George Ivanovitch Gurdjieff

Gurdjieff, George Ivanovich

George Ivanovich Gurdjieff (gûrjēf´, –jĕf´), 1872–1949, Armenian spiritualist and author. After spending years traveling, Gurdjieff settled in Moscow (c.1913). He fled the Russian Revolution (1917) with a band of followers, settling in Fontainebleau, France, where he established the Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man (1922). He taught that ordinary people could attain a higher state of awareness and take control over their lives. Disciples in the United States organized the Gurdjieff Foundation of New York (1953) and a similar group in San Francisco (1958). His writings include Beelzebub's Tales to His Grandson (1950) and Meetings with Remarkable Men (1963).

See studies by K. Walker (1980) and J. Webb (1980).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

George Ivanovitch Gurdjieff: Selected full-text books and articles

To Make a New Race: Gurdjieff, Toomer, and the Harlem Renaissance
Jon Woodson.
University Press of Mississippi, 1999
In Search of the Miraculous: Fragments of an Unknown Teaching
P. D. Uspenskiei.
Harcourt, Brace & World, 1949
The Occult in Russian and Soviet Culture
Bernice Glatzer Rosenthal.
Cornell University Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Gurdjieff and Uspensky" begins on p. 360
Jean Toomer and the Prison-House of Thought: A Phenomenology of the Spirit
Robert B. Jones.
University of Massachusetts Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Landscapes of the Self: Art and Gurdjieffian Idealism"
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