Georg Lukacs

Lukács, György

György Lukács (dyör´dyə lōō´käch), 1885–1971, Hungarian writer, one of the foremost modern literary critics. Converted to Communism in 1918, Lukács served (1919) in the cabinet of Béla Kun. On Kun's fall he fled and lived in Berlin until the rise of Hitler, when he went to the Soviet Union. In 1945 he returned to Hungary, became professor of aesthetics at Budapest, and was important in the Communist party and in national intellectual life. He was attacked for his sympathy for Western literature as expressed in The Destruction of Reason (1954), and after the Hungarian revolution he was stripped of political importance. Lukács' powerful criticism combines Marxist social theory with aesthetic sensibility, flexibility, and humanism. His central theme, expounded in History and Class Consciousness (1923, tr. 1971), is the link between creative works and the social struggle. His works include studies on Goethe (1947, tr. 1969), Hegel (1948), Lenin (1970), and Solzhenitsyn (1970, tr. 1971) as well as on Marxism and literary values. His other writings include The Historical Novel (1955, tr. 1962) and his outstanding Studies in European Realism (1946, tr. 1950). His Political Writings, 1919–1929 was translated in 1972.

See studies by G. Lichtheim (1970) and E. Bahn and R. G. Kunzer (1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Georg Lukacs: Selected full-text books and articles

The Young Lukacs By Lee Congdon University of North Carolina Press, 1983
Lukacs and Brecht By David Pike University of North Carolina Press, 1985
Four Critics: Croce, Valery, Lukacs, and Ingarden By René Wellek University of Washington Press, 1981
Ulysses, Capitalism and Colonialism: Reading Joyce after the Cold War By M. Keith Booker Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "History Is to Blame: Ulysses, Lukacs, and the Historical Novel"
The Wager of Lucien Goldmann: Tragedy, Dialectics, and a Hidden God By Mitchell Cohen Princeton University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Lukacs, Marxism, and Method"
Kierkegaard and Philosophy: Selected Essays By Alastair Hannay Routledge, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 15 "Two Ways of Coming Back to Reality"
Max Weber's Political Sociology: A Pessimistic Vision of a Rationalized World By Ronald M. Glassman; Vatro Murvar Greenwood Press, 1984
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "The Weber-Lukcas Encounter"
Antonio Gramsci: Beyond Marxism and Postmodernism By Renate Holub Routledge, 1992
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "To Realism Farewell: Gramsci, Lukacs and Marxist Aesthetics"
Heidegger and Marcuse: The Catastrophe and Redemption of History By Andrew Feenberg Routledge, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Interlude with Lukacs"
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