Nelson Rockefeller

Rockefeller, Nelson Aldrich

Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller, 1908–79, U.S. public official, governor of New York (1959–73), Vice President of the United States (1974–77), b. Bar Harbor, Maine; grandson of John D. Rockefeller. A director of Rockefeller Center from 1931 to 1958, he also served in many government posts, including coordinator of the Office of Inter-American Affairs (1940–44), chairman of the International Development Advisory Board (1950–51), and chairman of the President's Advisory Committee on Government Organization (1952–58). A Republican, he defeated (1958) W. Averell Harriman for the governorship of New York, and was reelected in 1962, 1966, and 1970. As governor he expanded state services in such areas as education, transportation, housing, welfare, and environmental control. He unsuccessfully campaigned for the Republican presidential nomination in 1960, 1964, and 1968. In Dec., 1973, he resigned from the governorship to serve as chairman of the National Commission on Critical Choices for America. In 1974 President Ford nominated him for the vice presidency under the terms of the Twenty-fifth Amendment. Despite some criticism of the political uses to which he had put his vast wealth, he was confirmed by Congress. Rockefeller wrote The Future of Federalism (1968), Unity, Freedom and Peace (1968), and Our Environment Can Be Saved (1970).

See biographies by C. Reich (1996) and R. N. Smith (2014).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Nelson Rockefeller: Selected full-text books and articles

Missionary Capitalist: Nelson Rockefeller in Venezuela By Darlene Rivas University of North Carolina Press, 2002
Where Have You Gone, Nelson Rockefeller? By Marshall, Joshua Micah The American Prospect, May 1999
The Communications Revolution in Politics By Gerald Benjamin Academy of Political Science, 1982
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Nelson Rockefeller begins on p. 65
Turning Right in the Sixties: The Conservative Capture of the GOP By Mary C. Brennan University of North Carolina Press, 1995
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Nelson Rockefeller begins on p. 34
Eisenhower's War of Words: Rhetoric and Leadership By Martin J. Medhurst Michigan State University Press, 1994
Librarian's tip: "The 'Failed' Geneva Summit" begins on p. 143
Airwaves: A Collection of Radio Editorials from the Golden Apple By William O'Shaughnessy Fordham University Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: Part I "Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller"
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