pluralism, in philosophy, theory that considers the universe explicable in terms of many principles or composed of many ultimate substances. It describes no particular system and may be embodied in such opposed philosophical concepts as materialism and idealism. Empedocles, G. W. von Leibniz, William James, and Bertrand Russell are among the philosophers generally considered as pluralistic. See also monism and dualism.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Pluralism: Selected full-text books and articles

Pluralism: Against the Demand for Consensus
Nicholas Rescher.
Clarendon Press, 1993
Rethinking Pluralism: Ritual, Experience, and Ambiguity
Adam B. Seligman; Robert P. Weller.
Oxford University Press, 2012
Paradigms Regained: Pluralism and the Practice of Criticism
James L. Battersby.
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991
Pluralism and the Politics of Difference: State, Culture, and Ethnicity in Comparative Perspective
R. D. Grillo.
Clarendon Press, 1998
Constructing Community: Moral Pluralism and Tragic Conflicts
J. Donald Moon.
Princeton University Press, 1993
The Challenge of Pluralism: Education, Politics, and Values
F. Clark Power; Daniel K. Lapsley.
University of Notre Dame Press, 1992
Plural and Conflicting Values
Michael Stocker.
Oxford University Press, 1989
The Morality of Pluralism
John Kekes.
Princeton University Press, 1993
The Culture of Religious Pluralism
Richard E. Wentz.
Westview Press, 1998
Power and Pluralism in American Cities: Researching the Urban Laboratory
Robert J. Waste.
Greenwood Press, 1987
Liberal Pluralism: The Implications of Value Pluralism for Political Theory and Practice
William A. Galston.
Cambridge University Press, 2002
Strategies for Promoting Pluralism in Education and the Workplace
Lynne Brodie Welch; Betty Jane Cleckley; Marilyn McClure.
Praeger, 1997
Towards an Ethics of Community: Negotiations of Difference in a Pluralist Society
James H. Olthuis.
Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2000
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