W. V. Quine

W. V. Quine: (Willard Van Orman Quine) (kwīn), 1908–2000, American philosopher and mathematical logician, b. Akron, Ohio, grad. Oberlin, 1930. He studied at Harvard (Ph.D., 1932) under Alfred North Whitehead and in Europe, where he was influenced by Rudolf Carnap. He taught at Harvard (1936–78), becoming Edgar Pierce professor of philosophy there in 1955. Much of Quine's philosophical work deals with the implications of viewing language as a logical system. He disputed the distinction, originating in Immanuel Kant, between analytic and synthetic statements. He argued that any statement can be held to be true no matter what is observed, provided that adjustments are made elsewhere in a language's system of reference. Quine drew attention to "ontic commitments" in language systems, i.e., their tendency to commit their users to the existence of certain things. In the field of logic Quine made important contributions to set theory. His writings include Mathematical Logic (1940), From a Logical Point of View (1953), Word and Object (1960), Philosophy of Logic (1969), Set Theory and Its Logic,Methods of Logic (3d ed. 1972), Theories and Things (1981), and Pursuit of Truth (1989).

See studies by R. F. Gibson (1982), I. Dilman (1984), L. Hahn (1986), P. Gochet (1986), and R. B. Barrett and R. F. Gibson, ed. (1989).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

W. V. Quine: Selected full-text books and articles

Quintessence: Basic Readings from the Philosophy of W.V. Quine By W. V. Quine; Roger F. Gibson Jr Belknap Press, 2004
The Philosophy of W. V. Quine By W. V. Quine; Lewis Edwin Hahn; Paul Arthur Schilpp Open Court, 1986
The Philosophy of W. V. Quine: An Expository Essay By Roger F. Gibson Jr University Presses of Florida, 1982
The Roots of Reference By W. V. Quine Open Court Publishing, 1973
Word and Object By Willard Van Orman Quine Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1960
The American Philosopher: Conversations with Quine, Davidson, Putnam, Nozick, Danto, Rorty, Cavell, MacIntyre, and Kuhn By Giovanna Borradori; Rosanna Crocitto University of Chicago Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Twentieth-Century Logic: Willard Van Orman Quine"
Quine and Davidson on Language, Thought, and Reality By Hans-Johann Glock Cambridge University Press, 2003
Wittgenstein and Quine By Robert L. Arrington; Hans-Johann Glock Routledge, 1996
Contemporary Readings in Logical Theory By Irving M. Copi; James A. Gould Macmillan, 1967
Librarian’s tip: "On What There Is" by Willard Van Orman Quine begins on p. 165
Language and Ontology By Jack Kaminsky Southern Illinois University Press, 1969
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Quine on Ontological Commitment"
Pragmatism: From Progressivism to Postmodernism By Robert Hollinger; David Depew Praeger, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "James, Quine, and Analytic Pragmatism"
Modalities: Philosophical Essays By Ruth Barcan Marcus Oxford University Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 14 "A Backward Look at Quine's Animadversions of Modalites"
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