Parameters

Military affairs and international relations journal. Official publication of the Dept. of the Army for Army War College graduates and civilians concerned with national defense.

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 3, Autumn

A Perilous Progress: Economics and Public Purpose in Twentieth Century America
By Michael A. Bernstein. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2001. 376 pages. $42.50. At the outset of the 20th century, academic economists were struggling for a professional identity and the discipline of economics lacked coherence. By...
Conquering the Elements: Thoughts on Joint Force (Re)organization
Operation Iraqi Freedom demonstrated, or should have demonstrated, that joint warfighting--that is, the synergistic application of the unique capabilities of each service so that the net result is a capability that is greater than the sum of the parts--is...
Editor's Shelf
The American public has learned one overarching lesson from its military's conduct of Operation Iraqi Freedom, the necessity for robust strategic planning. To that end, Strategic Thinking: An Introduction and Farewell (London: Lynne Rienner, 2002.199...
Gettysburg: A Testing of Courage
By Noah Andre Trudeau. New York: HarperCollins, 2002. 694 pages. $34.95. While musing on many subjects to fill his final days in exile, Napoleon observed that history was an artful combination of material facts and moral intentions. Although the...
In Search of Monsters to Destroy: American Empire in the New Millennium
"We have had an Imperial lesson; it may make us an Empire yet!"--Rudyard Kipling (1) With the coldly calculated use of terror, the perpetuators of 11 September 2001 served abrupt notice of challenge to US global dominance. The seemingly easy path...
In This Issue
Since the end of the combat phase of the war with Iraq, it seems as though our nation's attention and energy have been totally consumed by the tasks necessary to stabilize and reconstruct that country. It is understandable that we are focused on winning...
Iraq: Heavy Forces and Decisive Warfare
The Iraq War was a stunning example of the new paradigm of "decisive warfare," even more so than had been the Afghanistan campaign. The Bush Administration came into office defining this new paradigm as the ability to march on an enemy's capital and...
Iraqi Resistance to Freedom: A Frommian Perspective
Iraqi civilians were dancing and singing in the streets of Baghdad on the morning of 9 April 2003, while the American military consolidated efforts to secure the city. On that day it was obvious that Saddam Hussein had been deposed. In spite of the...
Jointness, Defense Transformation, and the Need for a New Joint Warfare Profession
"Skilled officers, like all other professional men, are products of continuous and laborious study, training, and experience. There is no shortcut to the peculiar type of knowledge and ability they must possess. Trained officers constitute the most...
Korean Endgame: A Strategy for Reunification and U.S. Disengagement
By Selig S. Harrison. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2002. 409 pages. $29.95. The core message of this closely argued book is that American military presence in the Korean peninsula will gradually wane in the near future, and that...
Northern Naval Superiority and the Economics of the American Civil War
By David G. Surdam. Studies in Maritime History series. William N. Still, Jr., series editor. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2001. 288 pages. $34.95. David Surdam, a visiting assistant professor of economics at the Graduate School...
Nuclear Weapons and Indian Security: The Realist Foundations of Strategy
By Bharat Karnad. (New Delhi, India: MacMillan India Limited, 2002). 724 pages. $37.50. For at least three reasons, this will be a most valuable book for anyone concerned about the nuclear confrontation in South Asia. To begin, the author was...
Odysseus in America: Combat Trauma and the Trials of Homecoming
By Jonathan Shay. Foreword by Max Cleland and John McCain. New York: Scribner, 2002. 329 pages. $25.00. Shay's first book in this duet, Achilles In Vietnam: Combat Trauma and the Undoing of Character, was remarkable both for the truths it spoke...
Off the Press
Astor, Gerald. Terrible Terry Allen: Combat General of World War II--The Life of an American Soldier. Novato, Calif.: Presidio Press, 2003. 384 pp. $25.95. Berman, Paul. Terror and Liberalism. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2003. 214 pp....
Peacekeeping Fiascoes of the 1990s: Causes, Solutions, and U.S. Interests
By Frederick H. Fleitz, Jr. Westport, Conn.: Praeger Publishers, 2002. 224 pages. $39.95. Frederick Fleitz, now serving as Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and international Security, is a long-time member of the...
Planning for Conflict Termination and Post-Conflict Success
"No one starts a war--or rather, no one in his senses ought to do so--without first being clear in his mind what he intends to achieve by that war and how he intends to conduct it." --Carl von Clausewitz (1) "If you concentrate exclusively on...
Prophets or Praetorians? the Uptonian Paradox and the Powell Corollary
"A [military] philosophy grows from the minds and hearts, social mores and customs, traditions and environment of a people. It is the product of national and racial attributes, geography, the nature of a potential enemy threat, standards of living...
Shadow of the Dragon: Vietnam's Continuing Struggle with China and the Implications for U.S. Foreign Policy
By Henry J. Kenny. Washington: Brassey's, 2002. 176 pages. $49.95 ($24.95 paper). With the end of America's Indochina war in the 1970s and the passage of time, Vietnam has slipped from the collective consciousness of US policymakers and the general...
S. L. A. Marshall's Men against Fire: New Evidence regarding Fire Ratios
The findings of journalist-soldier S. L. A. Marshall about combat fire ratios--particularly that in World War II less than 25 percent of American combat infantrymen in battle fired their weapons--have been controversial since Marshall published them...
The Atlantic Century
Throughout the previous decade, strategists and statesmen asserted that we were about to enter the "Pacific Century. Global power and wealth would shift to East Asia. American interests, power, and investments would follow. The Atlantic would become...
The Battle for Leningrad, 1941-1944
By David M. Glantz. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2002. 660 pages. $39.95. In the aggregation of awesome--and awful--events that composed the German-Soviet War of 1941-45, and probably also in the whole history of warfare, the Battle for...
The Fall of Berlin 1945
By Antony Beevor. New York: Viking Penguin Press, 2002.490 pages. $29.95. A sequel to his best-seller The Battle of Stalingrad, Antony Beevor's The Fall of Berlin is a superb narrative account of the Red Army's climactic assault on Berlin, Hitler's...
Thirteen Years: The Causes and Consequences of the War in Iraq
The mission of our troops is wholly defensive," President George H. W. Bush intoned as elements of the 82d Airborne and US Air Force arrived in Saudi Arabia to defend it against an Iraqi invasion. "Hopefully, they will not be needed long." That was...
Transformation Circa 1861-Precision Drill
During the secession crisis and the early months of the Civil War, tens of thousands of men on each side eagerly entered military service. Transforming such hordes of enthusiastic volunteers into an effective fighting force was a problem confronting...
Vietnam 1945 to 1975: Communism on Display
What makes the Vietnam War so complex is the fact that it could have been prosecuted in a number of ways that might have achieved greater success--a guerrilla war using only the South Vietnamese forces, a guerrilla war using the South Vietnamese and...
War and the Art of Governance
"Power is one thing. The problem of how to administer it is another." (1) --Douglas MacArthur On 9 April 2003, jubilant crowds and US troops toppled the statue of Saddam Hussein in central Baghdad and drew down the curtain on the major combat phase...
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