Hu Shih

Hu Shih (hōō shŭr), 1891–1962, Chinese philosopher and essayist, leading liberal intellectual in the May Fourth Movement (1917–23). He studied under John Dewey at Columbia Univ., becoming a lifelong advocate of pragmatic evolutionary change. While professor of philosophy at Beijing Univ., he wrote for the iconoclastic journal New Youth (see Chen Duxiu). His most important contribution was promotion of vernacular literature to replace writing in the classical style. Hu Shih was also a leading critic and analyst of traditional Chinese culture and thought. He was ambassador to the United States (1938–42), chancellor of Beijing Univ. (1946–48), and after 1958 president of the Academia Sinica in Taiwan.

See J. B. Grieder, Hu Shih and the Chinese Renaissance (1970).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Hu Shih: Selected full-text books and articles

The Chinese Renaissance By Hu Shih The University of Chicago Press, 1934
Living Philosophies By Hilaire Belloc; Bertrand Russell; H. G. Wells; John Dewey; Theodore Dreiser; Irwin Edman; H. L. Mencken; Albert Einstein; Arthur Keith; Beatrice Webb; Fridtjof Nansen; George Jean Nathan; Hu Shih; Irving Babbitt; J. B. S. Haldane; James Jeans; James Truslow Adams; Joseph Wood Krutch; Julia Peterkin; Lewis Mumford; Robert Andrews Millikan; William Ralphinge Simon and Schuster, 1931
Librarian's tip: Chap. XVI "Hu Shih"
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Thought Reform of the Chinese Intellectuals By Theodore H. E. Chen Hong Kong University Press, 1960
Librarian's tip: "Hu Shih" begins on p. 43
Chinese Literature: A Historical Introduction By Ch'ên Shou-Yi Ronald Press, 1961
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Hu Shih begins on p. 631
Twentieth Century Philosophy: Living Schools of Thought By Dagobert D. Runes Philosophical Library, 1947
Librarian's tip: "Philosophies of China" beings on p. 539
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