Parameters

Military affairs and international relations journal. Official publication of the Dept. of the Army for Army War College graduates and civilians concerned with national defense.

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 2, Summer

Army Recruiting and the Civil-Military Gap
An interesting episode illustrating part of the civil-military dissonance in the United States occurred a couple of years ago. It escaped the attention of much of the major media, although some readers may be familiar with the 1999 case of US Air Force...
A Symposium on Citizenship and Military Service
In October 2000, we served as co-chairs of a conference titled "Citizens and Soldiers: Citizenship, Culture, and Military Service." [1] The inspiration for this event can be stated briefly: a decade after the Cold War, the United States is finding...
Combat Roles for Women: A Modest Proposal
Recent changes in the international system and resulting shifts in US military engagement abroad have opened the door for a new examination of military opportunities for women, an issue which has for too long been clouded by extreme positions on both...
Editor's Shelf
The Brookings Institution Press continues its reputation for excellence with the publication of a number of recent works examining US defense strategy and the American security agenda. John D. Steinbruner's Principles of Global Security, an analysis...
Europe & NATO Enlargement
To the Editor: Professor Ryan Hendrickson's "NATO's Open Door Policy and the Next Round of Enlargement" (Parameters, Winter 2000-01) presents itself as a tour de table of prospects and considerations--albeit heavy with US-centric angles like candidates,...
Flashpoint Asia: The Most Dangerous Place?
"The most dangerous place in the world today ... is the Indian subcontinent and the line of control in Kashmir." -- President Bill Clinton, March 2000. "Korea is the single biggest flashpoint...." -- Admiral Dennis Blair, CINCPAC, March 2000...
From the Archives
Citizen-Soldiers, circa 1835 The common, or enrolled, militia--every able-bodied male citizen between the ages of 18 and 45--though an institution on the laws of every state, was not quite what one might expect it to be during the period 1820-1850....
From the Editor
In this Issue... Readers have a unique opportunity to benefit from insights related to the character and future of the US military, presented by some of America's most respected and seasoned (and some bright young less-seasoned) military and civilian...
Generalship: Qualities, Instincts, and Character
"Great military ideas are actually extremely simple. ... Greatness lies in the freedom of the intellect and spirit at moments of pressure and crisis, and in the willingness to take risks." Hans Delbruck History and the Art of War, 1900 [1] ...
Kosovo So Far
The production of instant histories is a risky business. Absent the reinforced impartiality that distance from events can provide, lacking access to a full range of sources, and without the ability to place events into a historical continuum that includes...
Of Swarms and Initiative
To the Editor: With regard to the article by Thomas Adams, "The Real Military Revolution" (Parameters, Autumn 2000), on the potential future of the US military forces becoming organized into a swarming type of force, I believe the analysis, underlying...
Strange Victory: Hitler's Conquest of France
Strange Victory: Hitler's Conquest of France. By Ernest R. May. New York: Hill and Wang, 2000.594 pages. $30.00. Reviewed by Professor Eugenia C. Kiesling, author of Arming Against Hitler: France and the Limits to Military Planning and the Harold K....
The German Army at War, 1939-1945
Almost from the time the guns fell silent in Europe on 8 May 1945, the world in general and the western world in particular has studied the German army of World War II, and its impressive warmaking potential, with a special fascination. Although more...
The Military Obligation of Citizens since Vietnam
On the eve of the Persian Gulf War, as President George Bush worked to win public support for his policy to liberate Kuwait, he made it plain that his war plans included no plan to restore the military draft. He would call up the National Guard and...
The US Citizen-Soldier's Past, Present, and Likely Future
Recent problems in the recruiting and retention of US military personnel have prompted some to ask a series of questions: What was the "tradition" of the American citizen-soldier, and how much change in this tradition has occurred? Have basic changes...
Twilight of the Citizen-Soldier
What is the citizen-soldier? The question demands something beyond the obvious answer, any soldier who is also a citizen. Judged by that criterion, the citizen-soldier is alive and well in the United States and, for that matter, most other countries....
What Ails the All-Volunteer Force: An Institutional Perspective
The state of the armed forces became a distinct point of contention in the 2000 presidential campaign. The campaign saw the two major party candidates give differing interpretations as to the capabilities, morale, and readiness of the military. At...
Women in Combat Units: It's Still a Bad Idea
Among the easiest predictions to make in this first year of the new century is that various interest groups will continue to lobby to open all US combat units to women. At least five seemingly logical arguments can be anticipated: * New post-Cold...
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