Professional School Counseling

Professional School Counseling is a journal covering guidance program evaluation, development of new applications for theoretical ideas and current research in school counseling. Founded in 1967, the American School Counselor Association publishes this journal periodically throughout each school year. Article subjects for Professional School Counseling include education, psychology and psychiatry.

Articles from Vol. 22, No. 1, September-August

A Content Analysis of School Counseling Supervision
Many counseling specialties are linked by an emphasis on mental health or clinical settings, but school counselors are uniquely trained to work in pre-K-12 educational settings in which students present with a broad array of academic, social/ emotional,...
!Adelante! A Community Asset Mapping Approach to Increase College and Career Readiness for Rural Latinx High School Students
The role of school counselors in creating a college- and career-readiness culture in their schools has been the subject of much research (Bryan, Griffin, & Henry, 2013; Bryan, Holcomb-McCoy, Moore-Thomas, & Day-Vines, 2009; Bryan, Moore-Thomas,...
An Implementation of a Computerized Cognitive Behavioral Treatment Program to Address Student Mental Health Needs: A Pilot Study in an After-School Program
Anxiety disorders are one of the most common forms of diagnosed mental health issues found in children and adolescents (Connolly, Bernstein, & Work Group on Quality Issues, 2007; Costello, Mustillo, Erkanli, Keeler, & Angold, 2003; Erford, Kress,...
A Sense of Mattering: A Group Intervention for African American Boys
African American boys have been disproportionately represented in school discipline data. Consequently, literature reflects evidence of higher levels of punishment for this population (McKenna, 2013; Taylor & Brown, 2013; Vincent & Tobin, 2012)....
Attention Problems and Mindfulness: Examining a School Counseling Group Intervention with Elementary School Students
Attention has an important role in students' success in academic, personal, and social development (Bellanti & Bierman, 2000; Petersen & Posner, 2012; Pope & Bierman, 1999; Rabiner, Coie, & Conduct Problems Prevention Group, 2000). Therefore,...
Classroom Management Competencies for School Counselors: A Delphi Study
A primary responsibility of school counselors is delivering the school counseling core curriculum. School counselors commonly fulfill this through teaching lessons in classrooms (American School Counselor Association [ASCA], 2012). An essential element...
College Readiness Counseling to Promote Native American Adolescents' College Aspirations: The Integrated Conceptual Model of Student Success
College readiness counseling is defined as an approach that inspires students to go to college and prepares them for college success and opportunity (College Board National Office for School Counselor Advocacy, 2010). Research on college readiness counseling...
Competence in Program Evaluation and Research Assessed by State School Counselor Licensure Examinations
Both program evaluation and research are essential components of evidence-based school counseling practice (Dimmitt, Carey, & Hatch, 2007). According to Dimmitt, Carey, and Hatch's (2007) evidence-based school counseling model, program evaluation...
Data-Driven School Counseling: The Role of the Research-Practice Partnership
School-wide research-practice partnerships (RPPs) offer school counseling departments a valuable opportunity to strengthen their data-driven decision-making. RPPs are long-term, mutualistic collaborations between researchers and practitioners focused...
Developing a Comprehensive School Suicide Prevention Program
Adolescent suicide is tragic and far too common in the United States. Suicide is the third leading cause of death for youth aged 14-19 (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [SAMHSA], 2015). Although alarming, suicide deaths, unfortunately,...
Does RAMP Matter? Comparing Elementary Student Grades and Absences in One District
Elementary school is a critical time for students to develop academic skills and habits that will be important to their future success. As early as elementary school, indicators of school disengagement, including poor academic achievement and low attendance,...
Effectiveness of an Adapted Behavioral Education Program Targeting Attendance Improvement
Chronic absenteeism is a continual problem in our schools. In 2013, 6 million students missed 15 or more days of school (U.S. Department of Education, 2016). Despite many interventions (Anderson, Christenson, Sinclair, & Lehr, 2004; Cook, Dodge,...
Enhancing Student Learning by "Building a Caring Climate": School Counselors' Experiences with Classroom Management
School counselors are responsible for meeting students' school-based academic, career, and social/emotional needs through a comprehensive school counseling program; the ASCA National Model (American School Counselor Association [ASCA], 2012) is one such...
Evidence-Based School Counseling: Models for Integrated Practice and School Counselor Education
School counselors and school counselor educators have an ethical responsibility to use and to teach evidence-based practices (EBPs) to ensure that our work is supporting positive student outcomes (Barrio Minton, Wachter Morris, & Yaites, 2014; Patel,...
Examining the Relationship between the Multicultural Self-Efficacy, Empathy, and Training of School Counselors and Their Knowledge and Skills Supporting Students Experiencing Homelessness
More than 550,000 individuals in the United States experienced homelessness on any single night in 2018, according to the National Alliance to End Homelessness (2019). Two primary factors have contributed to U.S. poverty and homelessness: the lack of...
Experiences of Elementary School Counselors and Students in Using Reality Art Therapy to Address Chronic Conditions
An emerging area of concern for students and schools is the provision of counseling services for students who are diagnosed with chronic conditions. Chronic conditions are defined as those that persist over time (a duration of at least 3 months) and...
Experiences of School Counselor Mothers: A Phenomenological Investigation
For several decades, researchers have studied issues facing mothers in the workforce (Hewlett & Luce, 2006; Hochschild, 1989; Williams & Segal, 2003). Findings from recent research indicate that working mothers experience challenges in managing...
Exploring the Job Duties That Impact School Counselor Wellness: The Role of RAMP, Supervision, and Support
Wellness, defined as a way of life that fosters "the optimum state of health and well-being that each individual is capable of achieving" (Myers, Sweeny, & Witmer, 2000, p. 252), is a central foundation of the school counseling profession. The American...
Factors Influencing School Counselor Involvement in Partnerships with Families of Color: A Social Cognitive Exploration
The academic and personal achievements of students are influenced by factors beyond the classroom because contextual factors such as family and community also affect performance (Leonard, 2011; Paylo, 2011). School counselors seeking to implement effective...
Guidance Counselors or School Counselors: How the Name of the Profession Influences Perceptions of Competence
The establishment of the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) in 1952 marked the formalization of the school counselor's roles, strategies for professional development, resources for research, and advocacy for the profession's identity (Lambie...
Helping Students Who Stutter: Interprofessional Collaboration between Speech-Language Pathologists and School Counselors
Stuttering is an intermittent and involuntary developmental speech disorder, overtly characterized by syllable repetitions, sound prolongations, postural fixations/blocks, and secondary physical concomitant stuttering behaviors, that often presents covert,...
"If We Don't Define Our Roles, Someone Else Will": Professional Advocacy in School Counseling
Advocating for the counseling profession and promoting counselors' roles is critical for ensuring high-quality and ethically sound professional practice that best supports all clients (Brat, O'Hara, McGhee, & Chang, 2016; Chi Sigma Iota, n.d.; Myers...
Integrating Yoga into a Comprehensive School Counseling Program: A Qualitative Approach
Over the last century, the school counseling profession has evolved from providing vocational guidance for a few students to the development of a comprehensive school counseling program that meets the academic, career, and social/emotional needs of all...
Measuring Classroom Climate: A Validation Study of the My Child's Classroom Inventory-Short Form for Parents
For decades now, increased interest in the topic of school climate has challenged educators to consider ways to gather pertinent information and make necessary changes to better meet the needs of students (Thapa, Cohen, Guffey, & Higgins-D'Alessandro,...
Narratives of School Counselors regarding Advocacy for LGBTQ Students
Many school counselors identify themselves as "advocates," yet their perceived levels of advocacy for and with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ) students vary (Simons, 2019). That is, their advocacy identity is perceived...
New School Counselors' Perceptions of Factors Influencing Their Roles as Leaders
In 2003, the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) published the ASCA National Model, a comprehensive model created to serve as a framework for assisting school counselors in meeting the needs of all students in their school communities. One integral...
Perceptions of School Counselors Surviving a School Shooting
The fire alarm goes off in a local middle school. In accordance with the fire alarm drill protocol, students and faculty exit the building. Two current students have positioned themselves at a distance and begin unloading a barrage of gunshots in the...
Potential Stressors of Undocumented Latinx Youth: Implications and Recommendations for School Counselors
Within the past 5 years, immigration rates among undocumented immigrants have risen due to political, economic, and educational instability in their home countries. In 2014, 11.3 million unauthorized immigrants were in the United States, or 3.5% of the...
Preparing Preservice School Counselors to Serve Students with Disabilities: A Case Study
According to the U.S. Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA), "Improving educational results for children with disabilities is an essential element of our national policy of ensuring equality of opportunity, full participation, independent living,...
Recognized ASCA Model Program (RAMP) and Student Outcomes in Elementary and Middle Schools
Research evidence indicates that school counseling practices and programs influence a range of student outcomes. Meta-analyses on specific interventions (e.g., Villares, Frain, Brigman, Webb, & Peluso, 2012; Whiston, 2007) and larger studies of school...
Remixing the School Counselor's Tool Kit: Hip-Hop Spoken Word Therapy and YPAR
The illest rapper is livin out by the pistons, where clinics don't give you treatment unless you in high positions. Ninth-grade student This quote is from a hip-hop song written by a ninth-grade student who lives in the poorest county in a sprawling...
School Counselor Experiences of Response to Intervention with English Learners
Since 2002, students identified as English learners (ELs) in U.S. schools increased by 7.3% (Mavrogordato & Harris, 2017) and now comprise 9.4% of the total public-school population (U.S. Department of Education [DOE], 2016). The increased population...
School Counselor Roles and Opportunities in Promoting EcoWellness: Integrating Nature Connection in K-12 Settings
Research across disciplines demonstrates that contact with nature positively impacts human development across the life span (Frumkin et al., 2017; Gill, 2014). This multidisciplinary research has inspired leaders of international grassroots initiatives...
School Counselors' Attitudes toward Evidence-Based Practices
In recent years, interest in the use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in school counseling has been growing. Trends have included the formation and facilitation of the annual Evidence-Based School Counseling conference, publications of books with strategies...
School Counselors' Roles and Responsibilities in Bullying Prevention: A National Survey
Bullying and peer victimization in school settings are primary concerns for both staff and students. According to DeVoe and Bauer (2011), nearly 28% of students report being victimized each year in U.S. schools. This statistic is concerning because of...
School Counselors' Use of Technology for Program Management
The use of technology in school counseling is an underresearched topic. However, the presence of technology in schools is undeniable and constantly evolving. The role of the school counselor varies on any given day with time spent in multiple tasks,...
Self-Esteem and School Belongingness: A Cross-Lagged Panel Study among Urban Youth
Belonging to a group that makes one feel accepted, cared for, and supported is a basic psychological need within the social context of the school environment (Goodenow & Grady, 1993; Osterman, 2000). Commonly referred to as school belongingness,...
Spotlighting Stigma and Barriers: Examining Secondary Students' Attitudes toward School Counseling Services
Considerable research has supported the value of counseling services for children and adolescents in schools (Fox & Butler, 2007; Reback, 2010; Whiston, Tai, Rahardja, & Eder, 2011). For example, analysis of a large national sample of elementary-aged...
Supporting School Engagement and High School Completion through Trauma-Informed School Counseling
School engagement and high school completion are connected outcomes that remain in the forefront of improvement plans for schools across the United States. Lack of engagement in school has been directly linked to dropping out (Archambault, Janosz, Fallu,...
The Experiences of School Counselors as Antibullying Specialists: A Phenomenological Study
The pervasiveness of bullying in schools is well-documented in the literature (Gladden, Vivolo-Kantor, Hamburger, & Lumpkin, 2014; Musu-Gillette, Zhang, Wang, Zhang, & Oudekerk, 2017; U.S. Department of Education [U.S. DOE], 2016) and is a phenomenon...
The Multicultural School Counseling Behavior Scale: Development, Psychometrics, and Use
Researchers have increasingly acknowledged and studied the importance of multicultural counseling competence since the first multicultural counseling competencies were proposed by Sue and colleagues in 1982 (Arredondo, Toporek, & Brown, 1996; Coleman,...
The Relationship between Job Roles and Gender on Principal-School Counselor Relationship Quality
Mutually respectful principal-school counselor relationships with open communication and trust can help principals understand school counselors' roles and contribute to enhanced counseling services and student achievement (Clemens, Milsom, & Cashwell,...
Transformative School Counselor Leadership: An Intrinsic Case Study
School counseling has evolved considerably, now emphasizing systematic, data-driven, comprehensive school counseling programs that provide services for all students. Comprehensive programs "have provided school counselors K-12 with the organizational...
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