George Ivanovitch Gurdjieff

Gurdjieff, George Ivanovich

George Ivanovich Gurdjieff (gûrjēf´, –jĕf´), 1872–1949, Armenian spiritualist and author. After spending years traveling, Gurdjieff settled in Moscow (c.1913). He fled the Russian Revolution (1917) with a band of followers, settling in Fontainebleau, France, where he established the Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man (1922). He taught that ordinary people could attain a higher state of awareness and take control over their lives. Disciples in the United States organized the Gurdjieff Foundation of New York (1953) and a similar group in San Francisco (1958). His writings include Beelzebub's Tales to His Grandson (1950) and Meetings with Remarkable Men (1963).

See studies by K. Walker (1980) and J. Webb (1980).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

George Ivanovitch Gurdjieff: Selected full-text books and articles

Jean Toomer and the Prison-House of Thought: A Phenomenology of the Spirit By Robert B. Jones University of Massachusetts Press, 1993
Librarian's tip: Chap. 3 "Landscapes of the Self: Art and Gurdjieffian Idealism"
The Occult in Russian and Soviet Culture By Bernice Glatzer Rosenthal Cornell University Press, 1997
Librarian's tip: "Gurdjieff and Uspensky" begins on p. 360
An Intersection of Interests: Gurdjieff's Rope Group as a Site of Literary Production By Rauve, Rebecca Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 49, No. 1, Spring 2003
Marx, Gurdjieff, and Mannheim: Contested Utopistics of Self and Society in a World-History Context By Tamdgidi, M. H. "Behrooz" Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, Vol. 2, No. 1, Spring 2003
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Western Esoteric Traditions: A Historical Introduction By Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke Oxford University Press, 2008
Reflections on Language By Stuart Hirschberg; Terry Hirschberg Oxford University Press, 1999
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