Occupational Hazards

Reports news and information on industrial safety, occupational health, environmental control, insurance, first aid, medical care, and hazardous material control. Coverage includes legislative, regulatory, and scientific developments; how-to articles; and

Articles from Vol. 70, No. 1, January

City of Charleston and S.C. OSHA Reach Settlement after Fatal Fire
After the South Carolina Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation, Office of Occupational Safety and Health (S.C. OSHA) levied heavy fines against the city of Charleston Fire Department for the deadly June 18 blaze at a Sofa Super Store that killed...
Facing the Unthinkable: Fatality Prevention in the Workplace: How Workplace Culture, Organizational Systems and Leadership Affect the Risk of Fatalities, and What Safety Professionals Can Do to Prevent Deaths
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] No employer, family member or coworker ever wants a fatality to occur in the workplace. But it happens. In 2006 alone, 5,703 people died on the job, representing a multitude of poor choices and system failures that might have...
Fatal Injury Rates Climb after 20-Year Decline
While workplace fatality rates have decreased in recent years, a study released in December 2007 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that national injury death rates rose more than 5 percent from 1999 to 2004. This increase...
GAO: OMB Drove EPA to Rush Toxic Release Rule
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] A recent Government Accountability Office (GAO) report claims EPA was pressured by the White House's Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to rush through a rule-making process that would allow more than 3,500 facilities to...
Get in Shape ... at Your Desk
Employees can become healthier, more productive and more alert by exercising throughout the workday--all while remaining at their desks. For many busy office-bound employees, sitting all day can cause a host of problems: back pain, muscle tightness,...
Incident Reporting and Response: "Unless It's an Emergency, Don't Bother Me after 6:00 P.M. and on Weekends."
This was Merv Griffin's contact policy. He retired as a talk show host in 1986. I suspect his name still may be listed in the studio's incident response plan. When I was 16 years old, I worked for a boiler repair company. One day, thanks to a mechanic...
International OHS: Through the Looking Glass of the Global Economy: In Late 2007, a Multinational Group of EHS Professionals Traveled to Mexico to Observe Working Conditions at a Giant Open-Pit Copper Mine in Cananea. What They Found Shocked Them
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The occupational health and safety conditions at the giant open-pit copper mine in Cananea, Mexico displayed how workplace safety in the global economy can best be understood through the intersection of transnational corporations,...
New Direction Drives Safety Success at APAC-Missouri: How One Construction Company Turned Its Safety Culture around Using E-Learning
By the winter of 2006, the safety culture at Oldcastle Materials' APAC-Missouri division was in a precarious state. The transportation construction contractor's safety committee had disbanded and APAC employees, feeling frustrated by the management...
Occupational Hazards Celebrates an Anniversary: We're Feeling Very Spry for 70. That's Good, Because While This Is a Time to Reflect and Celebrate, It Also Is a Time for Relentless Commitment to Change
Occupational Hazards and Safety was founded in 1938 by Industrial Publishing Co. to help companies deal with the challenges of both safety and health hazards. Major newspapers reported on tragedies such as the epidemic of silicosis that sprang from...
OSHA in 2007: An Overview
The arrival of 2008 prompted OccupatiOnal Hazards to take stock of what OSHA has--and has not--accomplished in 2007. When the Democratic Congress became a majority party in November 2006, labor and industry advocates knew OSHA would be called on...
OSHA's $4 Million Increase in FY 2008 Funding to Be Cut 1.74 Percent
An omnibus appropriations bill that would provide OSHA with more than $490 million for the next fiscal year is nearing final passage, but an added budget cut made by the Senate could reduce that figure significantly. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Aaron...
Review Commission Re-Examining Stale Violation Issue: The Federal Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission Is Re-Examining Whether OSHA May Lawfully Issue Citations for Recordkeeping Violations That Are More Than 6 Months Old
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] On Oct. 18, 2007, the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC) issued a detailed briefing order in Volks Constructors, Docket No. 06-1990, in which the employer is challenging a 1993 precedent permitting citations...
Survey Reveals PPE Compliance Concerns
A recent survey of nearly 200 safety professionals indicates noncompliance with personal protective equipment (PPE) continues to be an ongoing problem in the workplace. The survey, conducted by Kimberly-Clark Professional, reveals 87 percent of...
The Lingering Threat of Avian Flu: Companies Should Continue to Take Steps to Prepare for an Outbreak of Pandemic Flu and Provide Workers with PPE
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Headlines warning of a possible pandemic flu outbreak have started to wane, but the threat is far from over. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a global outbreak of easily transmissible influenza...
W.R. Grace to Pay toward Cleanup of Hazardous Waste Sites
W.R. Grace, a global supplier of specialty chemicals, has agreed to a $34 million bankruptcy settlement for cleanup costs at 32 Superfund sites across the country, the Justice Department announced. The action settles a bankruptcy claim brought by the...

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