Fashoda Incident

Fashoda Incident (fəshō´də), 1898, diplomatic dispute between France and Great Britain. Toward the end of the 19th cent., while Britain was seeking to establish a continuous strip of territory from Cape Town to Cairo, France desired to establish an overland route from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. To make good their claim the French dispatched (May 1, 1897) Major J. B. Marchand with a small force from Brazzaville, in the face of a British warning. After crossing over 2,000 mi (3,200 km) of almost unexplored wilderness, Marchand reached (July 10, 1898) the village of Fashoda (now Kodok) on the Nile in the S Sudan (now in NE South Sudan). Beating off a Mahdist attack, he stopped there to await an expected Franco-Ethiopian expedition from the east. Meanwhile, Lord Kitchener's Anglo-Egyptian army had defeated (Sept. 2) the Mahdists in the N Sudan. When he heard of the French activities, Kitchener led forces upriver to Fashoda and, despite Marchand's presence, claimed (Sept. 19) the town for Egypt. The French government resisted for a time, but, fearing war, ordered its mission to withdraw on Nov. 3. In Mar., 1899, France yielded its claim to the upper Nile region and accepted part of the Sahara as compensation.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Fashoda Incident: Selected full-text books and articles

Fashoda, the Incident and Its Diplomatic Setting By Morrison Beall Giffen The University of Chicago Press, 1930
Democracy and Coercive Diplomacy By Kenneth A. Schultz Cambridge University Press, 2001
Librarian's tip: "Fashoda Revisited" begins on p. 175
Warfare & Society in Europe: 1898 to the Present By Michael S. Neiberg Routledge, 2004
Librarian's tip: Chap. 1 "From Fashoda to Sarajevo"
FREE! French Foreign Policy from Fashoda to Serajevo (1898-1914) By Graham H. Stuart Century, 1921
Librarian's tip: Chap. II "Fashoda"
FREE! Thirty Years, Anglo-French Reminiscences (1876-1906) By Thomas Barclay Houghton Mifflin Company, 1914
Librarian's tip: Chap. XIII "Fashoda"
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Africa and the Victorians: The Climax of Imperialism in the Dark Continent By Ronald Robinson; John Gallagher; Alice Denny St. Martin's Press, 1961
Librarian's tip: Chap. XII "The Way to Fashoda"
Historical Dictionary of the Third French Republic, 1870-1940 By Patrick H. Hutton; Amanda S. Bourque; Amy J. Staples Greenwood Press, vol.1, 1986
Librarian's tip: "Fashoda Incident" begins on p. 360
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