Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.

Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., 1908–72, American politician and clergyman, b. New Haven, Conn. In 1937 he became pastor of the Abyssinian Baptist Church in New York City, and he soon became known as a militant black leader. He was elected to the city council of New York in 1941, and was elected for the first time to the U.S. Congress in 1945. Although a Democrat, he campaigned for President Eisenhower in 1956. As chairman of the House Committee on Education and Labor after 1960, he acquired a reputation for flamboyance and disregard of convention. In Mar., 1967, he was excluded by the House of Representatives, which had accused him of misuse of House funds, contempt of New York court orders concerning a 1963 libel judgment against him, and conduct unbecoming a member. He was overwhelmingly reelected in a special election in 1967 and again in 1968. He was seated in the 1969 Congress but fined $25,000 and deprived of his seniority. In June, 1969, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that his exclusion from the House had been unconstitutional. Powell was defeated for reelection in 1970.

See his autobiography (1971); study by A. Jacobs (1973).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.: Selected full-text books and articles

The Racial Identity of Adam Clayton Powell Jr.: A Case Study in Racial Ambivalence and Redefinition By Rushing, Lawrence Afro-Americans in New York Life and History, Vol. 34, No. 1, January 2010
Rhetoric of Black Revolution By Arthur L. Smith Allyn and Bacon, 1969
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Black Leadership for Social Change By Jacob U. Gordon Greenwood Press, 2000
Blacks and Reds: Race and Class in Conflict, 1919-1990 By Earl Ofari Hutchinson Michigan State University Press, 1995
Rising Wind: Black Americans and U.S. Foreign Affairs, 1935-1960 By Brenda Gayle Plummer University of North Carolina Press, 1996
Harlem at War: The Black Experience in WWII By Nat Brandt Syracuse University Press, 1997
Encyclopedia of Minorities in American Politics: African Americans and Asian Americans By Jeffrey D. Schultz; Kerry L. Haynie; Anne M. McCulloch; Andrew L. Aoki Oryx Press, vol.1, 2000
'I Remember Adam.' (Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr.) By Garland, Phyl Ebony, Vol. 45, No. 5, March 1990
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