Herbert Marcuse

Herbert Marcuse (märkōō´zə), 1898–1979, U.S. political philosopher, b. Berlin. He was educated at the Univ. of Freiburg and with Theodore Adorno and Max Horkheimer founded the Frankfurt Institute of Social Research. A special target of the Nazis because of his Jewish origins and Marxist politics, he emigrated (1934) to the United States and became a naturalized citizen in 1940. Marcuse served with the Office of Strategic Services during World War II and later taught at Harvard, Columbia, and Brandeis before becoming (1965) professor of philosophy at the Univ. of California at San Diego. He is best known for his attempt to synthesize Marxian and Freudian theories into a comprehensive critique of modern industrial society. In One Dimensional Man (1964), his most popular book, he argued for a sexual basis to the social and political repression in contemporary America; the book made him a hero of New Left radicals and provided a rationale for the student revolts of the 1960s in the United States and Europe. His other works include Reason and Revolution (1941), Eros and Civilization (1955), An Essay on Liberation (1969), and Counterrevolution and Revolt (1972).

See studies by A. MacIntyre (1970), P. Mattick (1972), J. Woddis (1972), C. Fred Alford (1985), and P. Line (1985); R. Wolin, Heidegger's Children (2001).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Herbert Marcuse: Selected full-text books and articles

Science and the Revenge of Nature: Marcuse & Habermas By C. Fred Alford University Presses of Florida, 1985
Soviet Marxism: A Critical Analysis By Herbert Marcuse Columbia University Press, 1958
The New Left and the 1960s By Herbert Marcuse; Douglas Kellner Routledge, 2005
From Neo-Marxism to Democratic Theory: Essays on the Critical Theory of Soviet-Type Societies By Andrew Arato M. E. Sharpe, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Between Apology and Critique: Marcuse's Soviet Marxism"
Debates in Continental Philosophy: Conversations with Contemporary Thinkers By Richard Kearney Fordham University Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: "Herbert Marcuse: The Philosophy of Art and Politics" begins on p. 85
The Soul of Justice: Social Bonds and Racial Hubris By Cynthia Willett Cornell University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "The Erotic Soul of Existential Marxism: Marcuse"
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