Josiah Royce

Josiah Royce, 1855–1916, American philosopher, b. California, grad. Univ. of California, 1873. After studying in Germany and at Johns Hopkins, he returned to California to teach (1878–82). From 1882 until his death he was at Harvard, becoming a professor in 1892. Among his works are The Spirit of Modern Philosophy (1892), The World and the Individual (1900–1901), The Philosophy of Loyalty (1908), and Lectures on Modern Idealism (1919). Royce, thoroughly grounded in history and cognizant of scientific thought, was the foremost American idealist. He held that reality is the life of an absolute mind. We know truth beyond ourselves because we are a part of the logos, or world-mind. Science successfully depends on description, but appreciation must precede description and consequently ideals must be deeper than the mechanism of science. The natural order of the world must be also a moral order. Our ethical obligation is to the moral order and takes the form of loyalty to the great community of all individuals.

See biography by B. Kuklick (1972, repr. 1985); studies by G. Marcel (tr. 1965), P. L. Fuss (1965), T. F. Powell (1967), B. B. Singh (1973), F. M. Oppenheim (1980), and J. Clendenning (1985).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Josiah Royce: Selected full-text books and articles

The Relevance of Royce By Kelly A. Parker; Jason Bell Fordham University Press, 2014
FREE! The Philosophy of Loyalty By Josiah Royce Macmillan, 1908
The Conception of Immortality By Josiah Royce Greenwood Press, 1968
FREE! Hope of the Great Community By Josiah Royce Macmillan, 1916
Royce's Logical Essays: Collected Logical Essays of Josiah Royce By Josiah Royce; Josiah Royce; Daniel S. Robinson Wm. C. Brown,, 1951
Men and Movements in American Philosophy By Arthur E. Murphy Prentice Hall, 1952
Librarian’s tip: "Absolute Idealism: Josiah Royce" begins on p. 206
The Idealistic Argument in Recent British and American Philosophy By G. Watts Cunningham Century, 1933
Librarian’s tip: Chap. X "Josiah Royce (1855-1916)"
The Social Philosophy of English Idealism By A. J. M. Milne Allen & Unwin, 1962
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VIII "The Moral Philosophy and Metaphysics of Josiah Royce"
Time and Reality in American Philosophy By Bertrand P. Helm University of Massachusetts Press, 1985
Librarian’s tip: Chap. III "Royce, Eternity, and Time"
Frontiers of Consciousness: Interdisciplinary Studies in American Philosophy and Poetry By Stanley J. Scott Fordham University Press, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Consciousness and Meaning: Josiah Royce as Empirical Idealist and the Legacy of Charles Peirce"
Classical American Philosophy: Essential Readings and Interpretive Essays By John J. Stuhr Oxford University Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: "Josiah Royce" begins on p. 178
Science and Sentiment in America: Philosophical Thought from Jonathan Edwards to John Dewey By Morton White Oxford University Press, 1972
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "Josiah Royce: Science, Christianity, and Absolute Idealism"
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