nativism, in anthropology, social movement that proclaims the return to power of the natives of a colonized area and the resurgence of native culture, along with the decline of the colonizers. The term has also been used to refer to a widespread attitude in a society of a rejection of alien persons or culture. Nativism occurs within almost all areas of nonindustrial culture known to anthropologists. One of the earliest careful studies of nativism was that of James Mooney (1896), who studied the Ghost Dance among Native Americans of the W United States. In 1943, Ralph Linton published a brief paper on nativistic movements that served to establish the phenomenon as a special topic in anthropological studies of culture change.

See A. Wallace, The Death and Rebirth of the Seneca (1972) and J. Higham, Strangers in the Land (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Nativism: Selected full-text books and articles

Not Fit for Our Society: Nativism and Immigration By Peter Schrag University of California Press, 2010
Essays on American Antebellum Politics, 1840-1860 By Joel H. Silbey; William E. Gienapp; Thomas B. Alexander; Michael F. Holt; Stephen E. Maizlish; John J. Kushma Texas A&M University Press, 1982
Librarian's tip: Includes "The Meaning of Nativism and the Crisis of The Union: The Know-Nothing Movement in The Antebellum North"
Lingo Jingo: English Only and the New Nativism By Nunberg, Geoffrey The American Prospect, No. 33, July-August 1997
Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War By Eric Foner Oxford University Press, 1995
Librarian's tip: Chap. 7 "The Republicans and Nativism"
Laws Harsh as Tigers: Chinese Immigrants and the Shaping of Modern Immigration Law By Lucy E. Salyer University of North Carolina Press, 1995
Librarian's tip: Chap. 5 "Drawing the Sieve Tighter: The Rise of Nativism and Administrative Power"
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