Parameters

Military affairs and international relations journal. Official publication of the Dept. of the Army for Army War College graduates and civilians concerned with national defense.

Articles from Vol. 44, No. 4, Winter

Adapting to Win: How Insurgents Fight and Defeat Foreign States
Adapting to Win: How Insurgents Fight and Defeat Foreign States By Noriyuki Katagiri Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014 320 pages $69.65 Adapting to Win is written by Dr. Noriyuki Katagiri, a political scientist,...
A Generous and Merciful Enemy: Life for German Prisoners of War during the American Revolution
A Generous and Merciful Enemy: Life for German Prisoners of War during the American Revolution By Daniel Krebs Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 2013 392 pages $24.95 Ansbach, Germany still displays the colors of its regiments...
Air Mobility: A Brief History of the American Experience
Air Mobility: A Brief History of the American Experience By Robert C. Owen Washington, DC': Potomac Press, 2013 313 pages $45.00 When people speak of the might of airpower, the first thought is bombing. Save for nuclear weapons, however,...
American "Declinism": A Review of Recent Literature
Is America in decline, yet again? Recent literature suggests some negative trends--an erosion of power, legitimacy and authority that bodes I ill for the future of American primacy. However, this perspective is not new. At least three other American...
America's Challenges in the Greater Middle East: The Obama Administration's Policies
America's Challenges in the Greater Middle East: The Obama Administration's Policies Edited by Shahram Akbarzadeh New York, NY: Palgrave McMillan, 2011 288 pages $34.00 President Barack Obama's speech in Cairo on June 4 2009 described...
Battlefield Euthanasia: Should Mercy-Killings Be Allowed?
ABSTRACT: The survival rate of American military personnel seriously wounded in combat has risen dramatically in recent decades. But situations still arise when wounded soldiers cannot be saved, nor their suffering sufficiently palliated, creating...
Challenge of Battle: The Real Story of the British Army in 1914
Challenge of Battle: The Real Story of the British Army in 1914 By Adrian Gilbert New York, NY: Osprey Publishing, 2012 312 pages $25.95 Challenge of Rattle: The Teal Story of the British Army in 1914 by Adrian Gilbert is a modern retelling...
China's Concept of Military Strategy
ABSTRACT: China's concept of military strategy is very different from that of the United States. This article examines the various components of the strategic thought of the People's Liberation Army and how its theory of strategy can be applied in...
China's Military Mercantilism
ABSTRACT: The People's Republic is a great power in search of a grand strategy. China's maritime adventurism reflects the fragmentation of foreign policy, and the coupling of commercial interests with military force. Without effective statecraft, PLA...
Chinas "Power Projection" Capabilities
ABSTRACT: This article examines China's ability to influence conflicts beyond its immediate area through both conventional and unorthodox means. Decision-makers and intelligence analysts at all levels should note America's influence within the Pacific...
China's Strategic Moves and Counter-Moves
ABSTRACT: This article employs two analytical frameworks to put the tensions in the Asia-Pacific Region in a new perspective. One is the Go game analogy; the other is the US-China Power Transition, Stage II. These offer significant insights into US-China...
Considering Why We Lost
ABSTRACT: In his high profile book, Why We host, Lieutenant General (Retired) Daniel Bolger argues the US Army stayed too long in the Afghanistan and Iraq theaters, becoming mired in wars it was ill-equipped to fight. This commentary challenges Bolger's...
Cross-Cultural Competence for A Twenty-First-Century Military: Culture, the Flipside of COIN
Cross-Cultural Competence For A Twenty-First-Century Military: Culture, the Flipside of COIN Edited By Robert Greene Sands and Allison Greene-Sands The Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group: Lanhan, MD, 2012 386 Pages $145.98 Robert...
Defeating the Islamic State: A Financial-Military Strategy
ABSTRACT: Through oil smuggling, kidnapping, human trafficking and extortion, ISIL is one the best funded militant groups the United States has confronted. Avoiding a protracted conflict with ISIS requires a more integrated financial and military strategy...
Defeating the Islamic State: Commentary; on a Core Strategy
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article is to benefit those among the readership currently engaged in designing the strategies and tactics of the struggle against the Islamic State (IS) group, a movement led by Abu Bakr al Baghdadi that has become the...
Failed States and the Origins of Violence: A Comparative Analysis of State Failure as a Root Cause of Terrorism and Political Violence
Failed States and the Origins of Violence: A Comparative Analysis of State Failure as a Root Cause of Terrorism and Political Violence By Tiffany Howard Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Co, 2014 222 pages $119.95 The starting point...
From Above: War, Violence, and Verticality
From Above: War, Violence, and Verticality Edited by Peter Adey, Mark Whitehead, and Alison J. Williams London, England, UK: Hurst Publishing, 2014 376 pages $30.52 (paper) For intellectual plebeians like your reviewer, any book with...
From the Editor
Our Winter issue opens with a Special Commentary, "Considering Why We Lost," by Tami Biddle. As she examines LTG (Ret.) Daniel Bolger's argument in his sharply critical book, Why We Lost: A General's Inside Account of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars,...
Gaza 2014: Hamas' Strategic Calculus
ABSTRACT: This article analyzes Hamas' strategic and political calculations during the 2014 conflict with Israel in Gaza. I argue Hamas did not plan the conflict, which came mostly in response to Israel's crackdown on Hamas in the West Bank (Operation...
Gaza 2014: Israel's Attrition vs Hamas' Exhaustion
ABSTRACT: While Hamas adopted a strategy of psychological exhaustion of Israel's civilians, Israel employed physical attrition of Hamas' military capabilities. This article examines how these strategies inter acted with each other, assesses the strategic...
Military Responses to the Arab Uprisings and the Future of Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East
Military Responses to the Arab Uprisings and the Future of Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East By William C. Taylor New York, NY: Palgrave McMillan, 2014 363 pages $100.00 The actions of Arab military leadership were overwhelmingly...
Monty's Men: The British Army and the Liberation of Europe
Monty's Men: The British Army and the Liberation of Europe By John Buckley New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2013 370 pages $35.00 (hardcover) This work on WW II appears very much revisionist, but it is not truly some radical revelation....
Napalm: An American Biography
Napalm: An American Biography By Robert M. Neer Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2013 352 pages $29.95 Dr. Robert Neer, an attorney and core lecturer in the History Department at Columbia University, has written a splendid and important...
On Limited Nuclear War in the 21st Century
On Limited Nuclear War In the 21st Century By Jeffrey A. Larsen and Kerry M. Kartchner, editors Palo Alto, CA: Standford University Press, 2014 312 pages $27.95 Consider for a moment that in 2015 a single nuclear weapon has just been...
On "Priming Strategic Communications: Countering the Appeal of ISIS"
This commentary is in response to DavidS. Sorenson's article "Priming Strategic Communications: Countering the Appeal of ISIS" published in the Autumn 2014 issue of Parameters (vol. 44, no. 3). In "Priming Strategic Communications: Countering the...
On "Reforming the Afghan Security Forces"
This commentary is in response to Daniel Glickstein and Michael Spangler's article "Reforming the Afghan Security Forces" published in the Autumn 2014 issue of Parameters (vol. 44, no. 3). Daniel Glickstein and Michael Spangler deserve commendation...
State of War: The Political Economy of American Warfare, 1945-2011
State of War: The Political Economy of American Warfare, 1945-2011 By Paul A.C. Koistinen Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2012 328 pages $39.95 As the fifth and final volume of Professor Paul Koistinen's comprehensive study...
Strategy in the Second Nuclear Age: Power, Ambition, and the Ultimate Weapon
Strategy in the Second Nuclear Age: Power, Ambition, and the Ultimate Weapon By Toshi Yoshihara and James R. Holmes, editors Washington DC: Georgetown University Press, 2012 256 pages $32.95 Once in a while a work comes along that...
The Ethics of Interrogation: Professional Responsibility in an Age of Terror
The Ethics of Interrogation: Professional Responsibility in an Age of Terror By Paul Lauritzen Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2013 227 pages $26.95 The Ethics of Interrogation may sound like a philosophical discussion....
The Morality of Private War. the Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies
The Morality of Private War. The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies. By James Pattison Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2014 272 pages $82.50 Scholars in war studies have long been concerned whether Private Military...
The Permanent Crisis: Iran's Nuclear Trajectory
The Permanent Crisis: Iran's Nuclear Trajectory By Shashank Joshi Whitehall, London, UK: Royal United Services Institute, 2012 160 pages $25.00 The author is a young and talented scholar writing from the Royal United Services Institute...
The Taliban: Afghanistan's Most Lethal Insurgents
The Taliban: Afghanistan's Most Lethal Insurgents By Mark Silinsky Westport, CT: Praeger Security International (PSI) Publishing, 2014 263 pages $52.00 Thirteen years into the longest war in American history, precious little is known...
The Thai Way of Counterinsurgency
The Thai Way of Counterinsurgency By Jeffrey Moore Arlington, VA: Muir Analytics, 2014 476 pages $20.20 Recently, the concepts of irregular warfare and counterinsurgency (COIN) have gained attention in academic and military circles....
The Unseen War: Allied Airpower and the Takedown of Saddam Hussein
The Unseen War: Allied Airpower and the Takedown of Saddam Hussein By Benjamin S. Lambeth Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2013 480 pages $59.95 After describing the overwhelming 2003 campaign to topple Saddam Hussein in Iraq,...
The US Army's Domestic Strategy 1945-1965
ABSTRACT: Post-war drawdowns often include a re-negotiation of the terms of civil-military relations. After World War II the US Army's command culture was marked by Army Utopianism, an expansive vision of the Army's place in American society. This...
The Warrior, Military Ethics and Contemporary Warfare: Achilles Goes Asymmetrical
The Warrior, Military Ethics and Contemporary Warfare: Achilles Goes Asymmetrical By Pauline M. Kaurin Ashgate Publishing Company: Burlington, VT, 2014 150 pages $104.94 In The Warrior, Military Ethics and Contemporary Warfare, Pauline...
Unmaking the Bomb: A Fissile Material Approach to Nuclear Disarmament and Nonproliferation
Unmaking the Bomb: A Fissile Material Approach to Nuclear Disarmament and Nonproliferation By Harold A. Feiveson, Alexander Glaser, Zia Mian, and Frank N. Von Hippel Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2014 291 pages $30.00 Unmaking the...
Waging War: Alliances, Coalitions, and Institutions of Interstate Violence
Waging War: Alliances, Coalitions, and Institutions of Interstate Violence By Patricia A. Weitsman Palo Alto, CA: Standford University Press, 2014 279 pages $27.95 Allies are the most aggravating of people. They introduce considerations...
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