Edmund Husserl

Edmund Husserl (ĕt´mŏŏnt hŏŏs´ərl), 1859–1938, German philosopher, founder of the phenomenological movement (see phenomenology). He was professor at Göttingen and Freiburg and was greatly influenced by Franz Brentano. His philosophy is a descriptive study of consciousness for the purpose of discovering the structure of experience, i.e., the laws by which experiences are had. His method was to "bracket" the data of consciousness by suspending all preconceptions, especially those drawn from the "naturalistic standpoint." Thus, objects of pure imagination are examined with the same seriousness as data taken from the objective world. Husserl concluded that consciousness has no life apart from the objects it considers. This characteristic he calls "intentionality" (object-directedness), following Brentano. In his later work, Husserl moved toward idealism and denied that objects exist outside consciousness. His chief works are Logische Untersuchungen (1900–1901) and Ideas for a Pure Phenomenology (tr. 1952).

See studies by P. Ricoeur (1967), M. Natanson (1973), J. Kockelmans, ed. (1967, repr. 1978), H. L. Dreyfus and H. Hall, ed. (1982), D. Willard (1984), and E. Levinas (1973, repr. 1985).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Edmund Husserl: Selected full-text books and articles

A Key to Husserl's Ideas I By Paul Ricoeur; Pol Vandevelde; Bond Harris; Jacqueline Bouchard Spurlock Marquette University Press, 1996
From Logic to the Person: An Introduction to Edmund Husserl's Ethics By Peucker, Henning The Review of Metaphysics, Vol. 62, No. 2, December 2008
Husserl and Heidegger on Human Experience By Pierre Keller Cambridge University Press, 1999
Husserl and Frege By J. N. Mohanty Indiana University Press, 1982
Husserl's Ego: Another Thrashing of a Dead Horse? By Brough, John B Philosophy Today, Vol. 49, January 1, 2005
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Husserl's Account of Our Consciousness of Time By James R. Mensch Marquette University Press, 2010
Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth-Century Philosophy By Juliet Floyd; Sanford Shieh Oxford University Press, 2003
Librarian's tip: Chap. 3 "Bolzano, Frege, and Husserl on Reference and Object" and Chap. 6 "Husserl and the Linguistic Turn"
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