturity. The author considers the work of Piaget and other theorists who have addressed when children...
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Bioethical Controversies and the Language of Rights
Abstract The paper argues that the language of rights is conceptually inadequate for giving precise moral direction to the deliberations that arise over questions in bioethics. It begins with background on the development of the notion of human...
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Philosophy and Practical Ethics
Abstract Academic philosophers have recently turned their attention to practical areas such as law, medicine, business, etc., and, in particular to moral problems that may arise in these areas. But there are at least two different methodologies...
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Vol. 4, No. 3-4, July

Collected Papers from the Second Annual Global Virtue Ethics Conference Istanbul, Turkey
Editorial Observations In early July, 2002 the e-journal Global Virtue Ethics Review (GVER) held its second annual ethics conference in conjunction with the International Association of Schools and Institutes of Administration (IASIA) at the International...
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Deregulating Health Care Ethics Education: A Curriculum Proposal
Abstract Ethics education is an important component of health care management education. However, this article argues that the focus in many health care management ethics courses is misplaced, as the stress is on the need for dealing with increasing...
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Problem-Based Learning in Public Administration: Teaching Ethics Online
Abstract This article describes Problem-Based Learning (PBL) as a teaching technique for web based courses. New research in cognitive development suggests that our current methods of teaching abstract concepts, such as those found in ethics courses...
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Vol. 4, No. 2, April

A Modest Proposal * on "The Meaning of Life": (With Apologies to Monty Python)
Abstract This article posits that Public Administration facilitates "The Meaning of Life" (with apologies to Monty Python). The first section locates personal "meaning" in individual empowerment and concludes that this empowerment is best achieved...
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Corporate Responsibility for Reparations
Abstract This essay looks at one aspect of the Holocaust and American slavery: the responsibilities of corporations that have benefited from these practices and often have continued to benefit. By clarifying these responsibilities and considering...
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Weighed and Found Wanting: Finding the Proper Balance between Faith-Based Organizations and Government
Abstract President Bush's new Faith-Based Initiative has created a great deal of interest throughout the United States. Many see the need for partnering with faith-based organizations as a natural use of existing stable organizations to provide...
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Editorial Observations
This issue of GVER consists of three articles and one book review. The issue begins with Jack Kem addressing the public policy issue of the appropriateness of the federal government supporting faith based initiatives. Next, the issue turns to Jonathan...
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The Fellowship of the Ring
One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all, and in the Darkness bind them. J. R. R. Tolkien's epic tale of good and evil has finally made it to the big screen. The first installment, The Fellowship of the Ring,...
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Vol. 4, No. 1, January

Editorial Observations
The issue is about human ethical interrelationships and how it can be strengthened. The issue features articles by Huff, Bruce, Haskins, and Sirgo. Huff offers us the provocative realization that traditional public administration can learn a great...
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Creating the Future through Relationships: A Native-American View of Modern Administration
Abstract This paper examines public administration from the perspective of the traditional Native-American culture. The context of modern public administration is defined in terms of the pervasiveness of control. Common themes found in Native-American...
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Mercy in Public Administration
Blessed are the merciful for they shall be shown mercy. Matthew 5:7 And what does the Lord require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy Micah 6:8 Abstract This paper suggests that mercy is a virtue in the classical secular sense as...
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Ethos and Manager's Credibility: Lessons from the Classroom
Abstract This article explores the topic of ethos within the contexts of education and management. Major dimensions of ethos are identified and discussed. Finally, lessons are offered from classroom teaching that may help managers to be perceived...
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The Moral Work of Stewart L. Udall to Extend Ethics to Encompass Ecological Thinking
Abstract The life and particularly cabinet service of Stewart L. Udall demonstrates the importance of depth of belief, persistence and a long-term perspective. He has served as a moral exemplar for successor interior secretaries including Rogers...
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July

Virtue Ethics and Healthcare Accreditation: The End of Whistleblowing?
Abstract In efforts to fight fraud and abuse in health care organizations, the federal government is increasingly relying on the False Claims Act and qui tam suits brought by whistleblowers. This article argues this approach is dysfunctional for...
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Editorial Observations
On Sunday, July 8, 2001, about a dozen students of virtue ethics gathered in Athens, Greece, to explore, debate, discover, or rediscover the historical value and contemporary vitality of Aristotle and his philosophical progeny. This symposium, organized...
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Morality in a New South Africa
TRIBUTE TO VICTOR HILLIARD When a friend dies, his friends feel a loss that they might describe as a void or vacant space. Victor Hilliard, who died in 2001, was in his late forties. He left a vacant space in our lives. I am sure that the passage...
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The `ALIR' Imperatives of Ethical Reasoning (1)
Abstract This paper advances a set of guiding ethical principles, which is of a heuristic nature and may prove useful to integrate and rearrange the process of dealing with ethical dilemmas in public administration. Naturally, administrative systems...
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Vol. 3, No. 2, April

Blessed Are the Peacemakers
Abstract Blessed are the peacemakers and blessed are the lives they touch. At a funeral just last summer, a friend eulogized a colleague with the words, "blessed are the peace makers." The speaker went on to describe the crucial organizational peace-making...
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A Guided Conversation on Global Ethics
Abstract This presentation is a guided conversation of four writings of major global importance by groups of people in positions of leadership and responsibility. The comprehensive human perspective is "A Call to Our Guiding Institutions", adopted...
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Managing Ethics in the Palmetto State: A Case Study of the South Carolina State Ethics Commission
Abstract State ethics commissions are agencies of government that are responsible for the administration of ethics programs, enforcement of ethics provisions and the cultivation of an ethical climate in state government. Unfortunately there are...
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Editorial Observations
Volume 3, Number 2 has three referred articles written by Willa Bruce, John H. Bryant, and Robert W. Smith that address important questions for us to consider in ethics. In addition, it has a book review prepared by Terrance A. Johnson that confronts...
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Vol. 3, No. 1, January

Virtue Ethics and the Wisdom Tradition: Exploring the Inclusive Guidance of the Quran
Abstract The paper elaborates the meaning and measures of Virtue Ethics as a distinct form of moral discourse centered on cultivating an ethic of identity or character. In construing this ethic, Virtue Ethics engages in a moral discourse different...
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Editorial Observations
This issue of the journal features three articles and one book review. In order in which they appear, Jack Kem, Enamul Choudhury, and Patrick S. Smith wrote the articles in this issue. Jack Kem's article illustrates and shows the implications of the...
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Spiritual Wisdom Ethics: A Linkage between Religion and Government
Abstract This article addresses a new approach to ethics called Spiritual Wisdom Ethics. It relies and builds upon the vast historical and collective values found in the five major religious faiths in our world - Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity,...
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Vol. 2, No. 4, October

Editorial Observations
In "Globalization, Moral Justification, and the Public Service," Charles Garofalo argues that there is a profound connection between the public service and moral justification. Because the people of the world are increasingly living in an age of globalization,...
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Introduction
This mini-symposium on Ethics in the Global Economy consists of three contributions that treat many of the major global issues confronting us today. James Gazell, in "The Provenance and Development of A Global Ethic," provides historical perspective...
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The Provenance and Development of a Global Ethic
Abstract This article examines the provenance and development of a global ethic, which over the last half century has received growing public attention as its importance has risen. In the Introduction, the phrase global ethic is defined. The central...
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Protection for the Biosphere: A Proposal for International Business Operations
Abstract We know that it is imperative to protect the natural environment even as we do business, especially as business goes global. But where, actually, do we find the structure of ethical reasoning that will support that "imperative"? The drawbacks...
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Globalization, Moral Justification, and the Public Service
Abstract This article argues that there is a profound connection between the public service and moral justification. In this age of globalization, it further argues that public administration would be wise to build on a global ethic. The author...
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Vol. 2, No. 3, July

The Cost of Being Ethical
Abstract Governments are faced with the daunting prospect of being held to a higher ethical standard than private sector entities. Typically, this has been used to explain the existence of large and seemingly inefficient bureaucracies in the public...
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Symposium on Ethics and Public Budgeting and Finance: Summary and Conclusions
Abstract This symposium on ethics and public budgeting and financial management has two purposes. It directly presents a few cases from the budgeting practitioners and academic researchers, cases seeming to have interesting ethical dimensions. Ranging...
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Morality in a New South Africa
Abstract This article argues that South African society, which must not emulate the ethical mistakes of the past regime, needs to reject the past as wrong and bad. The current government also must go beyond blaming the past regime and move forward...
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Editorial Observations
This issue contains the balance of the Aimee L. Franklin and James Fielding Smiths' symposium on ethics and budgeting. It starts with a conclusion to the symposium by the editors, which GVER has run over several issues. They note that much of their...
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Ethics in Transformation and the Difficulties in Moving from the Soviet Structure to Independent Republic: Lessons from Armenia
Abstract This article explores the difficulties surrounding the transformation from a Soviet Socialist Republic to the Republic of Armenia. Using a framework established by Charles Gilbert, it identifies legal, political, and economic forces that...
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Vol. 2, No. 2, April

Breaking the Psychological Contract: An Act of Anti-Ethics
Abstract This article is about the ethical implications and ramifications of breaking the non-written and implicit psychological contract in organizations that is a mutually agreed upon set of expectations. Individuals develop their expectations...
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Balanced Ethical Perspective to State and Local Economic Development Policies
Abstract Economic development has become a major policy challenge for state and local governments in the United States for the past two decades. Many studies evaluate these policies from the perspective of political economy but few examine the topic...
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Is It Possible to Be a Mystic and Serve the Public Good
Abstract This article examines the positivist and technicist foundations of public administration within the context of Christian Mysticism. Using Christian Mysticism as an ideal construct of the spiritual life, the purpose of this article is to...
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Editorial Observations
Volume 2, number 2 has four articles and a literature review. Our co-editor wrote the lead article and I need to stress that we reviewed her manuscript as all others in this journal. Her call in her article is important and I hope that many in the...
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A Commentary on the Servant Leadership Literature -- Steward Leadership in the Public Sector: Something More for the Professional
Abstract Stewardship is "the careful and responsible management of something entrusted to one's care. "As public administrators and future public administrators, we need to understand this concept and its relevance to the way we approach our daily...
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Creating a Nation Wide Ethics: The Case of China
Abstract Corruption is widespread in almost every country even though the nature of corruption may differ across societies and change over time. This article focuses specifically on bureaucratic corruption in China's modernization process. Using...
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Vol. 2, No. 1, January

A Brief, Annotated Bibliography on Public-Private Sector Ethics
Books Berman, Evan M., West, Jonathan P., and Bonczek, eds., The Ethics Edge, Washington, D.C.: International City/County Management Association, 1998. This International City/County Management Association (ICMA) publication has assembled articles...
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Creating a Decision Architecture
Abstract Seemingly no aspect of Public Administration engenders more discussion and controversy than the idea of discretion. This paper will explore both the theoretical elements of discretion and the practical realities of public sector management...
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P.A. Eth-Talk: Is It Ethical? (1)
Abstract The study and discussion of ethics in public administration can be dysfunctional and even harmful without a sophisticate understanding of the field and ethics. This articles stresses that those engaged in discussing ethics should understand...
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The Impact of Information Technology on the Ethics of Public Sector Management in the Third Millennium
Abstract This paper explores the troublesome and in-escapable fundamental question posed by Socrates: "What ought one do?" in the context of public policy management of change and innovation from an ethical perspective within the emerging "realities"...
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Editorial Observations
I am please to start our second year with five truly outstanding articles written by accomplished senior academics in our field. Professor David Farmer wrote the first article titled "P.A. Eth-Talk: Is It Ethical?" and it is part of a series, which...
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Between the Law and a Hard Place: Ethical Dilemmas in Managing Financial and Information Systems Resources
Abstract The paper describes the importance of government managers taking ethical responsibility in making resource decisions and illustrates this through an analysis of financial and information security case study. In a public organizations where...
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