Emmanuel Levinas


phenomenology, modern school of philosophy founded by Edmund Husserl. Its influence extended throughout Europe and was particularly important to the early development of existentialism. Husserl attempted to develop a universal philosophic method, devoid of presuppositions, by focusing purely on phenomena and describing them; anything that could not be seen, and thus was not immediately given to the consciousness, was excluded. The concern was with what is known, not how it is known. The phenomenological method is thus neither the deductive method of logic nor the empirical method of the natural sciences; instead it consists in realizing the presence of an object and elucidating its meaning through intuition. Husserl considered the object of the phenomenological method to be the immediate seizure, in an act of vision, of the ideal intelligible content of the phenomenon. Notable members of the school have been Roman Ingarden, Max Scheler, Emmanuel Levinas, and Marvin Farber.

See E. Husserl, Ideas: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology (tr. 1931, repr. 1989) and Cartesian Meditations (tr. 1960, repr. 1970); M. Farber, The Foundation of Phenomenology (1943, repr. 1967); R. Zanes, Way of Phenomenology (1970); M. A. Natanson, ed., Phenomenology and the Social Sciences (2 vol., 1973); H. Spiegelberg, The Phenomenological Movement (1981); R. Grossman, Phenomenology and Existentialism (1984).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Emmanuel Levinas: Selected full-text books and articles

The Cambridge Companion to Levinas
Simon Critchley; Robert Bernasconi.
Cambridge University Press, 2002
Reading Levinas/Reading Talmud: An Introduction
Ira F. Stone.
Jewish Publication Society, 1998
Postmodern Apologetics? Arguments for God in Contemporary Philosophy
Christina M. Gschwandtner.
Fordham University Press, 2013
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Emmanuel Lévinas and the Infinite"
Contemporary Jewish Theology: A Reader
Elliot N. Dorff; Louis E. Newman.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 15 "Revelation in the Jewish Tradition" by Emmanuel Levinas
The Wisdom of Love in the Service of Love: Emmanuel Levinas on Justice, Peace, and Human Rights
Roger Burggraeve.
Marquette University Press, 2002
Emmanuel Levinas: The Genealogy of Ethics
John Llewelyn.
Routledge, 1995
Levinas and the Political
Howard Caygill.
Routledge, 2002
Reconsidering Difference: Nancy, Derrida, Levinas, and Deleuze
Todd May.
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997
On Being Human: A Conversation with Lonergan and Levinas
Michele Saracino.
Marquette University Press, 2003
Wittgenstein and Levinas: Ethical and Religious Thought
Bob Plant.
Routledge, 2005
Mystery and Method: The Other in Rahner and Levinas
Michael Purcell.
Marquette University Press, 1998
Correlations in Rosenzweig and Levinas
Robert Gibbs.
Princeton University Press, 1992
Levinas, Blanchot, Jabes: Figures of Estrangement
Gary D. Mole.
University Press of Florida, 1997
After Poststructuralism: Reading, Stories and Theory
Colin Davis.
Routledge, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "After Ethics: Levinas without Stories"
Ethics, Exegesis, and Philosophy: Interpretation after Levinas
Richard A. Cohen.
Cambridge University Press, 2001
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