Utopian Studies

Biannual journal providing scholarly articles on topics related to utopias, utopianism, utopian theory, and intentional communities. Contains reviews of recent books.

Articles from Vol. 11, No. 2, Spring

Eighteenth-Century American Utopianism: From the Potential to the Probable
LIKE SO MANY OTHER intellectual and social developments, eighteenth-century American utopianism does not begin or end with specific dates, much less in the years "assigned" to it, 1700 to 1800. Instead, eighteenth-century American utopianism must be...
Enlightenment Utopias
Introduction THE INFLUENCE OF RECENT CRITICAL TRENDS in eighteenth-century studies has resulted in a renewed interest in contemporary utopias and utopianism.(1) Postmodern and postcolonial critiques have deconstructed eighteenth-century paradigms...
Gothic Utopia: Heretical Sanctuary in Ann Radcliffe's the Italian
ANN RADCLIFFE PUBLISHED her last Gothic novel, The Italian, in 1797, at the end of a decade of political turmoil and violence occasioned by the French Revolution and the increasingly repressive British response both to events across the Channel and...
Grains of Utopia: The Desert as Literary Oasis in Paul Bowles's the Sheltering Sky and Wilfred Thesiger's Arabian Sands(*)
[B]apteme de la solitude. It is a unique sensation, and it has nothing to do with loneliness, for loneliness presupposes memory. Here, in this wholly mineral landscape lighted by stars like flares, even memory disappears; nothing is left but your own...
Imaginary Encounters with the New World: Native American Utopias in 18th-Century French Novels
ONE OF THE FEATURES characteristic of eighteenth-century French fiction is the frequent presence of well-defined short utopian episodes in adventure and/or philosophical novels which are not utopian in their general outlook. Some of these "micro-utopias"...
Merryland: Gender and Power in an Eighteenth-Century Pornotopia
"Her valleys are like Eden, her hills like Lebanon, she is a paradise of pleasure and a garden of delight" (Stretzer 65). THIS POETIC PRAISE by the pseudonymous Thomas Stretzer may sound like any other earth-troping colonization of womanhood similar...
Signifying Passion: Angela Carter's Heroes and Villains as a Dystopian Romance
One of Angela Carter's most misunderstood texts,(1) Heroes and Villains (1969) is by the author's own admission an important novel, dealing with myth making in the Barthesian sense of culturally constructed collective fictions or cliches (Katsavos...
The Death of the Static: H.G. Wells and the Kinetic Utopia
IN 1884 H.G. WELLS ENTERED the Normal School of Science, South Kensington, on a guinea scholarship to undertake a BSc in the pure sciences. He left in 1887 with a mediocre degree and the beginnings of a literary career under his belt. Despite his less...
The Ephrata Cloister: Intersections of Architecture and Culture in an Eighteenth-Century Utopia
ARCHITECTURAL HISTORIANS hold fondly to the belief that architecture and culture are related--somehow. We believe that architecture can influence human behavior and that culture certainly influences architecture. Rarely, however, do we attempt to get...
The New Sense of Utopia: The Construction of a Society Based on Justice
1. The advancement of our research into utopia and the emergence of justice(1) IT IS DURING OUR RESEARCH INTO UTOPIA, its history and its meaning, that we encounter justice and the just society. We had already discerned that literary utopia alone...
The Republic of Beavers: An American Utopia
FRANK AND FRITZIE MANUEL, in their encyclopedic work, Utopian Thought in the Western World, on the subject of eighteenth-century utopias, note that one is struck by the absence in the Encyclopedie of an article on "utopia." Moreover, there is no entry...
Utopias of/f Language in Contemporary Feminist Literary Dystopias(*)
"... language is power, life, and the instrument of culture, the instrument of domination and liberation." --Carter, 77. I. Introduction: FUTURISTIC DYSTOPIAS ARE STORIES ABOUT LANGUAGE. This is true, firstly, in the sense that ultimately...
Variations on a Dystopian Theme: Melville's "Encantadas"(*)
WHEN IN THE SPRING OF 1856 Herman Melville published a volume of stories entitled The Piazza Tales, reviewers hailed it as "decidedly the most readable thing" Melville had written since the great days of Typee and Omoo. According to the Concord, New...